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Timeline for the parishes of Kilrea & Tamlaght O'Crilly, 1810–1819.

Please refer to Note and References at bottom of page.
Return to Kilrea & Tamlaght O'Crilly timeline front page.


Year
Events
Sources; Comments; Links
1810-06, or
1811-11-17
The roof of Drumagarner chapel was maliciously burned. Father Diamond "used it without the roof the following Sunday. Later, at the Derry assizes [in spring, 1811], £150 was awarded to Father Diamond and a new roof put on the church." The site was leased to the church by the Rowley Heyland, Esq.
Research by Mrs Kathleen Gillen, who cited the date as a night in June, 1810; The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 83.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.

Note: Perhaps related as a different incident, or as the same incident under different date, The Bath Chronicle, 19 December 1811, cited the 17th November 1811. Link to transcription.

See also the entry under, 1812, "The roof of Drumargarner chapel was repaired, ..."
1811
Under the Rev. James Jones, the Glebe House at Hervey Hill, in the parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly, was newly roofed and raised one storey.
Kernohan (1912), pg. 37.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
1811
Trouble arose at Kilrea, "out of a militia soldier's unwarrantable language to an Orangeman."
PRONI ref. D374. This is an index entry per PRONI's online catalogue, at www.proni.gov.uk (accessed 2015-01-20); the fonds would need to be consulted for further information.
1812
Great scarcity of food in England and Ireland.
Walford (1879).
1812
The roof of Drumagarner chapel was repaired, at a cost of about £160
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
1812
Drimbolg Covenanting Meeting-house was built, just a short distance south of the village, at a cost of £100. Dimensions, 51 feet by 21 feet, with room for 252 adults. The Covenanters did not sing hymns or include musical accompaniment in their services. The first minister was the Rev. John Smyth, whose stipend was £50 per annum.
The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 153.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
1812-02-03
Trial in Edinburgh, of John Lindsay Crawford, James Bradley, and William Fanning, the latter either a schoolmaster or law clerk, hailing from Swatragh, [or Kilrea, or Moyletra], parish of Desertoghill. By the use of forged documents, Mr. Crawford had attempted to claim to be the direct heir of the recently deceased Viscount Garnock. Fanning turned King's evidence, and Crawford and Bradley were transported for fourteen years. Affidavits, avowing Fanning's record for perjury, were taken from William Stewart, of Kilmuck, parish of Tamlaght O'Crilly, Robert Gray, of Mittican, parish of Errigal, Daniel Stewart, of Movendis, parish of Desertoghill, and William Rankin, of Garvagh.
Caledonian Mercury, 6 February 1812.
Adams (1829), pp. 154-6.
Crawford (1849), pg. 252.

Link to transcriptions, which include an extract from Lives of the Lindsays (Crawford, 1849), an account of the efforts which John Lindsay Crawford continued to pursue in his quest to be declared the heir of Viscount Garnock, with references for further reading.
up to 1813
"Green lough was the scene of various kinds of amusement, particularly horse-racing which was strongly supported by the gentry."
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
c.1813
At a time of scarcity of peat, the once "native and lofty wood" which stood atop Wolf Island, surrounded by many acres of bog, were cut, in order to supply fuel to the local inhabitants.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.
1813–1848
Kilrea Boys' and Girls' School was established.
(1) "Twenty guineas were levied in 1813 to purchase the good will of Hugh Hamill's field for a new schoolhouse."
(2) The building cost £800, with £200 contributed by the Mercers' Company, and £600 from the governors of the Erasmus Smith School. The Vestry spent more than £15 on equipment. The Kildare Place Society and the Mercers' Company made annual grants to the school. Attendance was free.
(3) The building cost the Governors £650. Private donations amounted to £216 13s. 4d. Two acres had been conveyed for the purpose of building the school. When it was discontinued in 1848 (no cause stated), the premises were re-conveyed to the Mercers' Company, the grantors.
(1) Kernohan (1912), pg. 43.
(2) The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 48.
(3) Endowed Schools Commission (1858), pg. 286.
1813–1830
Miss Jane MacCaw was the principal of Kilrea Girls' School.
The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 48.
1813–1849
Kennedy MacCaw was the principal of Kilrea Boys' School.
The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 48.
1814
Winter very severe.
Walford (1879).
1814
There were 110 tenements in the town of Kilrea.
Kernohan (1912), pg. 45.
1814-08-06
Alexander Stewart, Esq., of Kilrea, proprietor of the Mercers' proportion in the county of Londonderry, was returned as a Member of Parliament, in the room of the Hon. Charles William Stewart.
Caledonian Mercury, 11 August 1814.
Link to transcription.
1814–1815
The parish church at Tamlaght O'Crilly having been condemned, the Rev. James Jones obtained a grant for a new building. He wished to build the new church in Killygullib Glebe, but was opposed by a majority of the parishioners, who wanted to remain at the old site, and also most strongly by the Presbyterians, who would have to share in the cost. Rev. Mr. Jones succeeded in having the new church built, but the work was done when the Rev. Edmond Knox was rector. "The cost of the building was funded by Board of First Fruits and afterwards levied on the parish, to be paid by instalments."
Kernohan (1912), pg. 37.
Extracts from a paper written by Miss Clark; cited in The Fairy Thorn (1984), pg. 64.
Account of Tamlaght O'Crilly, written by James McIlfatrick; cited in The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pp. 150-1.

See also entries, under 1816-07-16, "On 16th July 1816, ..." and, 1817-01-17, "Trial of the Rev. John Smith."
1815
The following interesting items were given in a report of the state of agriculture, and other aspects of social and political economy, in the barony of Loughinsholin for the year, 1815:
- The oats and flax crops were never finer. Flax had been generally substituted for barley, the demand for which had declined, owing to the suppression of private distilleries. However, the price for flax had fallen by one-third.
- In 1814, the fines inflicted for private distilleries amounted to more than £600, in one parish alone. Citing the farmers' economic distress (as a result of the Napoleonic wars) and an abundant crop, the writer suggested a need for the Commissioners of Excise to encourage the establishment of public distilleries.
- The potato crops were luxuriant, owing to the late heavy rains, after a droughty period during June and July.
- With the termination of the war, the demand for pigs had fallen, resulting in further economic distress for farmers and cottagers.
- Amidst the depression of the value of almost every other article, the demand, and prices paid, for Irish butter in the English markets remained strong.
- In recent years, great improvements had been made in the roads from Dublin to Coleraine, and from Londonderry to Belfast. Where bog lands were cut up and drained in the creation of roads, larger areas of meadow, pasture, and arable land, studded with cottages, were the result.
- Under the rundale system of land tenure, the population of the country tended to be "collected into miserable clusters of dirty hovels, surrounded by dunghills, and all kinds of filth."
- Before an iteration of recent market prices for farm commodities, the writer concluded with a pointed, litany of complaints about the steep cesses (taxes) which had been levied upon the upper and middle classes during the prosecution of the Napoleonic wars. Cesses were unusually high, "owing to the great expenditure which is making in erecting a splendid Sessions-house in Londonderry." Taxes were also levied on windows, hearths, horses, dogs, and carriages. The writer warned, "Certain it is, that if, by any unforeseen circumstances, [exorbitant taxes] should be resorted to in the ensuing year, they will be found unproductive, as many of our farmers will sell their riding horses and dispose of their jaunting cars before the fifth of January."
Agricultural Report (1815), pp. 421-6.
Link to transcription, for greater details about farming practices, varieties of crops sown, reclamation of bogs for pasture, repair and maintenance of roads, the disadvantages of the kind of land tenure called rundale, management of dunghills and manuring practices, cesses, and market prices.


In their separate surveys conducted in 1802, Robert Slade and the Rev. G.V. Sampson  made rather severe remarks about the bleak and monotonous landscape of
"bog, rock, and rusty soil" in the the parishes of Kilrea, Tamlaght O'Crilly, and surroundings. Perhaps in some measure a result of these remarks, however thirteen years old, the writer of this agricultural report in 1815 made particular mention of the uses of timber from bogs--which though, they "disfigure our landscapes, and seem such dismal nuisances to the eye of a stranger," provide fuel, light, timber for household furniture and farmstead structures, the means to improve dung for manure, and "afford us a material aid in the cultivation of our cold, stiff uplands; the upper surface of them, drawn off and mixed with earth or lime, being the most valuable manure that can be devised."
1816
There was a linen market in Kilrea, on two days each month. The linen trade was still the principal industry of the county. Farmers grew the flax; men and women worked the flax; older women scutched, wove, and spun; and the resulting webs were taken to market.
The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 33.
1816
Boveedy Sunday School was established, "held in the day school-house. The superintendent was John McIlwrath."
Account of Boveedy written by James McIlfatrick; cited in The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 127.
1816-07-16
  The Rev. John Smyth, Presbyterian minister of Kilrea, led a group of Presbyterians to the parish church of Tamlaght O'Crilly, to protest the Vestry's decision to rebuild the parish church in Killygullib. A disturbance ensued: one version of the story says that, after succeeding in their objective to rebuild the new church on the old site, the Presbyterians, in their jubilation, "created some confusion in the church, which was construed as a riot by the rector."
The Fairy Thorn Revisited (1996), pg. 151.

See also entries under 1814, "The parish church at Tamlaght O'Crilly...", and 1817-01-17, "Trial of the Rev. John Smith, ..."
1816–1819
(1) "The next visitations of fever and dysentery [after 1799-1800] were in 1817, which were as general and destructive as any recorded in history. During the summer and autumn of 1816 there were 142 wet days, the corn was damaged, lay in the fields, and generally malted; before the end of autumn there was a great scarcity of food, the poor fed on esculent plants, they removed the seed-potatoes from the earth to allay the cravings of hunger, and were obliged to feed on loathsome substances in some places. The next season was also wet, there being 105 wet days to August, 1817, which destroyed the oat and potato crops. The three first months of 1818 were wet and stormy, the summer unusually hot, a failure of the hay and oat crops; but otherwise a plentiful harvest. Famine, fever, and dysentery, were severely felt in the north, and soon in every part of Ireland during the summer of 1817. Dysentery followed the fever in the summer of 1818, [in the south and west of Ireland, but was not at all partial] in Ulster. ... The population of Ireland was then estimated at six millions, and of these eight hundred thousand were affected by disease, and forty thousand were ascertained to have been destroyed by the conjoint ravages of famine, fever, and dysentery. The fever spared neither age, sex, nor condition; but was most fatal to the poor."
(2) "The winters of [1812-1815] had been of great severity, and in 1815-16 there was a complete failure of the harvest and potato crop; and in the following year, 1817, ensued a cold wet autumn, again destroying both potato and corn harvests. The turf or peat also was so sodden with wet that the Irish could not use it for fuel. Thousands were thrown out of work; the greatest destitution prevailed; many died of hunger, after wandering about the country eating nettles, wild mustard, and other weeds; and thousands died of diseases brought on by exposure to wet, cold, and deficiency of food. Relapsing fever began in 1817 in Ulster, Munster, and Connaught, and spread all over Ireland. An eighth of the population was stricken with it; in Dublin alone there were 70,000 cases. The total number of deaths was estimated, from this fever in Ireland (1817-19), as 44,000; there were, however, many cases of typhus included. The epidemic declined and died out after the plentiful harvest of 1819."
(1) Ryan (1832), pg. 399.
(2) Blyth (1876), pg. 222.
1817-01-17
At the assizes held in Maghera, the Rev. Edmond Knox, rector of Tamlaght O'Crilly, prosecuted Rev. John Smyth (Presbyterian minister of Kilrea), Paul Smirl, Charles O'Neill, Matthew McCahy, William Wallace, William Bolton, and Robert Wallace, for a riot in the parish church on the 16th July, 1816. The prosecutor, and prosecutor's witnesses, described a threatening confrontation led by the Rev. Mr. Smyth, with the church officials escaping the Vestry, as if for their lives, followed by a general mélée outside the church. Witnesses included the Rev. Mr. Knox, Langford Heyland, Esq., James Maguire, Thomas Palmer, James Magee, Joseph Montgomery, Oliver Lees, James Collins; and, the Revds. Mr. Loughead, John Thomas O'Neill, John Graham, John Waddy, and Thomas Campbell. All of the defendants were convicted, with Rev. Mr. Smyth required to serve three months at his Majesty's pleasure, while the other defendants were confined from three weeks to two months, except Robert Wallace, who was recommended to mercy.
The Antijacobin Review (1817), pp. 70-78.
Link to a lengthy transcription of the trial of the Rev. John Smyth; also, of a letter (from "J.G." of Glenone), refuting the possibility of a combination between parties, and charges made by the Rev. Mr. Smyth against one of the witnesses, the Rev. Thomas Campbell, in the Presbytery of Route, of which charges, Rev. Mr. Campbell was acquitted.

See also entries under 1814, "The parish church at Tamlaght O'Crilly...", and 1816-07-16, "The Rev. John Smyth, ..."
1817–1833
Erection of a flax mill in Moneygran townland, on the site of John McKinney, jun.'s old bleachgreen; proprietor John McKinney rented it from the Mercers' Company. This mill could work all seasons of the year, was worked by the water of the River Bann, and was situated convenient to the old bleach mill which ceased to work in 1804, and of which nothing remained, c.1836, but the drying loft.
Ordnance Survey Memoirs.

See also entry under 1833-09-09, "Advertisement, published in the Belfast News-Letter, ..."
1818-07-12 (1) "Partisan riots occurred in Aughnacloy and Kilrea in 1818 and Crebilly, County Antrim, in 1819."
(2) After a procession of Orange Lodges near Tyanee, a riot ensued with Ribandmen. After a series of assaults and retaliations, the Ribandmen took flight and, in their pursuit, one of their number received a blow frim a stone which fractured his skull. That night, a riot occurred at Kilrea, in which one youth was stabbed with a sword, and the arm of an elderly man, who came to the assistance of the youth, was nearly cut off.
(1) Farrell (2000), pg. 63.
(2) Morning Chronicle, 30th July 1818.
Link to transcription.

Note: An account of this riot is given in R.M. Sibbett's book, Orangeism in Ireland and throughout the Empire (Belfast: Henderson & Co., 1914-15).
1819
Great floods in the north of Ireland.
Walford (1879).
1819
Death of Henry Mulholland, at Edenduffcarrick, near Randalstown. Mr. Mulholland was the last Keeper of St. Patrick's Bell, or Clogan Udhactha.
Parish of Greenlough (2006).

Note: This timeline may not be copied, transmitted, or reproduced for profit or for gain--in whole or in part--in any medium, including web sites that ask for donations, feature advertisements, or link directly or indirectly to any commercial concern. Please use our Contact page to forward questions about usage, or suggestions for inclusion.

References:
  • Adams, Alexander Maxwell. The Crawfurd Peerage: with other Original Genealogical, Historical, and Biographical Particulars, relating to the illustrious houses of Crawfurd and Kilbirnie; including also, A Succinct Account of the Persecutions and Abuses to which John Lindsay Crawfurd, Esq. the legal claimant of the titles and immunities of these ancient families, Has Been Subjected, &c. Edinburgh: Andrew Jack & Co., 1829.
  • "Agricultural Report from the Barony of Loughinsholin." The Farmer's Magazine, Vol. XVI. Edinburgh: David William, 1815.
  • Blyth, Alexander Wynter. A Dictionary of Hygiène and Public Health. London: Charles Griffin and Company, 1876.
  • Crawford, Alex Will. Lives of the Lindsays, Vol. II. London: John Murray, 1849.
  • Day, Angélique, and Patrick McWilliams, eds. Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Ireland. Vol. XVIII. Parishes of County Londonderry V, 1830, 1833, 1836-7. Maghera and Tamlaght O'Crilly. Belfast: The Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, in association with The Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 1993.
  • Day, Angélique, and Patrick McWilliams, eds. Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Ireland. Vol. XXVII. Parishes of County Londonderry VIII, 1830, 1833-7, 1839. East Londonderry. Belfast: The Institute of Irish Studies, The Queen's University of Belfast, in association with The Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 1994.
  • Farrell, Sean. Rituals and Riots: Sectarian Violence and Political Culture in Ulster, 1784-1886. Kentucky, USA: The University of Kentucky Press, 2000.
  • Great Britain, House of Commons. Reports from Commissioners: Fifteen Volumes. (5.--Part III.) Ireland. Endowed Schools. Session 3 December 1857 - 2 August 1858. Vol. XXII., Part III.Great Britain, House of Commons. Reports from Commissioners: Fifteen Volumes. (5.--Part III.) Ireland. Endowed Schools. Session 3 December 1857 - 2 August 1858. Vol. XXII., Part III.
  • Kilrea Local History Group. The Fairy Thorn: Gleanings and Glimpses of Old Kilrea; published by The Kilrea Local History Group. Coleraine: Impact Printing, 1984.
  • Kilrea Local History Group. The Fairy Thorn Revisited: More Gleanings and Glimpses of Old Kilrea, published by The Kilrea Local History Group. Coleraine, and Ballycastle, 1996.
  • Kernohan, J.W. The Parishes of Kilrea and Tamlaght O'Crilly: A Sketch of Their History, With an Account of Boveedy Congregation. Coleraine: Chronicle Office, 1912. Transcribed by Barbara Braswell and Richard Torrens; posted to Richard Torrens' Bann Valley Genealogy web site, www.torrens.org.uk/Genealogy/Bann Valley/
  • Ryan, Michael, ed. "Principal Epidemic Diseases of Ireland." The London Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. I. London: Renshaw and Rush, 1832.
  • "Magherafelt Sessions." The Antijacobin Review. Vol. LII. London: G. Sidney, 1817.
  • Sagart, Art. P. O'Raghallaigh. The Parish of Greenlough/Tamlaght O'Crilly: A Brief History (pub. 2006). Online at www.69thpa.co.uk/tamlaghtpdf.pdf (accessed 2015-01-17).
  • United Kingdom. House of Lords, and House of Commons. Report of Her Majesty's Commissioners appointed to inquire into the Endowments, Funds, and Actual Condition of all Schools endowed for the purpose of Education in Ireland. Dublin: Alex. Thom and Sons, 1858.
  • Walford, Cornelius. The Famines of the World: Past and Present. London: Edward Stanford, 1879.
© Alison Kilpatrick 2015