1840: Timeline for the 45th Regiment of Foot

Notes:

  • Sources are provided within (round brackets).
  • Please refer to Abbreviations for full citations of sources.

1840-01-28: Thomas Jarvis, of Leicester, deserted.
(BNA: Leicester Journal, 21 Feb. 1840)

1840-04-04: It was reported that, as a reward for the services of the 45th Regiment of Foot, during the Chartist riots at Newport, it is the intention of Government to make them a light infantry regiment, and for that purpose they are ordered to Woolwich, to make themselves proficient in their military duties.”
(
BNA: Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 4 April 1840)

1840-04-24: Privates Walker, Cunningham, and Waugh were tried by court martial, for selling boots to an old man named Perry, in Pillgwenlly: sentenced to forty days’ imprisonment, with hard labour. (BNA: Nottingham Review and General Advertiser, 24 April 1840)

1840-04-15: Two companies of the 45th, under Brevet Major Stack, replaced the 12th depot at Brecon.(BNA: Freeman’s Journal, 15 May 1840)

1840-05-12: Twenty soldiers of the 45th engaged in a fight with some townsmen in Chippenham, and were confined to the guard-house the next day. In another incident, two soldiers were apprehended for robbing a countryman. Next day, an inhabitant of Monmouth wrote a pointed letter to the editor of the Northern Star newspaper, complaining of the “dishonesty and blackguardism” of the miscreants. In contrast, on the eve of the departure of the regiment for Belfast in August, Mr. Homfray, of Bedwelty, expressed the hope that “the orderly conduct of the men in barracks would endear them to the inhabitants of Newport and the county of Monmouth.” (BNA: Gloucestershire Chronicle, 23 May 1840; Northern Star and Leeds General Advertiser, 30 May 1840)

1840-05-25: As one of his last acts as commanding officer in South Wales, Colonel Considine remitted a sentence of 150 lashes to a private soldier, who had been convicted for gross disrespect towards one of his officers. (BNA: Bristol Mercury, 30 May 1840)

1840-05-30: A small detachment of the 45th, invalids, arrived at Gravesend, to join the depot, prior to embarkation for Ireland. (BNA: Kentish Gazette, 2 June 1840)

1840-06-01: A case, tried at Swansea, confirmed that, under the Mutiny Act, officers in uniform or undress were exempt from the payment of turnpike polls. (BNA: Sherborne Mercury, 1 June 1840)

1840-06-09: Capt. Hurd’s company of the 45th marched to Usk, from whence they proceeded to Newport next day. The editor of the Bristol Times and Mirror admonished them not to “embroil themselves with, or purposely insult the civilians of the next town in which they may be stationed; and that when they belong to a light infantry regiment they may conduct themselves more orderly and soldier-like than when at Monmouth. The officers are deserving of better men.” (BNA: Bristol Times and Mirror, 20 June 1840)

1840-06-12: Death of Major Elliot Armstrong at Monmouth, from typhus, aged 33 years. (BNA: Kentish Gazette, 16 June 1840)

1840-07-22: G. Worthington was committed to Herefordshire county gaol, charged with deserting the 45th.
(BNA: Hereford Journal, 22 July 1840)

1840-08-08: More than forty privates of the 45th were confined in Bristol gaol. (BNA: Bristol Times and Mirror, 8 Aug. 1840)

1840-08-12: John Rackley was committed to Newcastle gaol as a deserter from the 45th. (BNA: Staffordshire Gazette, 15 Aug. 1840)

1840-08-19: Thomas Wall, alias James Cavenagh, and Richard Wilkes were charged with stealing two smock frocks at the Hardwicke, residence of Col. Powell, and with deserting the 45th. (BNA: Hereford Journal, 19 Aug. 1840)

1840-08-29: The 45th was under orders for Belfast. The corporation and inhabitants of Newport gave the officers to a farewell dinner in the ball-room of the King’s Head Inn, at which the band played national airs and the march of the regiment. The officers intended giving a farewell ball to the ladies of the neighbourhood on the 1st September. (BNA: London Standard, 29 Aug. 1840; Bristol Mercury, 29 Aug. 1840; Morning Chronicle, 2 Sept. 1840)

1840-09-08: A detachment of the 45th, under Capt. Kyle, arrived at Chester, departing for Birkenhead next day, for embarkation from that place to Belfast. (BNA: Chester Chronicle, 11 Sept. 1840)

1840-09-10 or -11: Arrival of the first division of the 45th at Belfast. (BNA: Dublin Evening Mail, 14 Sept. 1840)
... Compare with
: About 100 men, under Capt. Kyle, arrived on Thursday*, on board the Athlone, from Liverpool. (BNA: Morning Post, 19 Sept. 1840, citing a Belfast paper) *This was either the 10th or the 17th, but probably the first date, given the time required to transmit this information to London.

1840-10-09: Arrival of H.M. Albion at Belfast, bearing the head-quarter division of the 45th. Despatch of Capt. Kyle’s company to Carrickfergus. (BNA: Dublin Evening Mail, 9 Oct. 1840)

1840-10-10: Arrival at Belfast of a company under Capt. Cooper. (BNA: Morning Post, 15 Oct. 1840)

1840-10-23: Arrival of the steamer, Shannon, at Belfast, out of Cardiff, of the remaining companies of the 45th, numbering about 700 men, under Major Montgomery. The party consisted of either older men, or raw recruits. (BNA: Vindicator, 28 Oct. 1840; Manchester Courier, 31 Oct. 1840)

1840-10-28: Major-General Sir Thomas Pearson, K.C.B., inspected the 45th on the parade ground of the infantry barracks in Belfast. The strength of the corps was 43 sergeants, 13 drummers, and 631 rank and file. (BNA: Dublin Evening Packet, 31 Oct. 1840)

1840-10-31: Richard Wilson was tried for fraudulently obtaining from John Dunn, Sergeant, one shilling of enlistment money at Lisburn, he being an apprentice; pleaded guilty, and was discharged. (BNA: Belfast News-Letter, 3 Nov. 1840)

1840-10-31: Death of Major Stack, a native of county Kerry, from a chill caught by exposure, at the age of 53. (BNA: Freeman’s Journal, 5 Nov. 1840; History, pg. 148)

1840-11-18: It was rumoured that the 45th was one of the first on the list for foreign service. (BNA: Freeman’s Journal, 18 Nov. 1840)

1840-11-27: Lieut.-General Sir Edward Blakeney, K.C.B., inspected the 45th in the garrison of Belfast. The strength of the regiment was 5 field officers, 8 captains, 19 subalterns, 5 staff, 40 sergeants, 13 drummers, and 670 rank and file. (BNA: Northern Whig, 1 Dec. 1840)

1840-12-12: The soldiers of the 45th attended the circus, then performing in Belfast. (BNA: Northern Whig, 12 Dec. 1840)

1840-12-19: Ten soldiers of the 45th volunteered for the 22d, and proceeded to Dublin. (BNA: Freeman’s Journal, 19 Dec. 1840)

1840-12-23: Sudden death of Lieut.-General Sir William Henry Pringle, G.C.B., Colonel of the 45th regiment, in London.
(BNA: Morning Post, 25 Dec. 1840)

Please cite your sources.

News transcripts for the year, 1840

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