William Shuter Huggins (d.1896) & Margaret Mackenzie (d.1906)

Please note that many of the links in this sketch open in new windows. The footnote references are hyperlinked to the Sources section at the bottom of this page.

William Shuter Huggins was the only child of John Alexander Huggins (c.1794–1858) and Mary Shuter, his wife. He was born in Skenarget townland in the parish of Desertcreat, county Tyrone. [1] [2] [3]

In 1841, when he was nineteen years of age, William attested to the Royal Regiment of Artillery at Charlemont in county Armagh. An abstract of his British Army service record follows:

  • Ranks held: Gunner (1841-44) and Bombardier (1844-47); Corporal (1847–49), Serjeant (1849-54, 1855-56, 1856–63), and Colour Serjeant (1854-55, 1855-56).
  • Served with the 4th Battalion (1841–46), 10th Battalion (1846–55), 13th Battalion (1854–1859), Depot Brigade (1859–60), and 7th Brigade (1860–63), of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.
  • Discharged at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 17th January 1863; 21 years 130 days’ service; rank: Serjeant, regiment: 7th Brigade, Royal Regiment of Artillery. Served abroad in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 5 years 4 months. Description: 42 years 3 months, 5ft 8in., fair complexion, blue eyes, dark brown hair, occupation: clock maker, intended place of residence: Halifax, Nova Scotia. Gratuity Medalist per Gen. Reg’t Order, 7th July (49.683). [3]

Sergeant William Huggins of the Royal Artillery was awarded the Medal of Merit in October, 1860. [10]

When the 1851 census of England was enumerated, William was stationed at Woolwich in Kent. He was a Sergeant with the 10th Battalion of the Royal Artillery, and stated that he was born at Desarcrate (i.e., Desertcreat), county Tyrone, age 28-6/12 years. [2]

On the 7th September 1855, William married Miss Margaret Mackenzie (c.1836–1906), daughter of Hugh, at Ipswich, Suffolk. [1]

Though William’s family were not found in the 1871 census of Canada, he was recorded in Lovell’s Province of Nova Scotia Directory for 1871—listed as a superintendent of the Garrison Club in Halifax. [4] No listings were found for William in McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1875-76 or 1876-77. However, the directory for 1878-79 lists William as a clerk, living in a house at 13 Falkland Street. [5] In 1879-80, McAlpine’s lists William as a trader, residing at 11 Bauer, which address is just around the corner from the previous address; William’s son, George, is shown as a school teacher, boarding with his father. [6] According to McAlpine’s 1880-81 directory, William was residing at no. 7 Cunard court; sons George, a school teacher, and William, a clerk, were boarding with their father. [7] 

William’s and Margaret’s household was enumerated in the 1881 census of Canada as follows:

  • Wm. Huggins, married, 59, Irish, born Ireland, Pensioner, C. [Canadian] Presbyterian
  • Margt. Huggins, married, 45, Scottish, born Scotland, C. Presbyterian
  • Mary E. Gladman, married, Irish, 24, born England, C. Presbyterian
  • G.M. [George Melbourne] Huggins, male, 20, Irish, born Nova Scotia, Teacher P. [Public] School, C. Presbyterian
  • Wm. H. Huggins, 18, Irish, born Nova Scotia, Clerk, C. Presbyterian
  • John A. Huggins, 14, Irish, born Nova Scotia, Druggist, C. Presbyterian
  • C.E. [Charles Edward] Huggins, Male, 12, Irish, born Nova Scotia, School, C. Presbyterian
  • Wm. Gladman, 1, Irish, born Nova Scotia, C. Presbyterian, Born Jun; 10/12
  • Mary Ferguson, 18, Scottish, born Nova Scotia, C. Presbyterian
  • census place: Halifax, Nova Scotia (Ward 5) [8]

A daughter, Alice M., had died in infancy, on the 28th August 1865. [18]

In February, 1869, William was one of the legatees named in his uncle, Dr. William Huggins’ last will and testament[19] 

Directory listings, continued:

  • McAlpine’s 1881-82 Halifax City Directory lists William as a trader, residing at no. 7 Cunard court; sons John, a drug clerk, and William, a clerk, are boarders in the home. [9] 
  • The directory listing for the next year is the same, though William, sen. is listed as a clerk. No change occurs in the directory until 1884-85 when William, sen. has no occupation listed beside his name, and his son, William, is listed as a musician; George and John continue to board at home, also. [11]
  • By 1889-90, William had moved his family to no. 248 Gottingen street; Charles, John and William, jun. were boarding at home. [12] 
  • William was recorded at no. 109 Maynard in 1890-91; Charles and William continued to board at home. According to the directory, the house was situated between Cunard and Gerrish streets. [13] 

The 1891 census of Canada enumerated the household as follows:

  • Wm. Huggans, male, age 69, married, born Ireland, father born in Ireland, mother born in Ireland, Presbyterian, Pensioner
  • Margaret, female, age 77, married, born Scotland, father born in Scotland, mother born in Scotland, Presbyterian
  • Wm H., male, age 27, born in Nova Scotia, Presbyterian, Barrister
  • Charles E., male, age 22, born in Nova Scotia, Presybterian, Druggist
  • census place: Halifax (Ward 5a), Nova Scotia [14] 

William Shuter Huggins died in Halifax on the 14th January 1896, aged seventy-four years. His body was buried in Camp Hill cemetery. [15] 

When the 1901 census was enumerated, Margaret was living with her son, Charles, and daughter-in-law, Bessie:

  • Charles E. Huggins, male, white, head, married, born 20 December 1867, age 33, born in Hova Scotia, racial origin: English, Presbyterian, Druggist, reads and writes, mother tongue: English
  • Bessie, female, white, wife, married, born 18 July 1876, age 24, born in Nova Scotia, racial origin: English, Baptist, reads and writes, mother tongue: English
  • Margaret, female, white, mother, widow, born in 1833 [sic], age 67, born in Scotland, racial origin: Scotch, Presbyterian, reads and writes, speaks English; mother tongue: Scotch Gaelic; immigrated to Canada in 1858
  • census place: Halifax, Nova Scotia [16] 

Margaret Huggins, née Mackenzie, died on the 18th May 1906, aged seventy years. Her body was buried in Camp Hill cemetery. [17] 

Links:

  • Huggins of Glenarb, parish of Aghaloo – index page
  • Biographical sketches, outlines, and timelines – index page

Sources:

1.

General Register Office (England). Certified Copy of an Entry of Marriage. William Shuter Huggins, son of John Huggins of Desertcreat, Farmer, and Margaret Mackenzie, daughter of Hugh Mackenzie, Farmer; marriage solemnized 7th September 1855, in St. Matthew’s parish church in Ipswich, Suffolk. Civil registration purchased by Alison Kilpatrick from the General Register Office, Southport, England, 11 September 2008 (archival ref. application no. 484875-1, other ref. MXD 936171).

2.

England 1851 Census. William Huggins, soldier, unmarried, age 28-6/12, Serg’t, 10th Batt’n, Royal Artillery, born at Desercrate [sic], co. Tyrone; in Woolwich Dockyard, Kent. Original record: Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851 (Kew, Surrey: The National Archives). Archival ref. HO 107, piece 1588. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-28).

3.

British Army Service Record. William Huggins, b.1822 at or near Cookstown, parish of Desarcrate [sic], county Tyrone. Attested at Charlemont, county Tyrone, 24th September 1841, aged 19 years, by trade a clock maker. Ranks held: Gunner (1841-44) and Bombardier (1844-47); Corporal (1847–49), Serjeant (1849-54,1855-56) Colour Serjeant (1854-55,1855-56). Served with the 4th Battalion (1841–46), 10th Battalion (1846–55), 13th Battalion (1854–1859), Depot Brigade (1859–60), and 7th Brigade (1860–63), of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Discharged at Halifax, Nova Scotia, 17th January 1863; 21 years 130 days’ service; rank: Serjeant, regiment: 7th Brigade, Royal Regiment of Artillery. Served abroad in Halifax, Nova Scotia, 5 years 4 months. Description: 42 years 3 months, 5ft 8in., fair complexion, blue eyes, dark brown hair, occupation: clock maker, intended place of residence: Halifax, Nova Scotia. Gratuity Medalist per Gen. Reg’t Order, 7th July (49.683). Original record held by The National Archives (England); archival ref. WO97/1328/179. Digital images online at findmypast.co.uk (accessed and extract by Alison Kilpatrick, 2010-06-12).

4.

Lovell’s Province of Nova Scotia Directory for 1871. Extract: William Huggins, superintendent, Garrison Club, Halifax (pg. 228). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada, www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).

5.

McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1878-79. Extract: William Huggins, clerk, 13 Falkland Street, Halifax (pg. 152). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).

6.

McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1879-80. Extract: George Huggins, school teacher, boarding with William Huggins, Halifax (pg. 144). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada, www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).

7.

McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1880-81. Extract: William Huggins, 7 Cunard Court, Halifax; with George, school teacher, and William, clerk, boarding (pg. 133). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).

8.

Canada 1881 Census. William Shuter Huggins, age 59, with wife, Margaret (45), and children: Mary E. Gladman (24), G.M. (20), Wm. H. (18), John A. (14), C.E. (12); and grandson, Wm. Gladman (10 months); and Mary J. Ferguson, age 18; Halifax, Nova Scotia. Original record: National Archives Canada, ref. NAC C-13168, District 9, Subdistrict E, Ward 5, pg. 63, family no. 330. Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (FHL film no. 1375804); index online at familysearch.org (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-28); confirmed to digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription).

9.

McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1881-82. Extract: William Huggins, trader, 7 Cunard Court; with John, drug clerk, and William, clerk, boarding (pg. 137). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25). ☛ Please note: The street directory describes Cunard Court as commencing at Proctors Lane and running south; however, I cannot find that location on a modern map...interpreting the proximity of the Cunard court and the Cunard street listings in this directory, Cunard court may have been in the vicinity of the intersection of Cunard and Maynard streets.

10.

(a) Times (London), 24 October 1860 (pg. 12). Medal of Merit awarded to Sergeant William Huggins of the Royal Artillery.
(b) 
Naval & Military Gazette and Weekly Chronicle of the United Service, 27 October 1860 (pg. 5). “Ordnance.” Extract: “The following are the names of the recipients in the Rl. Artillery of the medal and gratuity for ‘long service and good conduct’ for the current year:—[several names listed, including:] Serj. William Huggins, …” Digital image online at The British Newspaper Archive, www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk (accessed by subscription; extract by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-19).

11.

McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1884-85. Extract: William Huggins, no occupation; with [son] William, musician, George and John, boarding (pg. 158). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).

12.

McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1889-90. Extract: William Huggins, 248 Gottingen Street, Halifax; Charles, John, and William [jun.], boarding (pg. 165). Digital images hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).

13.

McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1890-91. Extract: William Huggins, 109 Maynard Street, Halifax; Charles and William [jun.], boarding (pg. 177-78 & 456). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).

14.

Canada 1891 Census. William Shuter Huggins (age 69), with wife, Margaret (77), and sons, William H. (27) and Charles E. (22); in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Original record: National Archives of Canada. Archival ref. District 33, Ward 5 F, pp 69-70; enumerated 25th April 1891. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-29).

15.

Province of Nova Scotia (Canada). Register of Deaths, City of Halifax, Nova Scotia. William Shuter Huggins, died 14 January 1896; cause of death: peritonitis; buried in Camp Hill cemetery. Original record: Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management. Archival ref. pg. 145, no. 30. Online at www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/vitalstats/death/halifax/ (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-31).

16.

Canada 1901 Census. Charles E. Huggins, age 33, with wife, Bessie (24), and mother, Margaret (67); in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Original record held by Library and Archives Canada (Ottawa): Census of Canada, 1901, series RG31-C-1, Statistics Canada fonds, microfilm reels T-6428 to T-6556, census ref. district no. 33, subdistrict “D”, polling sub-division no. 4, pg. 13. Transcript online at automatedgenealogy.com (accessed 2008-08-30). Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2017-08-22).

17.

Province of Nova Scotia (Canada). Register of Deaths, City of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Margaret Huggins née Mackenzie, widow, Scotch, 1 Poplar Grove, Halifax, died 18 May 1906, aged 73 years; cause of death: Bright’s disease; buried in Camp Hill cemetery; informant: Charles Edward Huggins. Original record: Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management. Archival ref. pg. 97, no. 53. Online at www.gov.ns.ca/nsarm/vitalstats/death/halifax/ (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-31).

18.

Camp Hill Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Cemetery Records. Alice M. Huggins of Halifax. Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management (Halifax). Archival ref. PANS microfilm no. 12046; held by  Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-09-27.

19.

State of Kentucky (USA). Wills and Probate Records. Will of William Huggins, probate granted 9 November 1869. Original record: Wills, Vol. VI-VII (1862-1872), County Court (Jefferson County). Digital copy online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2015-09-03).

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