Timeline for the parish of Kilcolman (Clanmorris), co. Mayo, 1792-1822

This timeline is a work-in-progress.

1792-01-10: Declaration of the Roman Catholics of Clanmorris, that their sentiments were in perfect accordance with the Address which the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Kenmare had lately presented to Government [in support of a Catholic Relief Bill]. Source: "Declaration of the Roman Catholics of Clanmorris," in the Dublin Evening Post, 10 January 1792. Digital copy online at The British Newspaper Archive (BNA), online at www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk (accessed 2015-05-09, by subscription); transcribed by A. Kilpatrick. Please cite your sources.

1793-06-15:  Birth of James Browne, eldest son of the Hon. Denis Browne, of Claremorris, and Anne, daughter of Ross Mahon, Castlegar, county Galway. The Browne family were political heavyweights in the county of Mayo. Young James was educated at Eton (1808), Trinity College, Dublin (1811), and Cambridge (1813). He assumed the seat for the county Mayo in the House of Commons in 1818. James' cousin was the 2nd Marquess of Sligo. Source: "Browne, James (1793-1854), of Claremont House, co. Mayo," in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons, 1820-1832, ed. by D.R. Fisher (Cambridge University Press, 2009); online at The History of Parliament, www.historyofparliamentonline.org (accessed 2015-05-08).

1798 Rebellion: After a period of increased religious toleration, the failure of the Rising heralded "the era of landlordism, and throughout this time Ireland was owned and governed by the Protestant ascendancy." [1] Mount St. Michael, built by the Kirwan family in the late 18th century, was "taken over by Denis Browne, the 'hanging sheriff' of Claremorris. [2] 
Sources: [1] Josten, Stephen. Ballinasmale Carmelite Abbey, 1288–1870. Ballinasmale Abbey Conservation Committee, 16 July 1984. pg. 21. [2] Ireland by Region: Claremorris, hosted by JustPerfectIT, online at www.irelandwide.com (accessed 2015-05-08). This entry is a work-in-progress.

1800-01-01: The Acts of Union of Ireland and the United Kingdom, 40 Geo. III, cap. 38. Denis Browne (?1760-1828), of Claremorris, also known as "Fat Denis," sat in the newly constituted Parliament for the county Mayo.
Source: "Browne, Hon. Denis, (?1760-1828), of Claremorris, co. Mayo," in The History of Parliament, op. cit.

1800-08-05: His Majesty granted the dignity of Baron Clanmorris of Newbrook to John Bingham, Esq., under the Great Seal of this kingdom.
Source: "From the London Gazette, August 5," in the Sherborne Mercury, 11 August 1800. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-05-09).

1802: James M'Parlan published a statistical survey of the county of Mayo. The survey touched on the following subjects for the barony of Clanmorris: agriculture, farm houses, habitation of the poor, fields and drainage, population, prices of labour and provisions, state of roads and bridges, fisheries, education and schools, absentee and resident proprietors, circulation of money or paper, manufacture of linen, plantations and nurseries, bog and waste ground, habits of industry, use of the English language, towers and castles, monasteries, and weights and measures.
Source: M'Parlan, James. Statistical Survey of the County of Mayo. Dublin: Graisberry and Campbell, 1802.

1806: Marriages, recorded in the Roman Catholic parish records for the parish of Kilcolman (Clanmorris), survive from this date.

1808-10: Martin Kirwan, Esq., of Dalgin, and Mrs. Mary Kirwan, of Claremont, offered several parcels of land, formerly held by Patrick Kirwan, Esq., lately deceased, to let from the 1st November. These parcels included: the dwelling-house, offices, orchard, garden, and demesne lands of Claremont, near Claremorris, 179 acres 1 rood 39 perches, the moor and mountain to Claremont, 17 acres 1 rood 38 perches, plantations of 12 acres 2 roods 38 perches, and bogs; Castlegar Farm, near Claremorris, 80 acres 33 perches; Cartoonacrossa, near Claremorris, 112 acres 2 roods; Carrowbeg and Carrowmore, arable, meadow, bottom, and mountain, 310 acres 3 roods 37 perches; Cloongawnagh, arable, bottom, meadow, and moory ground, 134 acres 1 rood 16 perches; and other parcels. Source: "Counties of Mayo and Galway," in the Dublin Evening Post,  8 Oct. 1808. BNA (accessed 2015-05-09).

Early 1800s: The Ballinasmale Carmelites ran a hedge-school "of sorts."
Source: Josten, Ballinasmale Carmelite Abbey, 1288–1870, op. cit., pg. 25.

1810-02: Thomas Patrick French, Esq., of Ballykinava, offered to let, from the 25th March, "the house and demesne of Ballikinava, containing 131 acres; besides 40 acres of pasturable bog;" and other lands, consisting of "good meadow, fattening and tillage lands," at Cloonanerkbeg, Ballinamona, and Belelcarra, within two miles of Claremorris. Source: "Co. Mayo.—To be Let," in the Dublin Evening Post, 15 February 1810. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-05-09).

1810-04: The joint estate of Sir Robert Lynch Blosse, Bart. and Martin Kirwan, Esq. offered several parcels of land to let from the 1st May. These parcels included village land in Kilcolman and also in Kilteboe [Cuiltybo]; the Commons of Meelick, held by the late Peter Lynch, Esq.; and others. Source: "Co. Mayo.—To be Let," in the Dublin Evening Post, 24 April 1810. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-05-09).

1815-02-24: Messrs. Patrick, Henry Edward, and Andrew C. Lynch advertised 250 acres in the townland of Murneen (along with eight similar parcels in the counties of Mayo and Galway), for let from the 1st May. The acreage in Murneen was described as "in high condition, and heart, well inclosed, and divided with stone walls, and good ditches, ... and as good Sheep Grounds as are in the Country, and remarkable for rearing Young Cattle; uniformly good for Tillage, of all descriptions, particularly Wheat and Flax." Source: "Counties of Galway and Mayo," in the Dublin Evening Post, 16 March 1815. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-05-09).

1817-04: The candidates for county Mayo in the pending general election were Mr. Browne and Mr. Kirwan. The great "aristocratic" interests in the county were "those of Lord Sligo, Lord Dillon, Lord Lucan, Lord Clanmorris, Lord Clonbrock, Lord Tyrawly, Mr. Kirwan, (the Independent Candidate) Sir Neal O'Donel, and Sir S. O'Malley." Source: "General Election. County Mayo," in the Dublin Evening Post, 22 April 1817. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-05-09).

1817-07: T.P. French, Esq., offered the townland of Ballinsmally, near Clare, to let, "for the King's life, at £40 per annum." Source: "Baronies of Clanmorris and Gallen," in the Dublin Evening Post, 5 July 1817. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-05-09).

1817: On behalf of the Trustees of the Linen and Hempen Manufactures of Ireland, Mr. Peter Bresnard conducted a survey of the state of the industry following a tour of inspection of the provinces of Leinster, Munster, and Connaught. The results were published by the Linen Board, including those for the town of ClaremorrisSource: Linen Board. Minutes of the Trustees of the Linen and Hempen Manufactures of Ireland, containing the Report of a Tour of Inspection through the provinces of Leinster, Munster & Connaught by Mr Peter Besnard, Inspector General of those provinces. Dublin: W. Folds and Sons, 1817.

1818: Owing to ill health, Denis Browne, of Claremorris, Esq. vacated his seat in Parliament, which seat was filled by his son, James Browne (1793-1854), with the support of his cousin, the 2nd Marquess of Sligo. Source: "Browne, Hon. Denis, (?1760-1828), of Claremorris, co. Mayo," and "Browne, James (1793-1854), of Claremont House, co. Mayo," in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons, 1820-1832, op. cit.

1818-06: Valentine Fleming, Esq., was the plaintiff in a legal action versus Henry Edward Lynch, Esq., and others, in the Court of Exchequer. One of the several lands at stake was "one undivided Moiety of the Farm of Murneene, in the Barony of Clanmorris, and County of Mayo." Source: "Valentine Fleming, Esq. Plaintiff. Henry Edward Lynch, Esq. and others, Defendants," in the Dublin Evening Post, 7 July 1818. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-05-09).

1819-04: Mr. Murphy, a Revenue Officer, of Claremorris, was thrown from his horse, and killed. Source: Public Ledger, 30 July 1819. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-11-04).

1820-03: Bills were posted, offering a reward from the Rt. Hon. D. Browne, of £50 for the apprehension of John Burke, of Musickfield, county Galway. Burke was charged with "coming into the Barony of Clanmorris in this county, at noon, on the 23d ult. at the head of an armed body of rebels, with a view of rescuing prisoners, and with feloniously tendering illegal oaths to several persons at Ballindangan, and also with taking fire-arms from several houses." Source: Public Ledger, 10 March 1829; also, "Ireland. Castlebar, March 2," in the Chester Courant, 14 March 1820. BNA, op. cit. (accessed 2015-05-09, 2015-11-04).

1820: James Browne, Esq. was returned to Parliament, in an unopposed contest for the seat representing the county of Mayo. Source: "Browne, James (1793-1854), of Claremont House, co. Mayo," in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons, 1820-1832, op cit., historyofparliamentonline.org (accessed 2015-05-08).

1820: Denis Browne, Esq., was remarked by the Liverpool ministry for his valiant defence of the county from "the threat of ribbon men." Source: "Browne, Hon. Denis, (?1760-1828), of Claremorris, co. Mayo," in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons, 1820-1832op. cit., historyofparliamentonline.org (accessed 2015-05-08).

1820: A return of the number of troops or corps of Yeomanry, and of troops of Volunteers, recorded four corps and companies, composed of three officers and seventy-four men, in the Claremorris district. The total expense incurred for the operation of these militia, in 1820, was £844 3s 2d, compared to the budgeted requirement of £44 5s 2d for 1821. The reason cited for the difference was that the extent of the disturbances in that part of the county in 1820 had required the placement onto permanent duty of all the Clare and Claremorris corps and, in addition, officers and detachments of the Crossmolina and Kilmaine corps. Source: Source: House of Commons, United Kingdom. "Yeomanry and Volunteers." Estimates, Accounts, and Miscellaneous Papers, relating to Ireland: Two Volumes. (1.) Charitable Institutions; Miscellaneous Services; Barracks and Commissariat; Revenue; First Fruits; &c. Session 23 January to 11 July 1821. Vol. XIX.

1820: Murder of Mrs. M'Guinness.

1821: The population of the town of Claremorris was 1,297, and that of the remainder of the parish of Kilcolman (Clanmorris), 5,128. Sources: (1) House of Commons, United Kingdom. Accounts and Papers, Seventeen Volumes. (15.) "Enumeration 1831. IV.—Province of Connaught. III. Clanmorris Barony." Population of Ireland. Session 29 Jan – 29 Aug 1833. Vol. 39. (2) Sadler, Michael Thomas. "Table LXXI. Demonstrating the Law of Population from the Census of Ireland, 1821." The Law of Population. Vol. II. London: John Murray, 1880.

1822: Fr. John Lavin was appointed Prior of Ballinasmale, and Fathers Michael Geoghegan, Patrick Burke, and Martin Fitzpatrick were appointed members of the Ballinasmale community. At the same time, a new Roman Catholic chapel was built in the growing town of Claremorris. (Previously, there had been a mediæval church in Kilcolman townland, and a church in Barnycarroll townland, which may have been served by Carmelites, but which was later moved to Mace.) Source: Josten, Stephen. Ballinasmale Carmelite Abbey, 1288–1870, op. cit., pp. 23-4.

1820s: The results of an inquiry into the state of the poor in Ireland, including the parish of Kilcolman (Clanmorris), was published in 1836—which findings may reasonably be held to hold true, more than less, for the previous decade.

Note: Until 1898, there were two parishes of the name, Kilcolman, in the county of Mayo: one in the barony of Clanmorris, and the other in the barony of Costello. The Local Government Act (Ireland) of 1898 transferred several parishes from the counties of Mayo and Galway to the county of Roscommon, including the parish of Kilcolman (Costello).

Please cite your sources.

See also local history notes for the parish of Kilcolman (Clanmorris).

Return to Local history timelines index page.

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© Alison Kilpatrick, 2015. All rights reserved.
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"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

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