Note on the Kennedy and Bailie Pedigrees (1887)

Source: Bailie, Rev. Dr. Kennedy. “Note on the Kennedy and Bailie Pedigrees.” The Journal of the Royal Historical and Archæological Association of Ireland. Vol. VII (4th series). Dublin: University Press, 1887 (pp. 30-6). Transcribed and annotated by Alison Kilpatrick. Please cite your sources.

Notes: (1) The transcriber's notes are provided [within sqare brackets] in the transcription, below, and in footnotes hyperlinked from the transcription to the bottom of this page. (2) Link to accompanying blog article.


Note on the Kennedy and Bailie Pedigrees.——The following notes are taken from the Kennedy MSS.[1] (written by the Rev. Dr. Kennedy Bailie, F.T.C.D.) by kind permission of the Rev. Canon Grainger, D.D., M.R.I.A.: whenever the words “at present,” “now,” &c, occur, they refer to the period of the completion of the MS., circa 1829-1830:——Thomas, maternal ancestor of Dr. Kennedy, having completed his studies at Glasgow, entered the ministry, was appointed chaplain to one of Major-General Monroe's regiments, which took place about 1646. Soon after he was appointed to the living of Donoughmore,[2] under Primate Ussher's comprehension,[3] which he held till 1660, when he was ejected for nonconformity,[4] and he became minister of the Presbyterian Congregation of Carland, in the same parish, and continued there till the persecution of James II., when he was compelled to return to Scotland, where he was appointed to a parish in Glasgow. He remained in that kingdom till the termination of the contest between James and William III., at which time, according to a promise formerly made to his Irish congregation, he returned to Carland, and continued to officiate till his death, which took place in 1714. He married Mary O'Brien, daughter of Major William O'Brien, of the Bawn,[5] one of King William's officers, and nearly related to the Lords Inchiquin and Ibrican,[6] and had issue two sons, Thomas and John, and six daughters, Margaret, Jane, Elizabeth, Sarah, Martha, and Isabel (?)[.]

The second [daughter, i.e., Jane] married the Rev. Archibald Maclaine, of Market Hill, whose grandson was the celebrated Archibald Maclaine, of the Hague, translator of Mosheim, and author of "Letter to Soame Jenyngs." The third, Elizabeth, married the Rev. Mr. Turner, of Greenock, in Scotland, who filled the Chair of Natural Philosophy at Glasgow, and founded the Andersonian Institute in that city.

Thomas, eldest son of the Rev. Thomas Kennedy, of Donoughmore, being intended for the ministry, studied at Glasgow in 1693-8, and was shortly after his ordination, which took place in 1700, appointed to the Presbyterian congregation of Brigh, near Stewartstown, county Tyrone, where he remained till his death in 1745. He married Sarah, daughter of John Bell, Esq., of Mullentaine [parish of Donaghenry, county Tyrone], by whom he had issue two sons, Thomas and Robert, and two daughters, Mary and Sarah. The eldest of these daughters married John, son of Hugh Stewart, Esq., of Gortigal, county Tyrone, a cadet of the Castlestewart family, and ancestor of the present (late) Sir Hugh Stewart, Bart., and ex-M.P. for county Tyrone. The youngest, Sarah,[7] married firstly Dr. Bailie,[8] youngest son of Andrew Bailie, Esq., of Turniskea, county Tyrone; and secondly her cousin, Dr. James Kennedy, of Downpatrick (from which marriage the author of the Kennedy MSS. was descended).

Thomas, eldest son of Rev. Thomas Kennedy last-named, studied at Glasgow 1728-34, having been originally intended for the ministry, left this country subsequently for America, where ho died unmarried in 1743. Robert, the second son, entered the navy in 1737, and also died unmarried. The male issue of Rev. Thomas Kennedy of Brigh having thus become extinct, the representation of the line of Ardmillan devolved on the heir male of John, second son of Rev. Thomas Kennedy, born December 22nd, 1683. He studied at Glasgow 1704-9, and was ordained pastor of the Presbyterian congregation of Benburb, county Tyrone, in 1711, which he retained till his death, in 1765. He was a person of considerable literary attainments, and a firm adherent of orthodoxy in the synod of Ulster, in which body he was consequently possessed of a great deal of influence. He married Elizabeth, daughter of James Stevenson, Esq.,[9] of Stewartstown,  county Tyrone, and had issue five sons, Thomas, James, William, John, and Gilbert, and five daughters, Mary, Margaret, Letitia,[10] Elizabeth, and Sarah.

Thomas, eldest son, studied at Glasgow, 1736-42, licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Tyrone, 1743, died in 1746, without receiving a call to any charge, his health having been impaired by excessive application to study. He was unmarried.

James, second son, studied at Glasgow and Edinburgh for medical profession, commenced practice in Cookstown, county Tyrone, married Margaret, daughter of James Ferguson, Esq., of Littlebridge, county Tyrone, and had issue three sons, John, Thomas, and James, and three daughters, Sarah,[11] Margaret, and Letitia.

John, eldest son, went to India and died there. Thomas, second son, entered the army, held a commission in the Tay Fencibles in the rebellion of 1798, afterwards went to America, and still resides there, holding a post in one of the military colleges (when the MSS. were written). James, third son, died in early life unmarried. As Thomas is unmarried in very advanced life, the eventual representation would rest with the heir male of William, third son. He was intended for the ministry, entered Glasgow, where he studied along with the late Lord Castlestewart in 1745-6, and subsequently at Edinburgh in 1753; next year he was licensed to preach and ordained to the pastorate of Carland, his grandfather's congregation, by the Presbytery of Tyrone. He married Martha, eldest daughter of Robert Bailie, Esq., of Donahendry, county Tyrone, in 1759, by which marriage he had issue four sons, John, Robert, Andrew Thomas, and William, and three daughters, Elizabeth, Jane, and Martha. The eldest of these, Elizabeth, married her cousin, Rev. Nicholas Ward Kennedy, youngest son of Dr. James Kennedy of Downpatrick (of which marriage the author of the MSS. was the eldest son).

John, eldest son of Rev. William Kennedy, left issue three sons, William, David, and Robert, and four daughters, Margaret, Martha, Elizabeth, and Letitia Jane. In this family, consequently (when the MSS. were written), was the representation of their branch of the house of Cassilis. Failing them, the descendants of Rev. Gilbert Kennedy, of Dundonald, for Robert, second son of Rev. William Kennedy above-named, died unmarried circa 1792; and Andrew Thomas, third son, although married, died without issue male; and William, fourth son, died in infancy; while Hugh, second son of Thomas Kennedy, returned heir 1640, had two daughters co-heiresses, one of whom married Crawfuird, of Baidland, and the other Alexander Kennedy, of Craigach, from whom the present Earl of Cassilis is descended. Gilbert Kennedy, having graduated at Glasgow extra ordinem, was nominated to a chaplaincy of the forces under Monroe, and accompanied his elder brother Thomas to Ireland, circa 1647-8. The circumstances which attended his settlement corresponded with those of his elder brother, and shortly after his coming over he was inducted into the combined parishes of Dundonald and Holywood, in county Down, on the same terms as Thomas, viz. not being required to conform to the ritual of the Church of England. He shared in the persecution which obliged Thomas to fly to Scotland, where he, too, fled, and became minister of Girvan, but was subsequently ejected by the act of the Council of Glasgow in 1672, when he remained pastor of the Presbyterian congregation of Dundonald till his death in 1687. He married Miss Montgomery, a relative of the Earl of Eglinton, and had three sons, Thomas, Gilbert, and James, and five daughters, viz. Anne, Elizabeth, Sarah, and two others, of whom Dr. Kennedy had received no certain information. Thomas, the eldest, remained in Glasgow, where he practised as a physician, and became one of the professors in that university, married, and had issue Jean, only child, wife of Wallace, of Ellerslie, and the grandson of this marriage was the late Sir Islay Campbell, Lord President of the Court of Session, who became Laird of Ellerslie by right of inheritance. Gilbert, second son, of whom more afterwards. James, third son, was a physician of great eminence in Armagh, and compiler of a volume of MSS. referred to on p. 39 of the volume of MSS. from which this is taken; its characters are those of 1699 and 1723; it contains mention of events in which members of the Kennedy family had a principal share, and the Montgomeries were also frequently mentioned, &c, &c.

Gilbert, second son, being designed for the ministry, attended the classes at Glasgow, 1697-1702, and some time after was appointed domestic chaplain in the family of the Duchess of Hamilton, by whom he was treated with marked attention and regard. On his return to Ireland was appointed minister of the Presbyterian congregation of Donaghcloney, alias Tullylish, county of Down, which he held till his death in 1745. He married firstly Elizabeth Long, or Lang, 1704-5, daughter of Rev. George Lang, by his second wife Esther Clements, daughter of Major Clements, of Straid, who was an officer of Charles I.'s, and killed at Dunbar. His brother Henry was M.P. for Carrickfergus. And secondly, the widow of —— Morton, Esq., by whom he had no issue. By Miss Lang he had four sons, James, Gilbert, Thomas, and George; and three daughters, Esther, Frances, and Mary, by whose marriages the Kennedies were connected with the Fergusons, Moodies, Barbers, &c. James, according to some accounts, eldest son, was designed for a doctor, studied at Glasgow and Leyden, under Boerhave, and practised subsequently at Downpatrick, where he died. He married his second cousin, Mrs. Sarah Bailie, before alluded to, by whom he had issue four sons, Thomas, Robert, James, and Nicholas-Ward; and three daughters, Sarah, Elizabeth, and Rebecca. Elizabeth was mother of the late Rev. Dr. Wilson, S.F.T.C.D. and Professor of Mathematics, and finally Rector of Clonfeacle, in Armagh diocese. Nicholas Ward was so called after Sir N. Ward, afterwards Lord Bangor, who was his godfather, and to a relative of whom his cousin, Alicia Stewart, was married. James’s portion of the family property was the townland of Greengraves, in the county Down, to which Dr. Kennedy, the author of the MS. was legal heir. Thomas, oldest son, studied at Glasgow, entered the Established Church, became Rector of Kilmore, in the county Down, and died in 1818, aged 76. He was honorary D.D. of Glasgow. By his marriage with Sarah, daughter of Richard Waring, Esq., of Waringstown, he hail three sons, James, Richard, and Andrew Thomas; and two daughters, Sarah and Anne, all of whom died in early life and unmarried. Robert, second son of Dr. James Kennedy, died in London, unmarried, not long ago.

James, the third son, died lately in America, where he had taken out his wife, Miss Susan Pepper, of Dublin, whom he married before he left Ireland, by whom he had issue one son, Andrew Thomas, and three daughters, Sarah, Elizabeth, and Susan. Andrew Thomas died lately in his residence in Washington, unmarried, wherefore the representation of his particular branch devolves on the author of the MSS., his cousin-german, the eldest son of Nicholas Ward, fourth son of Dr. James Kennedy. This Nicholas Ward was a student in Trinity College, Dublin, which he entered January 6th, 1777, under Mr., afterwards Dr. Richardson; graduated in regular course; ordained in the Established Church by his brother, the Bishop of Down and Connor's, letter of orders dated September 25th, 1796; married his cousin, as already mentioned, Elizabeth daughter of Rev. William Kennedy, of Carland, by whom he had issue five sons, James, William, Robert Reid, Thomas, and Thomas, and one daughter, Martha, who died in infancy. James, the eldest son, entered Trinity College, Dublin, in 1807, under his cousin-german, the late James Wilson, D.D., S.F.T.C.D., &c.; subsequently Scholar and Fellow, and by the decease of his cousin, as aforesaid, has become heir of entail to the landed property of his uncle, the late Thomas Kennedy Bailie, D.D., situated in the counties of Tyrone and Down. He is unmarried. William, the second son, educated for business, resides at present (at date of MSS.) in Bengal; was appointed then by Messrs. Colvin & Co., of Calcutta, a partner in their establishment and superintendent of their indigo factories at Sewarni, district of Tirhoot;[12]  married in 18—his cousin Maria, daughter of —— Ledlie,  Esq.,[13] of Calcutta, and has issue.

Robert, third son, entered, in 1823, Trinity College, Dublin; graduated in due course; candidate for holy orders; unmarried.

Thomas, fourth son, died in infancy.

Thomas, fifth son, entered Trinity College, Dublin, in 18---, and completed the usual course in 18---.

Gilbert No. 2 was, some accounts say, eldest son of the Rev. Gilbert Kennedy, of Donaghcloney. Being intended for the ministry, he attended the classes preparatory thereto in Glasgow, 1724-30; licensed to preach in 1730; ordained by the Presbytery of Dromore pastor of Lisburn in 1731; removed successively to Killyleagh and Belfast, in which latter he remained till his death on May 12th, 1773, aged sixty-seven. He married Elizabeth, niece of Hamilton Trail, Esq., and granddaughter of James Trail, Esq., of Marybrook, near Redemon, county Down, a person of very large landed property in that county, connected with the Bishop of Down and Connor (the Clanbrassil Hamiltons and present family of Killyleagh are relations of the Trails, as appears from a marriage settlement in the possession of James T. Kennedy, Esq.), by whom he had one son, the present James Trail Kennedy, Esq., of Annadale, near Belfast; and three daughters, Mary, Elizabeth, and Margaret. The first married Rev. Henry Reynett, of Belfast, and subsequently of London, by whom she had several children; among others a son James, an officer of high rank, created a Knight of the Guelphic Order by his Majesty George IV., and attached to the staff of the Duke of Cambridge in Hanover. Her eldest daughter Mary married Sir William Bagnal Burdett, Bart., and secondly married Colonel Bayly.

James Trail, only son of Rev. Gilbert Kennedy, of Belfast, married Isabella, daughter of Christopher Byron, Esq., of Dublin, and had two sons, Gilbert and James, and one daughter, Elizabeth. The sons died in their infancy, and the latter married George Bomford, Esq., of Ryanstown, county Meath, nephew to Massey Dawson, Esq., late M.P. for Limerick.

Thomas, third son of the Rev. Gilbert Kennedy, &c., entered the profession of the law, in which he attained to much eminence; married Elizabeth, relict of —— Campbell, Esq., of Newry ; but died without issue. George, fourth son, in the linen trade, which he carried on at Kennedy's Grove, his father's residence in county Down ; but shortly after his marriage with Mary, daughter of Rev. Patrick Simpson, Presbyterian minister of Dundalk, he removed to Mount Pleasant, in the county Louth, where he died. Five sons were issue, Patrick Simpson, Henry McNeill, Malcolm, George, and James Thomas.

Patrick Simpson, eldest son, entered the law; married Elizabeth, daughter of John Fleming, Esq., M.D., of Banbridge, county Down, by whom he had seven sons, Simpson, John, George, James, Henry, William, and Malcolm; and two daughters, Margaret and Elizabeth. Simpson, the eldest son, at first entered the law, then into the army ; now major in the 68th Regiment of Infantry ; married Catherine, daughter of —— Blackwell, Esq., of Tipperary, and has issue surviving two daughters, Caroline and Emily.

John, the second son, resides in Dublin, an apothecary; married twice, first, Mary, daughter of Mr. James M'Neilly, of Mourne, county Down, and had issue one son, James, a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, engaged at present in the profession of the law. John married, secondly, Martha, daughter of Mr. Fleming, of Strabane, county Tyrone, and has issue two sons, Henry and John, and three daughters, Elizabeth, Margaret, and Mary.

George, third son of Patrick Simpson Kennedy, died unmarried.

James, fourth son, died in London, unmarried.

Henry, the fifth son, is resident in Dublin; had issue by Sarah, daughter of the above-mentioned Mr. M'Neilly, of Mourne. She died in 1815, leaving an only daughter, Jane, still living.

William resides in London, where he married Elizabeth, daughter of —— Louden, Esq., Shropshire; no issue.

Malcolm, seventh son, died in Dublin, unmarried, January, 1820.

Henry M'Neil, second son of George Kennedy and Miss Simpson, resided in Dublin; practised as a doctor; married Anne, daughter of John Smyth, Esq., of Cootehill, county Cavan; had issue Henry, graduate of Trinity College, Dublin; died December, 1822, unmarried; and two daughters, Margaret, married to Robert Smyth, Esq., of Dublin, Barrister-at-law; and Mary.

Malcolm, the third son, resided in Dublin; practised as an attorney; married Ellen, widow of John Kennedy, Esq., of Dublin, by whom he had no issue.

George, the fourth son, was a doctor; lived in Dublin, and died unmarried.

James Thomas, fifth son, went to India when young; made a considerable fortune in Calcutta, where he was a merchant; married Mary Wilkins, of that city, in 1792, and had issue seven sons——George Alexander, James Thomas, Henry, Thomas Lee, William, Gilbert, MacDonald; and six daughters, Mary, Catherine Elvira, Susan, Elizabeth, Anne, and Charlotte. Of whom George Alexander is a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, and Fellow of the College of Physicians; is unmarried; James Thomas, the second son, is captain in the Honourable East India Company's Civil Service; unmarried; Henry, third son, graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, in Established Church, at present curate of Clonfeacle, Armagh archdiocese; Thomas Lee, the fourth son, was an officer in the Company's service; died some time since, in consequence of a wound received while hunting, by the sudden discharge of his fowling-piece; was unmarried.

William, the fifth son, at present an officer in the Company's service.

Gilbert, the sixth son, entered Trinity College, Dublin, under his cousin, the compiler of this statement, and some time after left for the law, to an eminent practitioner of which he is now serving his time.

Mac Donald, the seventh son, is at present preparing for entrance into Trinity College, Dublin.


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Author's note: Gilbert second Earl of Cassilis, had, as appears from the Charter of the mains of Cassilis and other lands, several sons, of whom Gilbert, the eldest, inherited the honors, etc., and Thomas, the second, had a charter of the lands of Ardmillan, or Ardmilland, in Ayrshire. He was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas, who died in November, 1586, and was succeeded by Thomas, his eldest son, as appears from his retour* of heirship, dated 9th May, 1609. This last Thomas Kennedy had three sons—Thomas, Hugh, and Gilbert, as appears from the College of Glasgow, where the first and last studied, and the records of the Court of Chancery, where the retour of the second son as heir was discovered by Dr. Kennedy’s agent which retour took place in 1640. The records of their matriculation bear date, respectively, 1637 and 1642. *According to Merriam-Webster, the word, retour, is chiefly Scottish, meaning “the return made to the court of chancery on a brieve of inquest with the jury’s verdict thereon.” Source: (accessed 2016-07-06).


Transcriber's note: At this time, the parish, or "living," of Donaghmore included the town of Dungannon, latterly part of the parish of Drumglass.


Transcriber's note: At this stage in Irish history, Presbyterian ministers were assigned to congregations only at the pleasure of the Archbishop of the Church of Ireland (that is, the established church). However, in the first instance of the Rev. Thomas Kennedy's career in Ireland, it appears that the Archbishop appointed him to a Church of Ireland parish. At least as interesting is the fact that he was not then required to conform to the ritual of the Church of England. However, with the accession of Charles II. in 1660 and the introduction of the Act of Nonconformity, &c., Thomas Kennedy was ejected from that living for nonconformity. Afterwards, the Rev. Mr. Kennedy became the minister of the Presbyterian congregation at Carland.


Transcriber's note: See this link to a historical outline of the "persecuting and troublesome times" ushered in after the accession of Charles II.


Transcriber's note: The Bawn was probably "The Bonn" townland in the parish of Pomeroy. Here, until removed in the late twentieth century, lay the ruins of an old fortification or bawn.


Transcriber's note: A genealogical proof for this assertion——that is, that William O'Brien was nearly related to the Lords of Inchiquin and Ibrican of the county Clare——has not yet been found.


Author's note: Part of my late uncle’s estate entailed on me came into the family by this marriage, viz. the half townland of Aughalarg, near Stewartstown, of which the remaining half is enjoyed by Sir Hugh Stewart, in consequence of the first of these marriages.


Author's note: The issue of this marriage was a son, Andrew Thomas Bailie, who inherited part of the Bailie estate in the county Tyrone, which, as he never married, ho bequeathed to my late uncle and his half-brother, Dr. Thomas Kennedy, of Kilmore, county Down, entailing it in the eldest male line. Of this and other property of my said uncle I am now legal heir. The founder of this family of Bailie was a younger son of Lemington (Lamington), and was one of the earliest Scottish settlers in the North of Ireland.


Transcriber's note: Link to the Stevenson of Stewartstown pages.

Transcriber's note: In 1739, Letitia Kennedy (1718-1797) married John Huggins (d.1756) of Glenarb townland, parish of Aghaloo, county Tyrone.


Transcriber's note: Sarah Kennedy was the wife of William Huggins (d.1802) of Glenarb townland, parish of Aghaloo, later of Gortgonis and Coalisland, county Tyrone.


Transcriber's note: James Kennedy, son of Nicholas Ward Kennedy, later James Kennedy-Bailie (1793-1864), the author of the MSS. on which this article was based.


Transcriber's note: During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the Huggins family of Glenarb, parish of Aghaloo, had strong connections to the mercantile trade of Calcutta and the manufacture of indigo in East Bengal.


Transcriber's note: Maria's father was Noble Ledlie, whose surname features largely in the genealogy of both the Stephensons of Killyfaddy, county Armagh, and the Stevensons of Stewartstown.

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