St. Helena: Summary timeline, 1840-1849

... with preliminary notes from 1807-1839, and related entries post-1849.
© Alison Kilpatrick, 2015.

Notes:

  • The timeline on this web page is a summary outline of the detailed entries provided on the pages listed in the sidebar to the right:
  • The main focus in this timeline is the eight-year period, 1842–1849. Preliminary notes are given for the years, 1807-1841, and there is a brief postcript of events post-1849.
  • In this timeline, all events and transactions occurred on the island of St. Helena, and all military references pertain to the St. Helena Regiment, unless otherwise indicated.
  • An asterisk * at the end of an entry indicates that a newspaper article was transcribed and included in the detailed timeline.
  • Abbreviations: SHR = St. Helena Regiment. SHII = Saint Helena Island Info (accessed 2015-06-28ff).

Link to detailed timeline entries for the period 1807–1839

1807-03-27: Slave Trade Act, 47 Geo. III, cap. 36, An Act for the abolition of the slave trade.

1808-1869: The Royal Navy’s West African Squadron seized over 1,600 slave ships and freed about 150,000 Africans.

1833-08-28: Slavery Abolition Act, 3 & 4 Will. IV, cap. 73, An act for the Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Colonies, &c.

1833-08-28: Control of the island of St. Helena passed from the East India Company to the Crown.

1836: H. Doveton was appointed chief clerk in the Colonial Secretary’s office, and W. Wilde was appointed chief justice.

1836-02-24: Arrival of Major-General George Middlemore, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the island of St. Helena, with a garrison of the 91st Regiment.

1839: Vice-Admiralty Court established for the trial of vessels engaged in the slave trade on the western coast of Africa. J.N. Firmin, Queen’s advocate, appointed clerk of the admiralty court in St. Helena.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1840

1840-1849: 15,076 freed slaves, known as liberated Africans, were landed on St. Helena, of which number over 5,000 were dead on arrival or soon afterwards.

1840-03-03: H.M.S. Waterwitch captured a slave ship with 255 slaves on board. Seventy people had been thrown overboard, and forty died of exhaustion soon afterwards. Vessel quarantined due to smallpox.*

1840-03-14: Capture of Cabaca with two slaves on board; vessel condemned by the Vice-Admiralty Court of St. Helena.

1840-03-24: Major-General Middlemore proclaimed the formation of a Court of Vice Admiralty, C.R.G. Hodson, Esq., Judge; W.H. Seale, Registrar; and, Edward Gulliver, Esq., Marshall.

1840-05-28: Capture of Andorinha, with two slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1840-06-10: Capture of Dictador; vessel condemned.

1840-06-12: Capture of Coringa; vessel condemned.

1840-06-14: Capture of boat, with two slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1840-06-14: Capture of Maria Rita; vessel condemned.

1840-06-15: Capture of Andorinha, with one slave on board; vessel condemned.

1840-09-25: Capture of boat, with 16 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1840-10-10: Letter written by R. Gordon, Secretary to the Treasury, to the Commissioners of Customs, re: the arrangements for the reception and disposal of Africans landed from captured vessels.

1840-10-15: The body of Napoleon was removed from St. Helena to Paris.

1840-11-13: Capture of brig; condemned by the Vice-Admiralty Court of St. Helena.

1840-12-02: Capture of brigantine schooner with 245 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1840-12-26: Capture of launch with three slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1840-1845 (or 1849?): Magnetometers installed in Longwood, Napoleon’s former residence, to take meteorological observations.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1841

1841-01-07: Capture of Luiza with 444 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-01-18: Capture of a schooner; vessel condemned.

1841-02-01: Capture of Faisca with one slave on board; vessel condemned.

1841-02-07: Capture of Louise with 420 slaves on board; 82 died on the passage from smallpox and dysentery.

1841-02-08: Capture of Marciana with 341 slaves on board; 61 died from smallpox and dysentery en route to St. Helena; vessel condemned.

1841-02-13: Capture of the Dous d’Avril with one slave on board; vessel condemned.

1841-02-18: Letter written by Governor Middlemore to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, to report want of sufficient, habitable accommodation for liberated Africans brought to St. Helena.

1841-02-24: Capture of Oito de Decembro; vessel condemned.

1841-03-01: From 1840-06-11 to 1841-03-01, 737 Africans remained at St. Helena, 24 had been apprenticed, 1 was unapprenticed, 163 remained on one ship, 293 on the Luiza, and 256 on the Merzianna.

1841-03-09: Capture of Vinte-Quatro de Julho; vessel condemned.

1841-04-03: Capture of Animo Grande; vessel condemned.

1841-04-14: Capture of Euro with 314 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-05-02: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1841-05-04: Capture of Four Launches with thirteen slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-05-08: Letter written by Lord Russell to Governor Middlemore, granting authority to send liberated Africans to the Cape of Good Hope or any other British colony, with the Africans’ consent.

1841-05-11: Capture of Margarita; vessel condemned.

1841-06-01: Capture of Constante; vessel condemned.

1841-06-13: Capture of Boa Nova with 441 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-06-27: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1841-06-30: Capture of Astræ; vessel condemned.

1841-06: Remarks by captain, merchant vessel, that 8 to 10 Portuguese slave ships were brought into St. Helena and condemned.*

1841-07-04: Capture of Triumfo with 105 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-07-06: Capture of Gabriel; vessel condemned.

1841-07-10: Capture of brig with 392 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-08-04: Capture of Carisco with 105 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-08-17: Capture of Anna with 500 slaves on board; description of conditions on the ship and of the Africans; followed by writer’s description of visit to Napoleon’s tomb.*

1841-08-25: Capture of Bella Sociedade; vessel condemned.

1841-09-01: Capture of the Gabriel. 1,600 Africans at St. Helena.*

1841-10-03: Capture of Conceiçao de Maria with 457 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-10-15: Capture of Dous de Fevreiro; vessel condemned.

1841-10-20: Capture of Donna Francisca; vessel condemned.

1841-11: Formation of the Royal St. Helena Regiment.

1841-11-13: Capture of two boats; vessels restored by the Vice-Admiralty Court.

1841-11-18: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1841-12-23: Letter written by Governor Middlemore to the Secretary of State for the Colonies, reporting conveyance of Africans to British Guiana, with details of daily diet and provisions.

1841-12-28: Capture of Dous Amigos with 150 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-12-30: Capture of boat; vessel condemned.

1841-12-31: Capture of Minerva with 505 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1841-12-31: Capture of Felix Triumvirato; vessel condemned.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1842

1842: Population of St. Helena about 5,000.

1842-01-04: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1842-01-06: Appointment of Colonel Hamelin Trelawney as Governor.

1842-01-10: Military promotions, St. Helena regiment: Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Simmonds; Major John Thoreau; Captains Henry Edward O’Dell, Gilbert Woollard, George Adams Barnes; Lieutenants William Caruthers, Frederick Nepean Skinner, James Keating; Ensign and Quartermaster Alexander Imlach; Ensigns William Forbes Macbean, Thomas Jones, Frederick Rice Stack, Robert John Hughes, Andrew Clarke, Thomas Picton Stephens, Charles Richard Butler, George Thompson; Quartermaster: acting Sergeant-Major William Miller.*

1842-01-14: Formation of St. Helena regiment (SHR) at Winchester, consisting of five companies of 75 men each.*

1842-01-18: Twenty volunteers to the SHR from the 45th regiment.*

1842-01-21: Twenty volunteers to the SHR from the 29th and 45th regiments.*

1842-01-21: Capture of boat; vessel condemned.

1842-01-22: New regiment, the SHR, Colonel Simmonds, late Major of the 61st, commanding.*

1842-01-22: Twenty volunteers to the SHR from the 84th regiment.*

1842-01-28: Appointments to the SHR: John Smith Cannon, Ensign; William Smith, Second Class Staff Surgeon; Henry Julian, Assistant Surgeon.*

1842-01-28: Nearly 200 men of the 15th regiment at Woolwich volunteered for the SHR, but twenty only were permitted to enrol their names.*

1842-02-02: Twenty volunteers each for the SHR, from the 29th, 45th, and 84th regiments, were inspected at the Royal Hospital, Dublin; embarked for Liverpool en route to Winchester.*

1842-02-03: Twenty volunteers to the SHR from the 15th regiment.*

1842-02-05: New regiment, the SHR, to be raised at the barracks in Winchester; several detachments had already arrived.*

1842-02-08: Officers present at headquarters in Winchester: Simmonds, Thoreau, O’Dell, Gilbert, Woollard, Carruthers, Skinner, Keating, Imlach, Jones, Stack, Hughes, Stephens, Butler, Thompson, Cannon, Miller, Smith, Julian. Barnes and Macbean on leave.*

1842-02-08: Capture of boat with nine slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-02-08: Capture of boat with fifty slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-02-09: Capture of boat; vessel condemned.

1842-02-10: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1842-02-10: Letter from the Colonial Land and Emigration Office to the Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, suggesting that Lord Stanley instruct the Governor of St. Helena to provide the liberated Africans with a proper supply of clothing and blankets prior to their emigration.

1842-02-12: Letter from Lord Stanley to the Governor, with instructions to provide warm clothing and blankets or rugs to the liberated Africans to be removed from St. Helena.

1842-02-11: Volunteer corporals to have the rank of sergeant in the SHR.*

1842-02-13: Capture of Diligencia with 413 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-02-14: Volunteers to the SHR were arriving daily in Winchester.*

1842-02-15: Colour Sergeant Joseph Brownell ordered to Winchester.*

1842-02-15: Capture of Eugenia with 531 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-02-17: Capture of boat; vessel condemned.

1842-02-18: Capture of Boa Harmonia with 274 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-02-22: Lieutenant Macbean, son of Lieut.-Gen. Sir Wm. Macbean, K.C.B., to join the SHR at Winchester.*

1842-02-26: Letter from T.F. Elliot and the Hon. E.E. Villiers to J. Stephen, Esq., suggesting the use of a dietary scale for Africans emigrating from St. Helena as established for ships sailing from England; also, that the Government should pay for the emigrants’ clothing, not the shippers.

1842-03-07: Parliament approved an increase in the SHR to 430 men.

1842-03-11: The SHR had buff facings.*

1842-03-11: Military promotions: Lieutenant David Douglas Wemyss; Lieutenant W.F. Macbean to be Adjutant.*

1842-03-11: Capture of boat; vessel condemned.

1842-03-12: The SHR to be removed from the barracks in Winchester to the Albany barracks, Isle of Wight.*

1842-03-12: The SHR inspected by Gen. Sir Hercules Pakenham at Winchester.*

1842-03-18: The SHR, raising at Winchester, to be quartered at the Albany barrack, Isle of Wight.*

1842-03-26: The Albany barracks undergoing repair for the reception of about 600 men of the SHR.*

1842-03-30: The SHR to arrive at Portsmouth on Monday, then to be conveyed to the Isle of Wight per the Volcano, to be quartered in Parkhurst barracks.*

1842-04-01: J. Stainforth, Gent. to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Thompson, whose appointment had been cancelled.*

1842-04-01: Arrival of 400 of the SHR at Forton barracks, Gosport.*

1842-04-02: The SHR, under Col. Simmonds, to leave garrison at Winchester, via rail for Southampton.*

1842-04-02: Arrival of Lieut. D. Douglas Wemyss on leave to Dublin.*

1842-04-02: Departure of the SHR for Albany barracks, Newport, Isle of Wight.*

1842-04-06: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1842-04-07: Lieut. D. Douglas Wemyss to embark for England, 8th April.*

1842-04-09: The SHR moved by steam to Cowes, then marched to Parkhurst barracks.*

1842-04-09: Part of the SHR removed from the Royal Clarence Yard, via the Echo, to Cowes.*

1842-04-09: Ensign J. Stainforth on leave from the Isle of Wight.*

1842-04-09: The SHR to be removed from Gosport to Cowes by the Volcano.*

1842-04-09: Capture of Africano; vessel condemned.

1842-04-12: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1842-04-12: Capture of brigantine with 413 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-04-16: The SHR daily increased by recruits; men appear orderly and well disciplined.*

1842-04-22: SHR: Surgeon Michael Fogarty, from the 64th Foot, to be Surgeon, vice Smith, who exchanges.*

1842-04-23: The troop-ship, Resistance, expected from Plymouth; either to embark the SHR to St. Helena, or other troops to the East Indies.*

1842-04-24: The Resistance, Commander Patey, arrived at Plymouth, awaiting orders.*

1842-04-24: Capture of Jenaviva; vessel condemned.

1842-04-28: Capture of Minerva with 126 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-04-29: The Resistance expected to embark the SHR. The regiment was inspected by Major-General Sir Hercules Pakenham.*

1842-04-30: The Resistance fully victualled, expected to embark the SHR.*

1842-05-05: Lieut. Wemyss presented by Col. Wemyss to H.M. Queen Victoria at St. James’ Palace.*

1842-05-06: Thirty-two slave ships captured between 1840-07-03 and 1842-05-06, with 5,139 slaves on board: 1,736 had died, 1,332 conveyed to the Cape of Good Hope, 542 to Demerara, 120 to Jamaica, 201 to Trinidad, 198 apprentice in St. Helena, and 1,010 were awaiting emigration.*

1842-05-06: SHR mustered about 500 men; not quite ready for removal from the Isle of Wight.*

1842-05-07: The Resistance expected to embark the SHR the following week.*

1842-05-07: Miss Neville, eight years old, played the piano at a concert in Newport, with several officers of the SHR in attendance.*

1842-05-14: The Resistance was ordered to proceed to Québec with the 23rd Fusiliers, and afterwards with the SHR to St. Helena.*

1842-05-14: The Chieftain, Captain Pattison, arrrived at St. Helena, to convey liberated Africans to Trinidad.

1842-05-20: The SHR to be reviewed at Newport, Isle of Wight, before quitting England.*

1842-05-21: The Crocodile arrived from Plymouth to embark part of the SHR.*

1845-05-22: The Crocodile arrived, to convey the SHR to their destination.*

1845-05-26: The transport Abercrombie Robinson was expected from Cork, to take a portion of the SHR.*

1842-06: Four ships sailed during the spring, to convey 483 liberated Africans from St. Helena to the West Indies.

1842-06-11: Richard Elliott and Daniel Hyde, privates, were charged with feloniously obtaining groceries in the names of two officers.*

1842-06-11: The SHR expected to embark on the George the Fourth freight ship in about a month.*

1842-06-15: The period of departure of the SHF on the George the Fourth is not as yet determined.*

1842-06-17: The SHR to embark on the George the Fourth, with women and children, mustering about 700.*

1842-06-18: The George the Fourth expected in Plymouth in a few days.*

1842-06-24: The George the Fourth daily expected to take the SHR on board.*

1842-06-27: Capture of the Marianna; vessel condemned.

1842-07-03: Capture of San Jozé; vessel condemned.

1842-07-06: Privates Elliott and Hyde pleaded guilty for obtaining groceries under false pretences; sentenced to three months’ hard labour.*

1842-07-07: Capture of the Oito Decembre; vessel condemned.

1842-07-08: SHR at Albany barracks: officers, 26 sergeants, 10 drummers, 21 corporals, and 356 rank and file.*

1842-07-18: The George the Fourth to proceed to Portsmouth to convey the SHR to St. Helena.*

1842-07-22: SHR: Capt. Hector Straith, from half pay Unattached, to be Captain, vice William Carruthers, who exchanges; Lieut. William Frances Hoey, from the 61st Foot, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Straith, who retires.*

1842-07-22: Capt. H. Straith, to be Major.*

1842-07-22: Capture of Triumfo; vessel condemned.

1842-07-23: The George the Fourth daily expected at Portsmouth.*

1842-07-28: Strength of the regiment: officers, ten sergeants, ten drummers, 600 rank and file.*

1842-07-30: George Young and William Dyer were charged with inducing James Chamberlayne, private, to desert the regiment.*

1842-07-29: The George the Fourth at Spithead, was receiving government biscuit for China, to proceed to Hong Kong after landing the regiment at St. Helena.*

1842-08-01: Capture of Isabel; vessel condemned.

1842-08-04: The Echo, steam tug, embarked the SHR at Cowes, in two trips, and put them on board the George the Fourth at Spithead.*

1842-08-05: The George the Fourth to sail on the evening of the 5th or the next morning.*

1842-08-07: The George the Fourth sailed this morning.*

1842-08-07: Capture of Bella Indianna; vessel condemned.

1842-08-11: Capture of Nossa Senhora da Juda with 63 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-08-13: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1842-08-20: Capture of Eugenia; vessel restored.

1842-08-28: Capture of Gentil Africano; vessel condemned.

1842-09: Death of S. Jones, formerly Anglican chaplain at St. Helena, aged 69.

1842-09-21: Capture of Duqueza de Mindello; vessel condemned.

1842-10-04: Arrival of the SHR, via George the Fourth, at St. Helena.*

1842: The garrison at St. Helena consisted of a battery of Artillery as well as the SHR.

1842-10-14: Capture of Amizade Feliz; vessel condemned.

1842-10-18: Capture of Princeza Dona Francisca alias Maria Carolina; vessel condemned.

1842-11-07: Capture of three boats with 15 slaves on board; vessels condemned.

1842-11-12: Capture of Josefina with 314 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1842-11-16: Arrival of Thomas Worthington King at St. Helena, en route home from China; noted a regiment of the Queen’s troops, “fine looking young men.”

1842-11-17: Birth of son to lady of Captain Hoey, at Newtown lodge, county Wexford.*

1842-11-23: Capture of Somariva; vessel condemned.

1842-11-23: Capture of Flor de Verāo; vessel condemned.

1842: Officers and men of the SHR integrated into Island society. The men had volunteered to serve at least five years with the Regiment. The SHR lived in barracks in Jamestown. (SHII)

1842: Vital statistics for St. Helena for the year included 157 births, 19 marriages, and 119 deaths. Deaths included 16 soldiers and 16 seamen. There were eight schools. Imports totalled £77,815. The island received 814 ships, with 752 outgoing. Land under cultivation or used as pasture amounted to about 7,500 acres. Livestock consisted of 155 horses, 813 horned cattle, 2,779 sheep, and 292 goats.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1843

1843: Officers of the SHR: Lieut.-Col. Henry Simmonds; Major John Thoreau; Captains Henry Edward O’Dell, Gilbert Woollard, George Adams Barnes, Frederick Nepean Skinner, William Francis Hoey; Lieutenants James Keating, Alexander Imlach, William Forbes Macbean (Adjutant), Frederick Rice Stack, and David Douglas Wemyss; Ensigns Robert John Hughes, Charles Richard Butler, John Smith Cannon, John Stainforth; Quartermaster William Miller; Surgeon Michael Fogarty; Assistant-Surgeon Henry Julian.

1843: Extensive repairs to St. James’ church, including new steeple and spire.

1843-01: Commercial regulations permitted U.S. vessels to touch at St. Helena only for refreshments, and not for commerce, with the exception that the U.S. could import goods, only of the growth, produce, or manufacture of the U.S. at a duty of six per cent. The Hanseatic cities enjoyed certain privileges. Dutch vessels were not permitted to import goods of Holland. Public vessels of all nations were exempt only from the port charges for water, boat hire, use of the cranes, clearance fee, and fee for time call.

1843-01-06: Capture of Ventura; vessel condemned.

1843-01-13: Capture of Furia; vessel condemned.

1843-02-03: Death of Ensign Stephens, SHR, drowned in the Conqueror, near Boulogne.*

1843-02-10: Joseph Hayes, Gent. to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Stephens, deceased.

1843: Outbreak of measles, causing considerable mortality. Establishment of a Court of Commissioners for the trial of offences on the high seas. Rapid increase in the price of labour.

1843: Joseph D. Hooker, botanist, visited St. Helena.

1843-03-06: Observations made of the Great Comet of 1843 from the observatory on St. Helena.

1843-04-03: Capture of brigantine with 390 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1843-04-05: Capture of Marie Louise with 145 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1843-04-07: Staff Surgeon of the Second Class John Wardrop Moore to be Surgeon, vice Michael Fogarty, who retired upon half-pay.*

1843-04-26: Explosion of the whaler Diana, the work of an incendiary, while the murder of the captain by the second mate was under investigation.*

1843-04-27: Capture of Almeida; vessel condemned.

1843-05-29: Market established in Jamestown.

1843-06-01: Henry Julian, Assistant-Surgeon, cashiered by sentence of General Court Martial at St. Helena.

1843-06-23: Wreck of the Conqueror, bound from Calcutta to London, off the coast of France. Amongst those killed were Mr. Stephens, SHR, and nine men of the 91st regiment on their way home, as invalids.*

1843-07-01: Description of St. Helena published in the Westmorland Gazette.

1843-07-15: The dollar and doubloon were rated at 4s. 2d. and 64s. respectively, and all other non-sterling coins were demonetised, placing the currency of St. Helena on the same footing as that of the West Indies.

1843-08-04: Assistant Surgeon John Ramsay Brush, M.D., from the 26th Foot, to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Henry Julian.*

1843-08-09: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1843-08-28: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1843-09-23: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1843-09-25: Capture of Almeida; vessel condemned.

1843-10-06: Mrs. Colonel Simmonds presented new colours to the SHR, on which occasion a Grand Ball was given to the Governor and families on the island.*

1843-10-10: J. Mullins, Gent. to be Assistant Surgeon, vice Brush, appointed to the 2nd Dragoons.*

1843-10-13: Death of Sir William Webber Doveton, Knight, of the East India Company, aged 90.*

1843-10-31: Assistant-Surgeon J. Mullins, M.D., on leave.*

1843-11-03: Death of Major Thoreau.*

1843-11-10: Brevet Major Henry Edward O'Dell to be Major, without purchase, vice Thoreau, deceased; Lieutenant Jas. Keating to be Captain, vice O'Dell; Ensign Robert John Hughes to be Lieutenant, vice Keating; Quartermaster-Sergeant John Henry Prenderville to be Ensign, vice Hughes.*

1843-11-29: Prize money paid to the men of H.M. Espoir for the capture of Brazilian brig Helena: Commander Morrell, £242 10s 4d; 1st Class, £119 13s 9d; 2nd Class, £71 16s 3d; 3rd Class, £35 18s 1d; 4th Class, £23 18s 9d; 5th Class, £11 19s 4d; 6th Class, £7 10s 11d; and, 7th Class, £3 10s 9d.

1843-12: Departure of the Salzette with 206 liberated Africans for Jamaica. The voyage featured a mutinous episode, and two births.

1843-12: Death of Lieut.-Col. John Alexander Weight, late Commandant, SHR, East India Company’s Service.*

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1844

1844: Establishment of the Poor Society.

1844: John G. Doveton appointed Treasurer of St. Helena.

1844: Publication of the book, Recollections of the Emperor Napoleon: during the first three years of his captivity on the island of St. Helena: including the time of his residence at her father's house, "The Briars," by Lucia Elizabeth (Betsy) Abell née Balcombe, daughter of William and Jane Balcome. (London: John Murray, 1844).

1844-01-03: Capture of schooner with 248 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1844-01-10: Death of Sir Hudson Lowe, formerly custodian of the Emperor Napoleon on St. Helena.

1844-02-12: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1844-02-24: Departure of 24 rank and file from Newport to St. Helena.*

1844-03-15: Captain James Piggott, from the 26th Foot, to be Captain, vice Skinner, who exchanged.*

1844-03-18: Hawk caught at St. Helena, which had been released from Calcutta on the 21st Nov. 1844.*

1844-03-28: Sir John Franklin, late Lieutenant-Governor of Van Dieman’s Land, arrived at St. Helena, via the Rajah, Captain Fergusson, from Port Phillip, Australia.*

1844-04-20: The brig Comet disappeared from St. Helena Roads.*

1844-05-10: Major O'Dell took command of the St. Helena regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel Simmonds having been placed under arrest by the governor, Colonel Trelawny, of the Royal Artillery, on various charges.*

1844-06: Two frigates took on water at St Helena to transport to Ascension where there was a serious drought.

1844-06-03: Lieutenant-Colonel Simmonds released from arrest, and embarked on passage home to demand a Court of Inquiry.*

1844-06-06: Lieut. D.D. Wemyss returned home on leave.*

1844-06-14: Capt. C.H. Marechaux, from 30th Foot, to be Captain, vice Hoey, who exchanged.*

1844-06-12: The Nautilus transport embarked a detachment of the Royal Artillery, and was procceding to Gravesend to embark a detachment of the SHR for St. Helena.*

1844-07-28: Letter written to the editor of the Times (London) in praise of Captain Tucker’s squadron in the suppression of the slave trade.*

1844-10-07: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1844-10-24: Conveyance of liberated Africans to the West Indies. Plan for removal of Africans liberated at Rio de Janeiro, Loando, and Bona Vista, to Jamaica, Trinidad, and Guiana.*

1844-11-02: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1844-11-28: Lieut.-Col. to embark for his regiment, and resume command at St. Helena, in room of Col. Trelawney, Royal Artillery.*

1844-12: Decision to erect a monument to the crew of the brig Waterwitch, sunk in service of liberating slaves.

1844-12-31: 46th Foot—Lieutenant David Douglas Wemyss, from the St. Helena Regiment, to be Lieutenant, vice Lacy, promoted.

1841-1844: 1,274 emigrant labourers from St. Helena had been introduced to British Guiana.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1845

1845: Founding of the Social Society, similar in purpose to the Mechanics’ and Friendly Benefit Society, and the Poor Society.

1845-01 to 1846-02: Publication of "An Account of the Liberated African Establishment at St. Helena," in seven chapters, by George M'Henry, M.D., C.M.G., in Simmonds's Colonial Magazine and Foreign Miscellany, Vol. V., pp. 172ff, pp. 434ff; Vol. VI, pp. 149ff, pp. 253ff, pp. 428ff; Vol. VII, pp. 16ff, pp. 133ff (London: Simmonds & Ward, Foreign & Colonial Office, 1845-6).

1845-01-04: Capture of brig, supposed Alabes; vessel condemned.

1845-01-05: Capture of Carem; vessel condemned.

1845-03-06: Capture of schooner Virginia, alias Felicidade; had been previously detained by Captain Usher, H.M.’s sloop Wasp; vessel condemned.

1845-03-21: Lieutenant Robert M'Queen, from half-pay 25th Light Dragoons, to be Lieutenant, vice Wemyss, appointed to the 46th Foot; Ensign Charles Richard Butler, to be Lieutenant, by purchase, vice M'Queen, who retires; John Gandy, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Butler.*

1845-04-01: The Hon. George Warren Edwardes appointed Auditor of Accounts, Government of St. Helena.*

1845-04-05: Rescue of Lieut. Wilson and six men belonging to H.M.S. Star, adrift on a raft, by H.M. Cygnet. The slaver prize commanded by Lieut. Wilson had capsized in a white squall, 13th March. Previously, the master of the slaver had retaken his ship from H.M.S. Wasp by murdering all the crew.

1845-05-24: Capture of a Polacca brig by H.M.S. Pantaloon, Mr. Crout, master, under fire and with loss of life.

1845-06: Inaugural edition of the St. Helena Gazette newspaper.*

1845-06-06: Lieutenant Henry Robert Cowell, from 20th Foot, to be Lieutenant, vice Butler, who exchanged.*

1845-06-14: Crew of the Thomas Lawrie, abandoned off Ichiboe, picked up by the Crescent, of Cork, and landed at St. Helena.*

1845-06-21: Subscriptions raised for the Rev. J. M’Gregor Bertram to preach the gospel to the destitute portion of the population of St. Helena.

1845-06-28: Departure of the Rev. Mr. Bertram for St. Helena per the Velox, Capt. James Adams.

1845-06-28: General Order issued by William Jones, Esq., Commander, that crews of vessels resisting lawful visits of her Majesty’s boats would be dealt with according to the laws of war.

1845-07-01: A detachment of 40 rank and file embarked on the Cadet for St. Helena.*

1845-07-05: Capture of brigantine, supposed Beja Flor; vessel condemned.

1845-07-06: From 1st April, 1844 to 6th July, 1845, no fewer than 75 slave ships were captured by the British.*

1845-07-06: Death of Lieut. Horatio F. Elliott, H.M.S. Albatross, while en route to St. Helena.*

1845-07-11: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1845-07-14: Arrival of the Rev. J. M’Gregor Bertram per the Velox, Capt. James Adams, and welcomed by Mr. James Morris of Jamestown.

1845-07-23: Residents subscribed donations for the Rev. Mr. Bertram to bring his family from Cape Town to St. Helena.

1845-07-30: Meeting called to consider the erection or purchase of a mission house for Mr. Bertram’s growing congregation. A large house in the centre of town was purchased for £550 and underwent a program of alteration, repair, and refurbishment.

1845: The colony was provided with two clergymen of the Church of England, one for the colonial residents, and the other for military personnel, both of whom were of the Oxford School.

1845-08-06: Three officers and 45 rank and file embarked at the Isle of Wight, for St. Helena per the Cadet.*

1845-08-12: Mr. Solomons, merchant, sued the Times newspaper for a libel, charging him with putting unwholesome water on board the Moffat. Damages for the plaintiff, £500.*

1845-09-01: John Watson, having deserted, was tried in Mauritius, with others, for turning pirates on the high seas; sentenced to transportation for life.*

1845-09-16: Ensign J. Stainforth to be Lieutenant by purchase, vice Hughes, appointed to the 98th Foot; R.A. Loudon, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Stainforth.*

1845-09-16: Inquest by Mr. T.B. Knipe in the Moon Tavern, on the body of James Emily, a master blacksmith, who threw himself over the side of Ladder Hill. His body was buried in the upper churchyard, Jamestown, without the rites of Christian burial.*

1845-09-24: Capture of Roza, full of slaves, who were relanded; vessel was set on fire and abandoned by her crew.

1845-09-25: Capture of Cacique; vessel condemned. See newspaper account under 1845-10-13.

1845-09-30: Capture of Ligeira; vessel condemned.

1845-10: St. James’ church reopened after undergoing repairs since Jan. 1843.

1845-10: The mission house was completed for services by Rev. Mr. Bertram.

1845: A theatre was opened across the street from the mission-house, but its operations were suspended by pressure from the mission.

1845-10-02: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1845-10-10: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1845-10-13: Letter from one of the crew of H.M.S. Penelope about the capture of slave steamer Cacique.*

1845-10-21: Capture of brig Descrobidor; vessel condemned.

1845-10-24: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1845-10-24: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1845-11-03: Capture of brigantine Isabella; vessel condemned.

1845-11-11: Capture of Brazilian schooner Aquila; vessel decreed by the Vice-Admiralty Court of St. Helena to be restored, but was wrecked on the beach in front of Jamestown during the rollers of 1846-02-16.

1845-11-11: Arrival of captured brig; vessel condemned.

1845-11-17: Capture of Polacca brig; vessel condemned.

1845-11-18: Establishment of the Widows’ and Orphans’ Fund, or the Social Society.

1845-11-22: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1845-12: The Agricultural and Horticultural Society and the St. Helena Volunteer Rifle Corps were established.

1845-12-04: Capture of Brazilian brig Eliza; vessel condemned.

1845-12-18: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Quatro de Março with 572 slaves on board, of whom 540 arrived at St. Helena and 475 were alive at the time the vessel was condemned by the Vice-Admiralty Court of St. Helena.

1845-12-22: Lieut.-Col. Fraser, commanding, inspected the troops in the barrack-square, Jamestown, and next day, the Royal Artillery, with excellent reports given. Orders received to instruct the corps in the use and management of great guns.*

1845-12-24: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned, but was wrecked on the beach in front of Jamestown during the rollers of 1846-02-16.

1845-12-25: Capture of brigantine schooner Eufrazia; vessel was condemned, but it was wrecked on the beach in front of Jamestown during the rollers of 1843-02-16.

1845-12-25: Capture of Brazilian brigantine San Domingo; vessel condemned, but was wrecked on the beach in front of Jamestown during the rollers of 1843-02-16.

1845-12-26: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Esperanza; vessel condemned, but it was wrecked on the beach in front of Jamestown during the rollers of 1843-02-16.

1845-12-26: Capture of Brazilian brig San Lorenzo; vessel condemned, but was taken into her Majesty’s service.

1845-12-26: 540 liberated Africans arrived, of whom 21 died of dysentery and the crowded quarters from which they’d been rescued.

1845-12-26: Birth of a daughter, at Charltoa Kings, to the lady of Captain A.A. Younge.*

1845-12-30: Ensign Joseph Hayes to be Adjutant, vice Lieutenant Macbean, who resigned the Adjutancy only.*

1845: The Civil Establishment of St. Helena consisted of: R.C. Pennell, Colonial Secretary; J.G. Doveton, Colonial Treasurer; J.N. Fermin, acting Queen's Advocate; C.M. Vowell, Colonial Surgeon; and, Lieut.-Col. Hodson, Summary Judge, who was on two years' leave.

1845: The total number of ships touching at St. Helena during 1845 amounted to 1,458, including 33 men of war and 13 slave prizes.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1846

1846: The Baptist mission house was purchased.

1846-01-07: Capture of brig with 549 slaves on board, of whom 527 were delivered to the Collector of Customs, and 466 were alive when the vessel was condemned by the Vice-Admiralty Court.

1846-01-15: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Lobo; vessel condemned.

1846-01-15: Capture of Brazilian schooner; vessel condemned.

1846-01-21: Capture of Emprehendedora; vessel to be restored with costs.

1846-01-24: Fifteen condemned slave ships in the port of St. Helena.*

1846-01-31: Capture of Pacquete de Rio; vessel condemned.

1846-02-06: Lieut. Col. John Ross, from half-pay unattached, to be Lieutenant Colonel, vice Simmonds, appointed to the Ceylon Rifle Regiment.*

1846-02-12: Lieut. Stainforth arrived in England on leave.*

1846-02-14: A draft of the regiment left Newport for St. Helena.*

1846-02-16: Huge waves, or “rollers”, hit the island causing 13 ships anchored off Jamestown bay to be wrecked.

1846-02-17: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Paquete de Rio; vessel condemned.

1846-02-27: Appearance of Capt. Tyrrell, master of the Lady Sale, in Thames Police-court to request investigation into the circumstances under which the Lady Sale had been seized by the Portuguese and condemned as a slave trader.*

1846-03-11: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1846-03-12: Capture of brigantine Clara; vessel condemned.

1846-04-03: John Stainforth to be Lieutenant without purchase.*

1846-04-03: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1846-04-05: Capture of schooner Gaio, under fire; vessel condemned.

1846-04-07: Capture of brig; abandoned by crew and set on fire; vessel condemned.

1846-04-10: Capture of Brazilian brig Gabriel; vessel condemned.

1846-04-14: Ensign John Smith Cannon to be lieutenant, without purchase, vice Stainforth, appointed to the 24th Foot; John Denham Saunder, Gent., to be ensign, vice Cannon.*

1846-04-15: Capture of Felucca; vessel condemned.

1846-04-20: Capture of Galgo, under a severe conflict; vessel condemned.

1846-05-01: Capture of Caxias; vessel condemned.

1846-05-03: Death of Colonel Hamelin Trelawney, Governor of St. Helena; succeeded by Lieut.-Col. George Brodie Fraser, R.A., as acting Governor.

1846-05-08: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1846-05-15: Capt. Keating appointed to command the Cape Town Volunteer Infantry.*

1846-05-19: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1846-06-11: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Emprehendedora; decreed to be restored with costs and damages to the seizor, Thomas Francis Birch, commander, H.M.S. Waterwitch.

1846-06-24: The Court of Commissioners was established for the trial of offences on the high seas.

1846-06-24: Trial in the Vice-Admiralty Court of the crews of the Brazilian slave vessels Gaio and Galgo, for resisting the boats of H.M.S. Wasp and wounding several men. Verdict: guilty; to serve a nominal sentence because they were Brazilian subjects.

1846-06-25: Trial of twenty-two prisoners in the Vice-Admiralty Court on charges of piratically and feloniously shooting on the high seas one George Horwood, seaman, H.M.S. Wasp, with intent to kill and murder him. Verdict: Not guilty.

1846: Rev. Mr. Jamieson, Presbyterian missionary, stopped at St. Helena. He found Rev. J. M’Gregor Bertram suffering from a throat affection.

1846-07-06: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Segunda Conceiçāo de Maria; vessel condemned.

1846-07-06: Capture of schooner (or Brazilian brig); vessel condemned.

1846-07-08: Capture of Brazilian brig Relampago with 545 slaves on board, 504 of whom were delivered to the Collector of Customs, and 468 were alive when the vessel was condemned by the High-Court of Admiralty.

1846-07-13: Letter from the Governor to the Right Hon. W.E. Gladstone re: the estimate for repairs to the wharf, sea walls, &c. due to damages incurred from The Rollers of 1846-02-16.

1846-07-18: Lieut.-Col. J. Ross appointed acting Governor.

1846-07-28: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1846-08-06: A sea serpent was sighted by Mr. Sartoris, midshipman, Lieutenant Edgar Drummond, Captain Peter M'Quhae, Mr. William Barrett, master, and most of the officers and crew of H.M.S. Daedalus, at lat. 24° 44' S., long 9° 22' E., between the Cape of Good Hope and St. Helena.

1846-08-15: Capture of Brazilian schooner Maria; vessel condemned.

1846-09-06: Capture of Vallerozo; vessel condemned.

1846-09-08: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1846-09-08: Capture of brig Dios Ismaas off Ambriz.

1846-09-13: Capture of brig with 546 slaves on board, 539 of whom were delivered to the Collector of Customes, and 518 were alive when the vessel was condemned by the Vice-Admiralty Court.

1846-09-13: Capture of Brazilian schooner Amelia; vessel condemned.

1846-09-13: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Augusta; sank from the effects of shot fired from H.M.S. Kingfisher; pronounced by the Vice-Admiralty Court to have been liable to forfeiture and condemnation.

1846-09-17: Capture of brigantine Rolla; vessel condemned.

1846-09-24: Capture of Brazilian brig Tentaçao; vessel condemned.

1846-09-30: Capture of Isabel; vessel condemned.

1846-10-08: Capture of schooner Mareval Allvoise.

1846-10-09: Capture of brigatine; vessel condemned.

1846-10-14: Capture of brigantine Victoria; condemned.

1846-10-17: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1846-10-17: Capture of brig Genie, off River Fernanyas.

1846-10-21: Capture of brigantine Bonito Porto; vessel condemned.

1846-10-22: Capture of brigantine Aguia or Angle; vessel condemned.

1846-10-23: Capture of Electra; vessel condemned.

1846-11-09: Rank by brevet: Lieutenant Colonel: John Ross, and Captain: James Piggott, both of the SHR.*

1846-11-15: Arrival of Major-General Sir Patrick Ross, G.C.M.G., K.C.B. to assume post of Governor.

1846: 589 British merchant vessels touched at St. Helena during the year. The average passage from Calcutta to St. Helena was 83 days.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1847

1847: Officers in the SHR: Lieut.-Col. John Ross; Major Henry Edward O’Dell; Captains Gilbert Woollard, George Adams Barnes, James Keating, James Piggott, and C.H. Marechaux; Lieutenants Alexander Imlach, William Forbes Macbean, Thomas Jones, Frederick Rice Stack, Henry Robert Cowell, and John Smith Cannon; Ensigns Joseph Hayes (Adjutant), John Henry Prenderville, John Gandy, Robert Alex. Loudon, and John Denham Saunder; Quartermaster William Miller; Surgeon John Wardrop Moore; and, Assistant-Surgeon John Mullins.

1847: New hospital erected, chiefly for the use of the merchant service.

1847: The non-commissioned officers and the men of the SHR contributed a day’s pay each towards the relief of their destitute countrymen in Ireland and Scotland.

1847: The Chinese barracks in Plantation grounds were pulled down, the cut blue stone and other valuable relics preserved in a museum.

1847-01-10: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Telina or Felina; vessel condemned.

1847-01-14: Capture of Constante Almeida; vessel condemned.

1847-02: New colours were presented to the St. Helena Militia.

1847-02-06: Capture of Nictheroy; vessel condemned.

1847-03-18: Capture of Brazilian felucca Saron; vessel condemned.

1847-03-18: Capture of schooner Jupiter, with 317 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1847-03-30: Capture of brigantine, supposed Felicidade; vessel condemned.

1847-04-04: Capture of Brazilian schooner Joanit; vessel condemned.

1847-04-17: Arrival of the beautiful Chinese junk, Keying.

1847-05-24: Capture of Duas Irmaas; vessel condemned.

1847-05-07: The Atholl troop ship, Mr. Pearn, master, to embark from Portsmouth with a detachment of the 45th and St. Helena regiments.

1847-06-06: Capture of Braziliense; vessel condemned.

1847-06-19: Capture of Felucca; vessel condemned.

1847-06-28: A woman of colour, Margaret Clayton, age fifty-one with five children, applied to Worship-street court in London, for a divorce from her husband, whom she married at St. Helena while he was stationed there as a private soldier. She was the daughter of a slave and brought up in slavery. The magistrate had no power to grant the divorce, but directed a warrant officer to try to arrange matters between Mr. and Mrs. Clayton.*

1847-07-09: Capture of Esperto; vessel condemned.

1847-07-09: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1847-07-10: Death of Lieut. Matthew O’Connor, aged forty-seven years.

1847-07-12: Capture of Sāo Sebastāo; vessel condemned.

1847-07-19: Capture of Faisea; vessel condemned.

1847-08: A fire on the premises of Mr. Gigney was extinguished by Town-Major Barnes and troops.

1847-08-06: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1847-08-12: Capture of Adelaide; vessel condemned.

1847-08-12: Capture of Nero; vessel condemned.

1847-08-19: Establishment of the Poor Society.

1847-08-29: Capture of Phoenix; vessel condemned.

1847-09-07: Marriage in Warwickshire, of Joseph Hayes, of the SHR, to Harriet, daughter of John Martin, Esq., Third Dragoon Guards.*

1847-09-08: Unattached—Lieut. A. Imlach, from the St. Helena Regiment.

1847-09-09: Capture of Maria Thereza; vessel condemned.

1847-09-09: Capture of Astura; vessel condemned.

1847-09-10: Unattached—To be Captain, without purchase, Lieutenant A. Imlach, of the SHR.*

1847-09-14: Capture of Attrevida; vessel condemned.

1847-09-30: Between 9 June 1840 and 30 Sept. 1847, St. Helena received 9,133 liberated slaves; twenty-two were born, 2,929 died, and one was missing, presumed drowned; 1,093 emigrated to Jamaica, 2,115 to Guiana, 1,136 to Trinidad, 1,410 to the Cape of Good Hope; 445 were engaged as servants; and 29 remained on the island.

1847-10-02: Capture of Aventureiro; vessel condemned.

1847-10-07: Capture of Venus; vessel condemned.

1847-10-08: Capture of Sappho; vessel condemned.

1847-10-08: Capture of barque; vessel condemned.

1847-10-09: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1847-10-17: Capture of Sylphide; vessel condemned.

1847-10-19: Capture of Quatorze de Novembro; vessel condemned.

1847-10-24: Capture of Heroina; vessel condemned.

1847-10-27: Capture of Rey Bango with 60 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1847-11-03: Capture of Santo Antonio Ditozo; vessel condemned.

1847-11-06: Capture of Eolo; vessel condemned.

1847-11-07: Capture of Izabel; vessel condemned.

1847-11-15: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1847-11-15: Capture of Boa Fé; vessel condemned.

1847-11-20: Capture of Luiza with 650 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1847-11-23: Capture of Conceiçāo; vessel condemned.

1847-11-29: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1847-11-30: There was no Roman Catholic chaplain on the island, and no funds to support or to secure one, as there were for the two Protestant clergymen. The religious duties were discharged, as far as they could be, by a layman, Lieutenant Prenderville, a Catholic officer.

1847-12: By letters patent, St. Helena was included in the Anglican See of Cape Town.

1847-12-01: Capture of brig; vessel condemned.

1847-12-01: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1847-12-11: Capture of Santa Anna; vessel condemned.

1847-12-16: Capture of Gaio; vessel condemned.

1847-12-27: Capture of Cidade d’Angra; vessel condemned.

1847: During the last half year of 1847, the number of liberated Africans was small, and no emigration took place from the island.

1847: Number of British merchant vessels touching at St. Helena was 652; vessels of war, 25; whalers, 3; French vessels, 92; American 73; Dutch, 110; Swedish, 9; other foreign flags, 35; captured slave vessels, 24; for a total of 1,023 vessels during the year. The average time of passage from Calcutta to St. Helena was 79 days.

1847: Population of the island, 5,500. During 1847, there were 99 deaths; 235 treated in hospital; four private societies and one government funded society operating for the benefit of the poor; 290 children receiving educational instruction; and, 288 committed to prison. 932 liberated Africans arrived in the colony. A prison for soldiers was under construction. Mr. Mapleton was the new Summary Judge, and Mr. Mellis, provisional country magistrate.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1848

1848: The establishment kept for the liberated Africans were: Mr. T.B. Knipe, Clerk; C.H. Rawlins, Surgeon; Mr. H. McDaniel, Dispenser of medicines; and, Mr. John Harris, Superintendent of station and storekeeper.

Early 1848: The Rev. Jonathan Wade and his wife, missionaries of the American Baptism Board for Foreign Missions, visited St. Helena for three months.

1848-01-12: Capture of Maria Constancia; vessel condemned.

1848-01-16: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1848-01-21: Capture of Sāo José; vessel condemned.

1848-01-24: Capture of Sylphide; vessel condemned.

1848-01-25: Capture of Adelaide; vessel condemned.

1848-01-26: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1848-02-01: Capture of Importador; vessel condemned.

1848-02-08: Capture of schooner with 48 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-02-09: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1848-02-10: Capture of Pagaseira with six slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-02-12: Conveyance of 90 liberated Africans to Demerara; five died during the voyage.

1848-02-13: Capture of Monareha; vessel condemned.

1848-02-18: Capture of Gentil Africano; vessel condemned.

1848-02-24: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1848-02-28: Capture of Constancia; vessel condemned.

1848-03-03: Louis Rivett Carnac, Gent., to be Ensign, by purchase.*

1848-03-09: Conveyance of 216 liberated Africans to Jamaica; eighteen died during the voyage.

1848-03-13: Capture of Flora; vessel condemned.

1848-03-20: Capture of Nereide with 354 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-03-22: Capture of Cazualidade; vessel condemned.

1848-03-22: Capture of Flor do Marium; vessel condemned.

1848-03-24: Capture of Venus; vessel condemned.

1848-03-25: Capture of Vigilante; vessel condemned.

1848-03-31: Capture of Zefiro; vessel condemned.

1848-04-02: Capture of San Francisco de Boā Fé; vessel condemned.

1848-04-02: Mr. Hudson R. Janisch was ordained to the ministry of the gospel.

1848-04-03: Capture of Princeza Dona Isabel with 275 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-04-07: Capture of Mercurio; vessel condemned.

1848-04-07: Capture of Maria.

1848-05-01: Capture of Mette Māo; vessel condemned.

1848-05-03: Capture of Temerario with 469 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-05-04: Capture of Josephina with 250 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-05-05: Capture of Paquete do Cabo; vessel condemned.

1848-05-11: Capture of Anna Carolina; vessel condemned.

1848-05-14: Capture of Santa Cruz; vessel condemned.

1848-05-14: Conveyance of 203 liberated Africans to Berbice; three died during the voyage.

1848-05-22: Capture of schooner; vessel condemned.

1848-05-25: William Henry Hole, Gent. to be Ensign, by purchase, vice Carnac, whose appointment had been cancelled.*

1848-06-10: Capture of Castro 3; vessel condemned.

1848-06-12: Between 6 April 1847 and 12 June 1848, 2,242 Africans were landed at St. Helena, of whom 1,076 emigrated, 433 died, 63 were engaged as servants on the island, and 670 remained under the charge of Government.

1848-06-13: Conveyance of 334 liberated Africans to Jamaica; fifty-four died during the voyage.

1848-06-18: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1848-06-20: Capture of Marianna; vessel condemned.

1848-06-22: Capture of Thereza; vessel condemned.

1848-06-22: Capture of Brazilian schooner Bella Maria; vessel condemned.

1848-07-05: Capture of brigantine; vessel condemned.

1848-07-09: Capture of Oceano; vessel condemned.

1848-07-11: Capture of Saphira; vessel condemned.

1848-07-15: Capture of Felicidade with 379 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-07-18: Capture of Feliz Sociedade; vessel condemned.

1848-07-26: H.M.S. Devastation shipped forty volunteers from the SHR to serve in other regiments at home.

1848-07-28: Capture of Nova Rosa with 29 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-08-05: Capture of Polka with 29 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-08-12: Conveyance of 390 liberated Africans to British Guiana; ten died during the voyage.

1848-08-12: Letter of thanks to Governor Ross, signed by Benjamin Vemba, John  Marsch, and James George, on behalf of the liberated Africans.

1848-08-18: To be Lieutenant, without purchase, John Smith Cannon, from the SHR. Ensign and Adjutant Joseph Hayes to have the rank of Lieutenant; Ensign John Henry Prenderville to be Lieutenant, vice Cannon, appointed to the 96th Foot; Richard Williams Thomas, Gent., to be Ensign, vice Prenderville.*

1848-08-19: Capture of Tentador; vessel condemned.

1848-08-22: Death of the youngest son of the Rev. J. M'Gregor Bertram. 

1848-08-23: Capture of Gaia; vessel condemned.

1848-08-31: Capture of barque; vessel condemned.

1848-09-06: Capture of brig with 427 slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-09-15: Capture of schooner with seven slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1848-09-18: Capture of Josefa; vessel condemned.

1848-09-19: Capture of Bom Destino; vessel condemned.

1848-09-28: Conveyance of 309 liberated Africans to Jamaica; forty-six died during the voyage.

1848-10-03: Capture of Phenix; vessel condemned.

1848-10-04: Capture of New Packet; vessel condemned.

1848-11-21: Capture of Meteoro; vessel condemned.

1848-11-21: Conveyance of 230 liberated Africans to Demerara; twenty died during the voyage.

1848-11-25: Daily pay for ranks in the SHR: Lieut.-Col., 17s.; Major, 16s.; Captain, 11s. 7d.; Lieutenant, 6s. 6d.; Second Lieutenant and Ensign, 5s. 3d.; Regimental, Corporal, and Sergeant-Majors, 1s. 8d. to 4s.; Sergeant-Major, 2s. 4d. to 3s. 6d.; Sergeant, 1s. 2d. to 2s. 6-1/4d.; Trumpet-Major and Drum-Major, 1s. 3-1/2d. to 2s. 9d.; Corporal, 1s. 4d.; Private, 1s.

1848-12: Death of Elizabeth Warren, wife of Major O’Dell, after giving birth to a stillborn son.*

1848-12-12: Capture of Vengador; vessel condemned.

1848-12-29: Capture of Atrevida; vessel condemned.

1848: Population of the island, 5,500. Deaths during the year, 95; births, 215. Number of vessels arriving, 949, including 577 merchant vessels. Number of liberated Africans landed at St. Helena between 5 April 1847 and 31 Dec. 3,519, of whom 1,240 died; emigration to Jamaica 859, British Guiana 923, Trinidad 236, and the Cape of Good Hope 38.

Link to detailed timeline entries for the year 1849

1849: Officers of the SHR: Lieut.-Col. John Ross; Major Henry Edward O’Dell; Captains Gilbert Woollard, George Adams Barnes, James Keating, James Piggott, and C.H. Marechaux; Lieutenants William Forbes Macbean, Thomas Jones, Frederick Rice Stack, Henry Robert Cowell, Joseph Hayes (Adjutant), and John Henry Prenderville; Ensigns John Gandy, Robert Alex. Loudon, John Denham Saunder, William Henry Hole, and Richard Williams Thomas; Quartermaster William Miller; Surgeon John Wardrop Moore; and, Assistant-Surgeon John Mullins.

1849-02-13: Conveyance of 154 liberated Africans to Jamaica.

1849-02-24: Death of Ensign John Gandy, aged twenty-five.*

1849-02-27: Conveyance of 210 liberated Africans to Jamaica.

1849-03: Church lands were conveyed to the Bishop in Cape Town.

1849-03-12: Conveyance of 319 liberated Africans to Trinidad; one died on the voyage.

1849-03-14: Birth of a daughter to the lady of Lieut. Macbean.*

1849-03-23: Capture of schooner Zenobia, out of Baltimore, with 550 slaves on board. Recent capture of the brig Harriet, out of Philadelphia, with 800 slaves on board. Also lying in the harbour was the bark California, of Boston.*

1849-05: Birth of a daughter to the lady of Lieut. Hayes.*

1849-05-04: Quartermaster Serj. W. Cornwell, to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Gandy, deceased.*

1849-05-05: The Euphrates to convey a draft of the SHR from Cowes to St. Helena, in charge of Captain Kirby, 94th Regiment, who was going to join his Regiment in Madras.*

1849-05-08: Major John MacDuff, from the 40th Foot, to be Lieutenant-Colonel, SHR, by purchase, vice Brevet-Colonel Ross, who retired.

1849-05-09: The Euphrates expected to embark 60 men of the SHR, at Portsmouth, for St. Helena, and the Kent to embark detachments of the 45th and 91st regiments for the Cape of Good Hope.*

1849-05-27: The Euphrates to embark a detachment of the SHR on the 29th May.*

1849-06: Civil registrations of births, marriages, and deaths commenced.

1849-06-08: Major John Mac Duff, from 40th Foot, to be Lieut.-Col., by purchase, vice Brevet-Col. Ross, who retired; Lieut. W. Forbes Macbean to be Captain, without purchase, vice Brevet-Major Piggott, who retired upon full-pay; Ensign R.A. Loudon to be Lieut., without purchase, vice Macbean; James Scott Helps, Gent. to be Ensign, without purchase, vice Loudon.*

1849-06-13: Retirement of Lieut.-Col. Ross expected; to be succeeded by Major Macduff, 40th Regiment.*

1849-07-23: Publication of the Report by the Lords Committees appointed a Select Committee to consider the best Means which Great Britain can adopt for the Final Extinction of the African Slave Trade, Session 1849, ordered by the House of Commons to be Printed, 15 February 1850.

1849-08-02: The Meanee landed one corporal, seven privates, and one child, from St. Helena, at the dockyard in Chatham.*

1849-09-11: Captain Gilbert Woollard to be Major, by purchase, vice O'Dell, who retired; Lieutenant Augustus Samuel Bolton, from the 31st Foot, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Woollard.*

1849-09-15: The Inflexible arrived at Portsmouth, having departed St. Helena, 13th August.*

1849-09-28: Two non-commissioned officers and 38 privates, of the SHR, with 4 women and 11 children arrived at Portsmouth, via the Inflexible.

1849-10-23: Capture of schooner Venuz; vessel condemned.

1849-11-08: Capture of a schooner; vessel condemned.

1849-11-14: Capture of a barque; vessel condemned.

1849-11-15: Capture of a schooner; vessel condemned.

1849-11-27: Capture of Felucca; vessel condemned.

1849-11-28: Capture of brigantine Casco with 334 male and 105 female slaves on board; vessel condemned.

1849-11: The Barnes Road from Jamestown to Francis Plain was completed.

1849-12-06: Capture of brig Juliet; vessel condemned.

1849-12-26: Capture of Brazilian brigantine Deos te Salve; vessel condemned.

1849-12-29: Purchase of the Baptist mission house was finally effected for the sum of £550, payable in four years with interest.

1849-12-01: The total number of liberated Africans landed at St. Helena between the 9th June 1840 and the 1st December 1849 was 15,076. Of this number, 31 were born on the island; 2,775 emigrated to Jamaica, 3,028 to British Guiana, 2,466 to Trinidad, 1,404 to the Cape of Good Hope, 543 to Grenada; 4,760 had died; and 40 remained under the charge of Government at the 1st Dec. 1849.

1849: Population nearly 7,000, including about 500-600 liberated Africans. The Hon. Lieut.-Col. Clarke, R.A., commanding the SHR, vice Col. John Ross, who returned to England. An additional Sunday school had been established in Jamestown, under the auspices of the Rev. Mr. Bertram, Dissenting minister. The number of vessels touching at the island averaged 1,000 a-year, having fallen off probably as a result of Her Majesty’s cruizers from the west coast of Africa not having much frequented the island.

Link to detailed timeline entries post-1849

1850-02-18: Farewell services were conducted at the Baptist mission house, as the Rev. J. M'Gregor Bertram prepared to take leave for a season.

1850-08-28: Death of Major-General Sir Patrick Ross, G.C.M.G., K.C.B.*

1850-11-18: Death of Lieut.-General Middlemore, former Governor of St. Helena, at Tunbridge Wells.*

1863-06-22: The St. Helena Regiment would be absorbed by the gradual draught of the men into other regiments.

1865: The SHR, raised in Winchester about twenty years earlier, was expected to return to Winchester, numbering about 200 men, to be disbanded.*

2012-03-09: British archaeologists unearthed a slave burial ground containing an estimated 5,000 bodies on St. Helena.*

Next: References consulted to compile these timelines.

This page was first published on the 7th July 2015; subsequently edited, 13th July 2015.

Return to St Helena and the St Helena Regiment index page.
Return to Local history timelines index page.

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© Alison Kilpatrick, 2015. All rights reserved.
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"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

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