St. Helena timeline: 1849

Sources are provided [within square brackets] at the end of each timeline entry, except for those sources which repeat. Recurring sources are (indicated by round parentheses), with the source citation abbreviated as shown in the following key:

  • BNA: The British Newspaper Archive, (accessed 2015-05-16, 2015-06-27ff, by subscription); transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick.
  • Bertram 1852: St. Helena and the Cape of Good Hope: or, Incidents in the Missionary Life of the Rev. James M'Gregor Bertram, of St. Helena (by Edwin F. Hatfield (New York: Edward H. Fletcher, 1852).
  • Commissioners 1849: Great Britain. Reports from Commissioners: Nine Volumes. (2.) Colonial Land and Emigration, &c. Session 1 February – 1 August 1849. Vol. XXII (1849).
  • Commons 1851: Great Britain. House of Commons. Accounts and Papers: Thirty Volumes. (26.—Part I.) Session 4 February - 8 August 1851. Piracy; Slave Trade; Vol. LVI.—Part I. (pub. 1851)
  • Jackson: St. Helena: The Historic Island, by E.L. Jackson (New York: Thomas Whittaker, 1905).
  • SHF: The St. Helena Foundation, Box 103, SE-37011, Backaryd, Sweden; online at, John Ekwall, webmaster (accessed 2015-05-16, 2015-07-05)
  • SHII: Saint Helena Island Info (accessed 2015-06-28ff).

Please note: Some articles contain language and characterizations which may have been in common use at the time the articles or stories were written, but which are no longer acceptable. Such language and chartacterizations do not reflect the opinions of the compiler or web site owner.

1849-1850: List of the Officers of the St. Helena Regiment:

  • Format: Rank Name; Rank in the Regiment; Rank in the Army.
  • Lieut. Col. John Ross; 6 Feb. 1846; Col. 9 Nov. 1846.
  • Major Henry Edward O'Dell; 30 Aug. 1843; 10 Jan. 1837.
  • Captain Gilbert Woollard; 7 Jan. 1842; 27 Mar. 1840.
  • Captain George Adams Barnes; 7 Jan. 1842; 30 Oct. 1840.
  • Captain James Keating; 30 Aug. 1843; —.
  • Captain James Piggott; 15 Mar. 1844; Major 9 Nov. 1846.
  • Captain C.H. Marechaux; 14 June 1844; 5 Aug. 1842.
  • Lieutenant William Forbes Macbean; 7 Jan. 1842; —.
  • Lieutenant Thomas Jones; 7 Jan. 1842; —.
  • Lieutenant Frederick Rice Stack; 7 Jan. 1842; —.
  • Lieutenant Henry Robert Cowell; 6 June 1845; 1 Mar. 1844.
  • Lieutenant Joseph Hayes; 17 Aug. 1848; Adjutant.
  • Lieutenant John Henry Prenderville; 18 Aug. 1848; —.
  • Ensign John Gandy; 21 Mar. 1845; —.
  • Ensign Robert Alex. Loudon; 16 Sept. 1845; —.
  • Ensign John Denham Saunder; 14 Apr. 1846; —.
  • Ensign Wm. Henry Hole; 26 May 1848; —.
  • Ensign Rich. Williams Thomas; 18 Aug. 1848; —.
  • Adjutant Joseph Hayes; 30 Dec. 1845; Lieut. 17 Aug. 1848.
  • Quartermaster William Miller; 7 Jan. 1842; —.
  • Surgeon John Wardrop Moore; 7 Apr. 1843; 10 Feb. 1843.
  • Assistant-Surgeon John Mullins; 13 Oct. 1843; —.
  • Facings buff.
  • Agent, Sir John Kirkland.

Source: Great Britain. War Office. A List of the Officers of the Army and of the Corps of Royal Marines, on Full, Retired, and Half-Pay; with an Index, corrected throughout to the 31st March 1849, 1849-50 (London: W. Clowes & Sons, 1849), pg. 333.

1849-02-13: Conveyance of 154 liberated Africans from St. Helena to Jamaica, by the Tuscan. (Commissioners 1849, pg. 68)

1849-02-24: Death: At James' Town, St. Helena, on the 24th of February, Ensign John Gandy, of the St. Helena Regiment, aged 25, second and beloved son of John Gandy, Esq., of this town [Kendal]. (BNA: Westmorland Gazette, 5 May 1849)

1849-02-27: Conveyance of 210 liberated Africans from St. Helena to Jamaica, by the Tropic. (Commissioners 1849, pg. 68)

1849-03: Church lands were conveyed to the Bishop in Cape Town. (SHF)

1849-03-12: Conveyance of 319 liberated Africans from St. Helena to Trinidad, by the Bathurst; one passenger died during the voyage. (Commissioners 1849, pg. 68)

1849-03-14: Birth: March 14, at Jamestown, St. Helena, the lady of Lieutenant Macbean, of the St. Helena regiment, of a daughter. (BNA: Freeman's Journal, 24 May 1849)

(From the New Bedford Mercury of Thursday.)
  A Slaver Captured.——Capt. Pope, of the whaling bark Jasper, arrived at this port yesterday, last [sic] from St. Helena, has favored us with the following report:——
  "On the 23d March, 1849, arrived at St. Helena, a schooner called the Zenobia, of Baltimore, (for adjudication in the Vice Admiralty Court,) which vessel had been captured by H.B.M. sloop Philomel, on the west coast of Africa, with a cargo of slaves number 550, (33 of whom are females) the vessel being not over 100 tons burthen. She was eleven days on her passage to St. Helena, and lost 10 or 11 of them. These poor creatures were in a perfect state of nudity, and many of them (the women in particular) bearing the brands of a hot iron recently impressed on their breasts; the vessel being so small and the number of negroes so great that it was next to an impossibility to go from one end of the vessel to the other.
  "It appears that when the schooner was dispatched by the Philomel, she was about giving chase to an American brig which had just gone into port on the coast of Africa, suspected for the purpose of taking on board a cargo of negroes. It is only lately that a brig has been brought to St. Helena with upwards of 800 slaves on board; her name was Harriet, lately of Philadelphia, and commanded by Captain Thomas Duling, who had sold the vessel at Ambrez to a Brazilian, leaving his crew, (Americans) 8 in number, on board to shift for themselves, and being unable to get away from the coast were obliged to remain in the vessel, and were captured by H.B.M. sloop Cygnet.
  "These seamen have given the Consul of St. Helena a faithful account of their ill treatment by Captain Duling, and have been provided with vessels to get away from the Island. At the time the Harriet was boarded by the Cygnet's boats, she had the American flag flying at the peak, and in consequence of the brig firing upon the boats one of the American seamen was shot in the shoulder, and is now in the hospital at St. Helena, under medical treatment.
  "Also lying in the harbor of St. Helena, a slave vessel condemned, formerly the bark California of Boston."

Source: The African Repository and Colonial Journal, Vol. XXV (Washington: C. Alexander, October 1849) pg. 318.

1849-05: Birth: At St. Helena, the lady of Lieutenant Hayes, of the St. Helena Regiment, of a daughter.
(BNA: The Irish Advocate, 23 May 1849).

Note: The birth probably occurred several weeks prior to the publication of this notice.

From the London Gazette.
Friday, May 4.
War Office.
St. Helena Regiment. Quartermaster Serj. W. Cornwell, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Gandy, deceased.
(BNA: London Standard, 5 May 1849)

Military Movements.
  The Euphrates is to convey a draft of the St. Helena regiment from Cowes to St. Helena, in charge of Captain Kirby, of the 94th Regiment, who will join his Regiment in Madras.
(BNA: Hampshire Advertiser, 5 May 1849)

1849-05-08: "St. Helena Regiment, Major John MacDuff, from the 40th Foot, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, by purchase, vice Brevet-Colonel Ross, who retires." Source: Bulletins and Other State Intelligence for the Year 1849, by Francis Watts (London: Harrison and Son), pg. 608.

Military.——Portsmouth, May 9.
... Euphrates is hourly expected here to embark 60 men of the St. Helena regiment for St. Helena, and the Kent will shortly embark detachments of the 45th and 91st regts. for the Cape of Good Hope.
(BNA: London Daily News, 11 May 1949)

Naval Intelligence.——Portsmouth, May 27.
... The Euphrates freight ship, in Cowes Road, embarks a detachment of the St. Helena Regiment on the 29th inst., for that island. (BNA: Reading Mercury, 2 June 1849)

1849-06: Civil registration of births, marriages and deaths commenced.
(SHF, 2015-05-16)

Friday's London Gazette.
War-Office, June 8.
  St. Helena Regiment——Major John Mac Duff, from 40th Foot, to be Lieut.-Col., by purchase, vice Brevet-Col. Ross, who retires; Lieut. W. Forbes Macbean to be Captain, without purchase, vice Brevet-Major Piggott, who retires upon full-pay; Ensign R.A. Loudon to be Lieut., without purchase, vice Macbean; James Scott Helps, Gent. to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Loudon.
(BNA: Hampshire Telegraph, 9 June 1849)

1849-06-13: The Army. ... Colonel Ross, of the St. Helena Regiment, is about to retire from the service by the sale of his commission, and will be succeeded by Major Macduff, of the 40th. (BNA: Tipperary Vindicator, 13 June 1849)

1849-07-23: Publication of the Report of the Select Committee of the House of Lords, appointed to consider the best Means which Great Britain can adopt for the Final Extinction of the African Slave Trade, Session 1849, ordered by the House of Commons to be Printed, 15 February 1850.

Chatham Dockyard, August 2.
  The Meanee, 80 guns, built at Bombay, Acting Commander Inglefield, was towed into this harbour by the Pigmy, an advance steam vessel, on the afternoon of the 1st inst., having a number of invalid soldiers on board from India, ... They proceeded to London the same evening by the 
Coquet steam-boat; and the Queen's troops landed at the dockyard, consisted of [included in a long list of ranks were:] 1 corporal, 7 privates, with 1 child of the St. Helena Regiment. ... (BNA: West Kent Guardian, 4 Aug. 1849)

From the London Gazette of Last Night.
  War-Office, Sept. 11.——St. Helena Regiment——Captain Gilbert Woollard to be Major, by purchase, vice O'Dell, who retires; Lieutenant Augustus Samuel Bolton, from the 31st Foot, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Woollard.
(BNA: Dublin Evening Mail, 12 Sept. 1849)

   "Lieutenant Augustus Samuel Bolton, from 31st Foot, to be Captain [in the St Helena Regiment], by purchase, vice Woollard." Source: Bulletins and Other State Intelligence for the Year 1849, by Francis Watts (London: Harrison and Son), pg. 750.

Saturday, September 15, 1849.
  Important News from the Cape of Good Hope.
  The Inflexible, steam sloop, Commander Hoseason, arrived [at Portsmouth] this morning from the East Indies, and the Cape of Good Hope; bringing most important news from the latter colony [with respect to a proposed penal settlement at the Cape.] ...
  The Brilliant 20, Captain Watson, sailed for the Cape for England, on the same day the Inflexible left, August 2, ...
  The Inflexible left St. Helena, on the 17th and the Brilliant on the 13th August. ...
  The Brilliant left Ascension on the 19th August, and the Inflexible on the 21st.
(BNA: Hampshire Telegraph, 15 Sept. 1849)

  Portsmouth, Sept. 28.——Brilliant, 22, Captain R.E. Watson, arrived this morning from Cape of Good Hope, but brings no news, her despatches having been put on board the Inflexible at St. Helena, and which steamer has some days since arrived. Two non-commissioned officers, 38 privates, 4 women, and 11 children belonging to the St. Helena Regiment have come home in this ship. ... Captain Watson's lady and family have arrived by the Brilliant, which is ordered to Sheerness to be paid off, and will sail this evening. She has had a very long passage, and has had very severe weather these last few days.
(BNA: London Daily News, 29 Sept. 1849)

1849-10-23: Schooner Venuz, nation unknown, master Jozé Antonio Carneiro; ship had a Brazilian ensign; 14 crew on board; detained off the west Coast of Africa; "surveyed by order of Commander Taylor, and afterwards destroyed, as a sufficient crew could not be spared from Her Majesty's steam-sloop Firefly to navigate the vessel to any port;" figure-head brought to St. Helena for adjudication; adjudicated on the 31st December, 1849; vessel pronounced to have been liable to forfeiture at the time of seizure; figure-head condemned and ordered to be sold. (Commons 1851, pg. 131)

1849-11-08: Capture of schooner, name and nation unknown, Antonio Jozé Tavares, master; 13 crew; detained on the west coast of Africa, by David Robertson, Esq., commander, H.M.'s sloop, Cygnet; equipped with hatches with open gratings, spare plank fitted and laid down as a slave-deck, a large number of shackles, bolts, and handcuffs, and other slave equipments; surveyed by order of Commander Robertson, was sunk and destroyed as unseaworthy; part of the figure-head and a shackle were removed and brought to St. Helena; adjudicated on the 24th January, 1850; vessel pronounced to have been liable to forfeiture and condemnation at the time of seizure. (Commons 1851, pg. 134)

1849-11-14: Capture of barque, name and nation unknown, name of master unknown; detained off the west coast of Africa by William Backhouse Monypenny, Esq., commander of H.M.'s sloop, Sealark; after endeavouring to get away from H.M.'s sloop, the ship was run on shore, set on fire, and deserted by her crew; equipped for slave trade; ship was broken up and entirely destroyed after every exertion had been made to get her afloat without success; a spar belonging to the vessel was removed, and brought to St. Helena; adjudicated on the 24th January, 1850; vessel pronounced to have been liable to forfeiture and condemnation at the time of seizure. (Commons 1851, pg. 134)

1849-11-15: Capture of schooner, name and nation unknown, 10 crew; detained off Red Point, on the west coast of Africa, by Richard Robert Quin, Esq., commander of H.M.'s sloop, Waterwitch; equipped for slave trade; ship was in a very leaky condition, and was therefore ordered to be destroyed by fire; a bitt-head and two shackles were removed, and brought to St. Helena; adjudicated on the 28th January, 1850; vessel pronounced to have been liable to forfeiture and condemnation at the time of seizure.
(Commons 1851, pg. 137)

1849-11-27: Capture of Felucca, name and nation unknown, supposed to be the El Golfin, sailing under Brazilian colours; 26 crew; detained off the River Kilongo by Richard Robert Quin, Esq., commander of H.M.'s sloop, Waterwitch; equipped for slave trade; surveyed by order of Commander Quin, and destroyed by fire, being found unseaworthy; figure-head of vessel was removed, and brought to St. Helena for adjudication; adjudicated on the 28th January, 1850; vessel pronounced to have been liable to forfeiture and condemnation at the time of seizure. (Commons 1851, pg. 136)

1849-11-28: Capture of brigantine Casco, nation unknown, with 334 male and 105 female negroes on board; master, Bruce McKenney; sold on the 27th November to M. Eduardo Augusto Deniz, under Brazilian colours by the name of the Suspiraçāo; bound to New York; detained 28th November 1849 off the west coast of Africa, by William Kynaston Jolliffe, Esq., Lieutenant, commanding H.M.'s steam-sloop Pluto; 17 crew on board; fully equipped for the slave trade; arrived at St. Helena under the charge of Mr. Rogers, midshipman, of the Pluto, on the 19th December 1849; 11 of the passengers died en route; adjudicated on the 3rd January, 1850; vessel condemned, and ordered to be broken up and sold. (Commons 1851, pg. 132)

1849-11: The Barnes Road from Jamestown to Francis Plain was completed. Named after Major Barnes who organised the construction work. (SHF)

1849-12-06: Capture of brig, Juliet, nation unknown, Jozé Maria de Carvalho, master, with 24 crew; detained off the west coast of Africa by John Tudor, Esq., Commander of H.M.'s steam-sloop Firefly, H.M.'s steam-sloop, Pluto, being in company at the time of the seizure; equipped for slave trade; by order of Commander Tudor, ship was destroyed by fire; figure-head brought to St. Helena for adjudication; adjudicated on the 7th March, 1850; vessel pronounced to have been liable to forfeiture at the time of seizure; figure-head condemned and ordered to be sold. (Commons 1851, pg. 139)

1849-12-26: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Deos te Salve, Fermino Jozé Xavier Soares, master; 8 crew; detained off the west coast of Africa by Richard Robert Quin, Esq., commander, H.M.'s sloop, Waterwitch; ship was equipped for slave trade; papers included passport dated Rio de Janeiro, 12th May, 1849; arrived at St. Helena on the 11th January, 1850, under the charge of Lieut. Grylls, of H.M. Waterwitch; adjudicated on the 28th January, 1850: vessel condemned and ordered to be broken up and sold.
(Commons 1851, pg. 135)

1849-12-29: The purchase of the Baptist mission house was finally effected for the sum of £550, payable in four years with interest.
(Bertram 1852, pg. 183)

1849-12-01: The total number of liberated Africans landed at St. Helena between the 9th June 1840 and the 1st December 1849 was 15,076. Of this number, 31 were born on the island; 2,775 emigrated to Jamaica, 3,028 to British Guiana, 2,466 to Trinidad, 1,404 to the Cape of Good Hope, 543 to Grenada; 4,760 had died; and 40 remained under the charge of Government at the 1st Dec. 1849. Source: Great Britain. House of Commons. The Reports made for the Year 1849 to the Secretary of State having the Department of the Colonies; in continuation of the Reports annually made by the Governors of the British Colonies, with a view to exhibit generally The Past and Present State of Her Majesty's Colonial Possessions; transmitted with the Blue Books for the Year 1849. Part II (London: W. Clowes and Sons, 1850), pp. 373-4.

1849: Governor Sir Patrick Ross, G.C.M.G. transmitted the annual Blue Book for the colony of St. Helena to Earl Grey, the highlights of which follow:

  • Population nearly 7,000, "being an increase of about 1,500 during the last ten years. There are between 500 and 600 liberated Africans located in the colony."
  • "The Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel Clarke, R.A., commanding the troops, has taken his seat in Council, vice Colonel John Ross, returned to England."
  • Reductions in the Harbour Master's establishment resulted in reduced expenditures.
  • "An additional Sunday school has been established in town, under the auspices of the Rev. Mr. Bertram, a Dissenting minister, at which about 30 to 40 children attend, and it is in contemplation to establish one in Sandy Bay, where a Sunday school is already opened."
  • "The number of vessels touching at the island average 1,000 a-year, but from the falling off in the Customs already noticed, it would appear that during the past year trade has not been so brisk, and may be accounted for by Her Majesty's cruizers from the west coast of Africa not having much frequented the island."

    Source: Ibid., pp. 372-4.

Previous: Timeline for the year 1848.
Next: Postscript: Selected events post-1849.

This page was first published on the 7th July 2015; subsequently edited, 14th July 2015.

Return to St Helena and the St Helena Regiment index page.
Return to Local history timelines index page.

❖          ❖          ❖

© Alison Kilpatrick, 2015. All rights reserved.
Copyright notice

"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

Contact   |   Privacy statement   |   Site map

© Alison Kilpatrick 2014–2019. All rights reserved.