54th Regiment in Canada, 1851-54, and at home, 1851-55

Source: Editions as indicated, per The British Newspaper Archive, online at www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk (accessed 2015-07-08, 2015-08-11, by subscription). Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick. Please cite your sources.

London Evening Standard, 19 February 1851:
  Vulcan, screw steam-engine, Master Commander Penn, will be completed at Sheerness by the end of this month. When ready, she is to proceed to Portsmouth to be paid advanced wages. She then also goes on to Cork, and, embarking the 74th Regiment, conveys them to Gibraltar to relieve the 67th Regiment. She then takes the 67th to Barbadoes, to relieve the 54th Regiment. Thence she proceeds with the latter to Quebec, and comes home with the 79th Regiment.

Bristol Times and Mirror, 31 May 1851:
  Horfield.——The 72nd Highlanders left for Bradford on Wednesday last, proceeding by rail to Bath. The 54th regiment, by whom they are to be replaced, are expected to arrive at Horfield on Monday week.

Morning Chronicle, 7 July 1851:
  Stations of Her Majesty's Ships. ... The Hercules troops ship sailed from Barbardoes [sic] on the 13th of June, for St. Lucia, Dominique, and Antigua, to embark detachments of the 54th regiment, and from those islands she proceeds to Trinidad to embark the 72d regiment——both for Canada.

Morning Post, 19 August 1851:
  The Army in Canada.——The freight-ship, Herefordshire, arrived on July 29, at Quebec, after a remarkably quick passage of 19 days, from Antigua, with the 54th Regiment on board for service in the garrison, and to relieve the 79th Highlanders, who embarked in the same vessel on August the 2nd and 4th for conveyance to Scotland. At a meeting of the city council of Quebec, held on the evening of August the 1st, a resolution was adopted alluding in the most complimentary terms to the conduct of the 79th during their stay in this city, which was unanimously adopted. One of the magistrates stated that not a single man had been charged with any crime, or been to sent to prison for any offence in Quebec.

Cork Examiner, 27 October 1851:
  On the 4th instant, Lieutenant-General inspected the 54th Regiment at Quebec.

London Evening Standard, 22 March 1852:
  Drafts for Canada.——Drafts from the following corps are held in readiness to embark for Canada to join their service companies, viz.: ... 54th Regiment, 2 officers and 42 men.

Bristol Times and Mirror, 27 March 1852:
  Orders have been received to proceed from the depot at Horfield, to the head-quarters of the regiment in Canada.

Bristol Times and Mirror, 17 April 1852:
  The 54th regiment, now stationed at Horfield barracks, is under orders to embark for Londonderry, to relieve the depot, 73rd regiment. A draft of two police [sic] officers and 45 men is under orders to embark at Portsmouth on the 16th inst. in her Majesty's team-ship Simoom, for the Service Companies in Canada. The depôt of the 73rd, at present at Londonderry, will replace the 54th at Horfield.

Belfast News-Letter, 19 April 1852:
  Captain Jones, of the 54th Regiment, has arrived from Quebec, on two years' leave, after an absence of five years. The gallant captain proceeded, on Friday evening last, to Moneyglass, the hospitable seat of his brother, T.H. Jones, Esq.

Morning Post, 19 April 1852:
  The steam-tug, Echo, has been engaged to-day in taking out the baggage, &c., of the drafts of the 20th, 23d, and 54th regiments, to the Simoon [sic], steam transport, Captain Kingcome, at Spithead, preparatory to sailing for Canada, calling at Queenstown for other detachments.

London Evening Standard, 19 April 1852:
  The Simoom, iron troop-steamer, Captain Kingcome, embarked late on Friday evening, 1 officer and 82 men of the 20th Regiment, 2 officers and 84 men of the 23d Regiment, and 2 officers and 42 men of the 54th Regiment. She sailed for Queenstown this day (Sunday) at noon, where she is to receive 2 officers and 52 men of the 66th, and 1 officer and 92 men of the 71st Regiment, with which detachments she will proceed direct to Quebec, from whence she will bring home a regiment.

Wells Journal, 1 May 1852:
  Military Movements. ... The 54th regiment, now stationed at Bristol, is to be removed to Londonderry, and will be replaced by the depot of the 73rd regiment. ...

The Era, 9 May 1852:
  A Sporting Affair at Quebec.——A "plucky" match, for £25 a side, came off at Quebec, on St. Patrick's night, between Dr. Webster's (54th Regiment) ch h Snag, ridden by the owner, to run to Grace's Hotel, at Cape Rouge, and back again. They started from the corner of the Esplanade, at eleven o'clock at night (after mess), and it certainly was a most novel sight——both riders were dressed in full jockey costume (as far as could be seen by the light of the lamps), for no friendly moon or even stars had they to lighten them on their doubtful way——the snow was much drifted, and in places the road was full of holes. The distance, going and returning, is eighteen miles, and was done in one hour and five minutes. Only one accident occurred, A.D.C. fell heavily, when near home, but without damage to horse or rider. However, he was somewhat delayed by it, and Snag (steadily ridden by Mr. King) came in an easy winner by about four minutes.

Morning Post, 26 June 1852:
  The Simoom left Cork on the 23d of April last for Quebec, having on board detachments of the 54th and 66th Regiments. After a rough passage out, encountering several heavy gales, in one of which, off the banks of Newfoundland, she lost her main yard and two of her boats, she arrived at Quebec on the 21st of May, making the passage in 29 days, only using her engines, of 350 horse power, four days, during the voyage. In the course of it, Mr. M'Grath, quarter-master of the 54th Regiment, died, and was buried at sea. ...

Morning Chronicle, 11 February 1853:
  The Army.——The 54th Regiment of Foot, now at Quebec, will proceed to Kingston, Canada West, on the arrival of the 71st.

Saunders's News-Letter, 28 March 1853:
  Drafts for Foreign Service.——For Canada. ... 54th Regiment; 1 Officers [sic] and 60 men. ...

Staffordshire Advertiser, 9 July 1853:
  Canada.——It has been determined by the Canadian military authorities, in consequence of the bloodshed at Montreal, to remove the regiment of Cameronians (26th) to Kingston, and to send down to Montreal the 54th Regiment, now in Kingston.——The Canadian parliament is prorogued until the 23rd July.——At a meeting held in front of St. Patrick's Church, at Montreal, at which a very large number of Irish Catholics attended, speeches were made, deprecating the conduct of those engaged in the recent riots, and a series of resolutions were passed, relative to the future maintenance of the peace of the city, and the apprehension of the parties who were engaged in the recent disturbances.

Saunders's News-Letter, 19 July 1853:
  The Army.——Southampton, July 16.——The freightship Emerald Isle, 537 tons, belonging to Messrs. Palmer and Smith, of London, arrived this morning to the consignment of Mr. G. Drysdale, the Government emigration agent, with the remaining detachment of the 20th Regt. ... The Emerald Isle also brings ... invalids of the following detachments: ... 54th Regiment, 6 men; ...

London Standard, 30 September 1853:
  Canada. ... Cholera was subsiding at Quebec. ... The 71st, 66th, and 54th Regiments were under orders for embarkation, and expecting to leave in one of the company's steamers.

London Evening Standard, 26 July 1854:
  A company of the 54th Regiment, to the number of 100 men, 3 serjeants, and 5 corporals, arrived at Cork on Friday from Enniskillen, to await the arrival of a transport for conveyance to Kingston, Canada, where the regiment is at present stationed. The officers who accompanied the depot were Captain Mathias (commanding), Lieut. Clarke, and Ensign Houston.

Dublin Evening Mail, 25 August 1854:
  The Army.——The following regiments have just been ordered home from North America:——54th regiment; 66th regiment; 71st reserve battalion; 72d regiment.

Morning Post, 20 September 1854:
  The depôt of the 54th Regiment, now in this garrison, is about being passed over to Glasgow, there to be stationed.

Greenock Advertiser, 29 September 1854:
  On Wednesday morning, the first division of the 54th Regiment, under the command of Captain Wood, and consisting of two commissioned and four non-commissioned officers, and 70 rank and file, arrived here in the Herald from Dublin, and proceeded onwards to Glasgow. The second division, consisting of 10 commissioned and 12 non-commissioned officers, and 210 rank and file, under command of Major Smith, was brought by the Vanguard on Wednesday. The 54th forms part of the expeditionary force which it is said is to proceed to the Baltic in March. It will consist of the 18th, 51st, 54th, 56th, 66th, 72d, 80th, 82d, 90th, and 94th Regiments. The service companies of the 54th are now on their way home from Canada, and will on their arrival join the depot at Glasgow.

London Evening Standard, 30 September 1854:
  Liverpool, Saturday Morning.
  The Sarah Sands, from Montreal, arrived last evening, with dates to the 15th instant. Cholera was subsiding at Quebec. She brought 240 artillerymen amongst her passengers. The 71st, 66th, and 54th Regiments were under orders for embarkation, and expecting to leave in one of the company's steamers. The Sarah Sands passed the Ottawa on the morning of the 17th, one day's sail from Quebec.

London Daily News, 18 October 1854:
  Arrival of Troops from Canada.——Liverpool, Tuesday.—The Canadian Steam Navigation Company's screw steam-ship Ottawa, Captain J.B. Atkins, arrived in the Mersey last night, from Quebec, after a passage of 11 days 4 hours. She experienced heavy weather during the voyage, and had to lay to for 18 hours. She brought Major Moffatt, commanding officer, and 355 rank and file of the 54th Regiment, together with the following officers:—Captains J.C. Jones, J. Howke, and F. Mathias; Lieutenants W.H.D. Clarke, J.F. Flamank, W.F. Thompson, C.T. Barnell, J. Blackistre Houston, Robert B. Stokes, and W.J. Ramsay; Lieutenant and Adjutant Percy C.B. Lake, Ensign Henry Fane, Surgeon J.M. Grant, Paymaster W. Marriott, and Quartermaster J. Hipkins. She also brought 33 women and 43 children belonging to the regiment, in addition to 23 private cabin passengers and a full cargo. Before leaving the vessel, the officers of the regiment presented a courteous address to Captain Atkins, expressive of their sense of the very great kindness and urbanity they received during the voyage. She brought no news of importance, although one day later from Quebec, having sailed the 4th instant. A bill had been introduced into the provincial parliament to do away with the property qualification of members.

Liverpool Mercury, 20 October 1854:
  The 54th Regiment.——The troops which arrived at this port on Monday evening in the Ottawa, from Quebec, were transferred to the steamer Princess Royal, and sailed the following evening for Glasgow.

London Standard, 4 November 1854:
  Liverpool, Friday.——The Charity steamer, arrived from Quebec, brought Captain T.H. Powell; Lieutenants W.E. Freeman, O'Brien, and Edward Cliffe; Assistant Surgeon William M. Frith, and one company of the 54th Regiment; and Captain Beddingfield, Dr. Fogo, and one company of the Royal Artillery, with the women and children belonging to both companies.

Glasgow Herald, 6 November 1854:
  Theatre Royal, Dunlop Street. [Tuesday evening, 7th November,]
  Under the immediate Patronage of Colonel Moore and the Officers of the 54th Regiment.
  [evening of entertainment, proceeds for the relief of the Widows and Orphans of Soldiers and Sailors killed in battle.]
  N.B.——In the course of the evening the Splendid Band of the 54th Regiment, which, by the kind permission of Colonel Moore, will be in attendance, will play a variety of popular airs and overtures.

Greenock Advertiser, 10 November 1854:
  On Sunday evening a detachment of the 54th regiment which arrived at Liverpool from Canada on Saturday, reached this on board of the Princess Royal, on its way to joing the head quarters of the regiment at Glasgow.

Dublin Evening Packet, 23 November 1854:
  The 54th Regiment of Foot will embark at Liverpool on Friday, on board the British and North American steamer Niagara, which has been taken up by Government, for the purpose of conveying them direct to the Crimea.

North Wales Chronicle, 25 November 1854:
  Liverpool, Friday.
  The 54th Regiment arrived in Liverpool this forenoon from Glasgow, for the purpose of embarking in the royal-mail steamship Niagara, (Shannon) for Gibraltar. They proceeded from the Lime-street station to the Exchange area, where they formed a square, the band playing "God save the Queen," "Partant pour la Syrie," "Rule Britannia," and other spirit-stirring airs. The entire regiment was here liberally supplied with refreshments at the expense of his Worship the Mayor, after which they embarked. The excitement and enthusiasm were immense.

Staffordshire Advertiser, 2 December 1854:
  The Troops in Scotland. ... The 54th regiment, stationed at Glasgow, having recalled their detachments from Paisley and Dumbarton Castle, proceeded to Liverpool, for embarkation to Gibraltar, leaving a depôt of four companies behind.

Newcastle Courant, 19 January 1855:
  The depot of the 54th regiment is under orders to proceed to this town, from its present quarters at Paisley.

Glasgow Herald, 6 February 1855:
  A recruiting party of the 54th regiment, which has been in town for a few weeks, has obtained several stout young recruits.

North & South Shields Gazette, and Northumberland and Durham Advertiser, 23 March 1855:
  Shipwreck and Loss of Life at the Mouth of the Tyne.
  On Thursday night, last week, a gale of wind from the S.S.E. came on with great violence on the north east coast, which resulted in the loss of life and destruction of property. A snow storm was raging and a heavy sea was breaking upon the coast, when about eleven o'clock the schooner Hugh Bourne, Hall, from Whitby, with iron stone, struck on the rocks at the foot of the Spanish Battery. ... Between five and six o'clock, the brig Heather, Carr, of South Shields, from London, in ballast, came on shore on the rocks, ran foul of the unfortunate schooner, and carried away her mainmast, on which was a passenger, who with difficulty succeeded in saving himself. ... Shortly afterwards, the tide having fallen considerably, the crew of the Heather were assisted on shore. ... At daylight, the wreck of a vessel was observed entangled amongst the rocks near to the Tynemouth Lighthouse, and shortly afterwards some papers were cast up by the waves, which proved her to be the sloop Thomas and Mary, of Whitby, from that port, with iron ore for the Tyne. The master's name was Thomas Taylor, and it appears that as soon as she had struck she had gone to pieces, and all on board were lost. ... During the time the vessels came on shore, Capt. Bayly and other officers, with a number of soldiers, belonging to the 54th Regiment, came to the place, and were ready to offer any assistance which it was in their power to give, and for which they are entitled to the thanks of all parties. ...

Caledonian Mercury, 26 April 1855:
  A draft of the 54th Regiment, the depot of which is stationed in Glasgow, will, it is said, embark at Greenock for the Crimea.

Newcastle Chronicle, 18 May 1855:
  The depot of the 54th Regiment, now lying in our barracks, will this week be removed to Sunderland, and the 85th, stationed in Sunderland, will exchange places with the former regiment.

Durham County Advertiser, 15 June 1855:
  On Friday last 11 officers and 336 men of the 54th Regiment  of Foot, accompanied by 28 women and 66 children arrived at Doncaster from Sunderland, under the command of Major Moffatt. On Saturday morning they left Doncaster at 7 o'clock for London, having been ordered to replace the 94th, who have just left the Tower. The above number of privates included 95 men of the Northumberland Militia, and several small parties of volunteers from other regiments. Most of them were very young men. The head-quarters of the 54th are at present at Gibraltar, where they are waiting for draughts from the depôt at home previous to being moved forward to the Crimea.

Morning Chronicle, 15 August 1855:
  In consequence of nearly the whole of the disciplined men belonging to the depot 54th Regiment being under orders for foreign service, the fortress will be garrisoned by two militia regiments. The Tower Hamlets (King's Own Light Infantry) from Hackney, and the West Essex from Chelmsford, are said to be the corps selected.

Hampshire Chronicle, 1 September 1855:
  Yesterday orders were forwarded to the commanding officers of the depôt companies of the 54th Regiment in the Tower, and the depôt of the 66th Foot, in Portman-street Barracks, to have the detachments under orders for foreign service in readiness for immediate embarkation to join the service companies of their respective regiments at Gibraltar. These regiments will embark for the Crimea immediately they are relieved of the 57th King's Light Infantry, and the 94th Foot, both of which have sailed for Gibraltar.

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Note: This page was published on the 11th August 2015, and subsequently edited on the 5th November 2015.

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"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

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