William Hugh Huggins, LL.B, K.C. (1863–1928), of Ottawa

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William Hugh Huggins was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the 29th April 1863, the third child and second son of William Shuter Huggins (c.1823–1896) of Desertcreat, county Tyrone, and Margaret Mackenzie (c.1836–1906) of Scotland. [1] He was the grandson of William Huggins (c.1749–1802) and Sarah Kennedy of Coalisland, county Tyrone.

From 1880-82, William was employed as a clerk, and was boarding in his father’s home at no. 7 Cunard court. By 1889/90, he was working as a stenographer, and boarding in his father’s home at no. 248 Gottingen street. In the following year, William was a law student, and the family had moved to 109 Maynard street. [2] By 1890, William Hugh Huggins had obtained his LL.B. degree, and admitted to the Bar of the province of Nova Scotia. [3] 

On the 24th March 1897, William married Miss Alena Crosby Mary Artz at Hebron in southwestern Nova Scotia. [4] Miss Artz was born on the 19th January 1877, the daughter of George Henry Artz and Caroline Crosby. [4] [5] [6] 

William’s and Alena’s household was enumerated in the 1901 census:

  • Wm H. Huggins, male, white, head, married, born 9 April 1863, age 37, born in Nova Scotia, origin: Irish, nationality: Canadian, Presbyterian, Barrister, income $2000, mother tongue: English
  • Alena, female, wife, married, born 19 Jan 1877, age 24, born in Nova Scotia, origin: German, Canadian, Baptist
  • Hugh, male, son, single, born 23 Oct 1898, age 2, born in Nova Scotia, Irish, Canadian, Baptist
  • census place: Halifax, Nova Scotia [6] 

Until 1911, William practised his profession as a barrister and stenographer in the Queen’s buildings, while his home was at no. 31 Tower road, in Halifax. [7] In 1911, he entered the Civil Service of Canada. [3] He was recorded in the 1911 census as a resident of Ottawa. He was recorded as W. Huggins, age 48 years, a lodger at no. 109 Gloucester street, origin: Irish, born in Nova Scotia in April 1863, nationality: Canadian, Presbyterian, and employed as a civil servant, income $1000, life insurance $1000, accident insurance $500, reads and writes, and speaks English. [8] Alena and son, Hugh, might have been in transit from Nova Scotia to their new home in Ottawa, as they have not been found in the 1911 census.

In 1916, William Hugh Huggins was appointed Secretary to the Pelagic Sealing Commission, the mandate of which was to investigate claims of Canadian sealers claiming indemnity for losses suffered by reason of the Pelagic Sealing Treaty between Great Britain and the United States, Russia, and Japan. [3] 

The 1921 census enumerated William’s and Alena’s household as follows:

  • Wm Hugh Huggins, 298 OConnor St, owns home, head, male, married, age 58, born in Nova Scotia, father born in Ireland, mother born in Scotland, nationality: Canada, racial origin: Irish, speaks English, does not speak French, Presbyterian, reads and writes; Barrister, working for Gov’t., income $3000
  • Alena, wife, female, married, age 44, born in Nova Scotia, both parents born in Nova Scotia, nationality: Canada, racial origin: English, Presbyterian, ...
  • Hugh, son, male, single, age 22, born in Nova Scotia, ..., Student in college
  • Bessie Whitman, lodger, female, widow, age 54, born in Nova Scotia, ... racial origin: Glenard[?], Church of England
  • Geo. Henry Artz,* lodger, male, widow, age 86, born in Nova Scotia, ... racial origin: English, Presbyterian ... *Alena’s father.
  • census place: Ottawa, Ontario [9] 

William Hugh Huggins, LL.B., K.C., died in Ottawa Civil Hospital after an extended illness, on the 19th September 1928. [10] His body was interred at Beechwood Cemetery, 21st September. [11]

The Gazette (Montréal), 20 Sept. 1928:

  W.H. Huggins Dead.

  Ottawa, September 19.—William Hugh Huggins, K.C., aged 65 years, official court reporter of the Exchequer Court of Canada and prominent in legal circles throughout the Dominion, died here early today following a protracted illness.

  Mr. Huggins had held the important post at the Exchequer Court since 1911 in which year he was approved King’s Counsel by the province of Nova Scotia. [12]

Alena Crosby Mary Huggins, née Artz, survived her husband by nearly forty years. She died in Ottawa on the 20th June 1968, aged ninety-one years. Her body was buried in the family plot at Beechwood cemetery. [13] 

Hugh Marshall Mackenzie Huggins, B.A., LL.B., was born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the 23rd October 1898. He was the only child of William Hugh Huggins (d.1928) and Alena Crosby Mary Artz (d.1968). [6] [14] 

Hugh attended several schools in the U.S., namely: Holderness School in Plymouth, New Hampshire; Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut; and New Hampshire College in Durham, New Hampshire. [15] In 1917 or 1918 (the card is undated), Hugh registered for the U.S. draft for military service. He was then living in New York City, attending the Marconi Radio School. [16] After obtaining a Bachelor of Arts degree in New Hampshire, Hugh took his LL.B. degree at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. [17] 

On 4th April 1948, he married Miss Edith Frances Courage Sadler in Ottawa. [18] Edith was born on the 3rd March 1918 in Christchurch, Hampshire, England, the daughter of Edgar J.S. Sadler and Lily A. Courage. [19] [20]

Hugh Huggins’ primary occupation was in the post of Hansard reporter for the federal government of Canada. [20] [21] However, it was for his musical talent that Mr. Huggins was perhaps better known in the Ottawa community and in Halifax, Nova Scotia. In the latter place, Hugh was the organist for Saint David’s Presbyterian church while attending law school at Dalhousie. Writers of a history for that institution dubbed him a “gifted amateur keyboardist.” [17] At home in Ottawa, he was the organist for All Saints Church and gave recitals with regular frequency. [22] 

Hugh Marshall Mackenzie Huggins died at Ottawa on the 27th January 1984, in his eighty-sixth year. His body was interred in Beechwood cemetery. [23] His wife, Edith Frances Courage Huggins, née Sadler, survived him by twenty-five years, dying on the 29th January 2009 in Ottawa. [20] 

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Links:

  • Huggins of Glenarb, parish of Aghaloo – index page
  • Biographical sketches, outlines, and timelines – index page

Sources:

1.

Canada 1881 Census. William Shuter Huggins, age 59, with wife, Margaret (45), and children: Mary E. Gladman (24), G.M. (20), Wm. H. (18), John A. (14), C.E. (12); and grandson, Wm. Gladman (10 months); and Mary J. Ferguson, age 18; Halifax, Nova Scotia. Original record: National Archives Canada, ref. NAC C-13168, District 9, Subdistrict E, Ward 5, pg. 63, family no. 330. Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (FHL film no. 1375804); index online at familysearch.org (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-28); confirmed to digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription).

2.

(a) McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1880-81. Extract: William Huggins, 7 Cunard Court, Halifax; with George, school teacher, and William, clerk, boarding (pg. 133). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).
(b) McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1881-82
. Extract: William Huggins, trader, 7 Cunard Court; with John, drug clerk, and William, clerk, boarding (pg. 137). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).
(c) 
McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1889-90. Extract: William Huggins, 248 Gottingen Street, Halifax; Charles, John, and William [jun.], boarding (pg. 165). Digital images hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).
(d) McAlpine’s Halifax City Directory for 1890-91. Extract: William Huggins, 109 Maynard Street, Halifax; Charles and William [jun.], boarding (pg. 177-78 & 456). Digital image hosted online by Library and Archives Canada www.collectionscanada.gc.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2009-11-25).

3.

The Dalhousie Gazette (Halifax, Nova Scotia), 18 Feb 1920. Vol. LII, No. 6. Biographical note for William Hugh Huggins (1863-1928). Digital copy online at Dalhousie University, www.dalspace.library.dal.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2015-12-13).

4.

Province of Nova Scotia, Canada. Civil Registration of a Marriage. William Hugh Huggins, age 34, bachelor, Barrister, resident of Halifax, born in Halifax, son of William (soldier) and Margaret. Alena Crosby Mary Artz, age 20, spinster, resident of Hebron, born in Hebron, daughter of George (farming) and Caroline. Marriage solemnized by licence, by the Rev. J.W. Tingley (Baptist), 24th March 1897, at Hebron, Yarmouth County. Original record: Nova Scotia Records and Archives Management. Archival ref. book 1840, pg 28, no. 24. Digital image online at novascotiagenealogy.com (accessed and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).

5.

Beechwood Cemetery, Ontario. Interment Records. George Henry Artz (1835–1924) and Caroline Crosby Artz (1845–1918); date of interment: 14 October 1959; place of interment: section 21, lot 31, grave no. 3; funeral director: Hulse and Playfair; informant: Hugh Huggins, nephew. Transcript by the Ottawa Genealogical Society; by e-mail, A. Kilpatrick, 2009-01-16.

6.

Canada 1901 Census. William Hugh Huggins, age 37, with wife, Alena (24), and son, Hugh (2); in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Original record held by Library and Archives Canada (Ottawa): Census of Canada, 1901, series RG31-C-1, Statistics Canada fonds, microfilm reels T-6428 to T-6556. Archival ref. district no. 33, subdistrict “A”, polling sub-division no. 1; return completed by Geo. H. Artz [William’s father-in-law], pg. 1. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).

7.

McAlpine’s Nova Scotia Directory, 1907-08. Extracts for: George M. Huggins, principal, Richmond School; and William Huggins, clerk, WH Tuttle; and John Huggins, manager, Cameron’s Drug Store. Digital image online at Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management, novascotiagenealogy.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).

8.

Canada 1911 Census. W. Huggins, age 48, lodger, 109 Gloucester street, Ottawa, Ontario. Original record: Library and Archives Canada (Ottawa): Census of Canada, 1911, Series RG31-C-1, Statistics Canada Fonds, microfilm reels T-20326 to T-20460. Archival ref. census ref. district no. 105, sub-district 12 - Central Ward, pg. 10, family no. 102 (Charlote Brady, head). Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2009-01-10).

9.

Canada 1921 Census. William Hugh Huggins, age 58, with wife, Alena (44), son, Hugh (22), Bessie Whitman (lodger), and George Henry Artz [Alena’s father]; in Ottawa, Ontario. Original record held by Library and Archives Canada, Sixth Census of Canada, 1921 (Ottawa); series RG31, Statistics Canada fonds. Archival ref. district no. 10, subdistrict no. 110, enumeration district no. 33, Ottawa Central Ward, pg. 2B. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).

10.

Province of Ontario (Canada). Civil Registration of a Death. William Hugh Huggins, died 19 September 1928, Ottawa Civic Hospital; son of William S. and Margaret Huggins, Halifax, Nova Scotia; resident in the province of Ontario, 17 years; cause of death: chronic myocarditis 5 years, secondary anemia 18 days; informant: Hugh M. Mackenzie Huggins of 298 O’Connor Street, Ottawa (son); buried 21 September 1928 in Beechwood cemetery, Ottawa. Original record: Ontario Archives, Toronto. Archival ref. file no. 011309. Extract by Alison Kilpatrick at the Archives, 2008-08-28.

11.

Beechwood Cemetery (Ottawa, Ontario). Interment Records. William Hugh Huggins of 298 O’Connor Street, Ottawa; born in Halifax, Nova Scotia; age at death: 65 years 4 months 20 days; date of death: 19 September 1925 [sic]; cause of death: chronic myocarditis; buried 21st September 1928 in plot 21-31 SW; parents: William S. and [blank] Huggins; funeral director: G.H. Rogers, Ltd.; informant: Hugh M. Huggins, son. Beechwood Cemetery ref. interment no. 22473. Transcript by the Ottawa Genealogical Society; obtained by e-mail, A. Kilpatrick, 2009-01-16.

12.

The Gazette (Montréal), 20 September 1928 (pg. 2). Obituary for William Hugh Huggins, K.C., of Ottawa. Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-21).

13.

Ottawa Journal, 22 June 1968 (pg. 24). Death notice “Huggins, Alena Mary Crosby—At her residence, 298 O’Connor, Thursday, June 20, 1968, Alena Artz, widow of William Huggins, Q.C., and mother of Hugh Huggins, in her 93rd year. A private service was held at Veitch Draper Ltd., Bank Street, Friday. Interment was in Beechwood Cemetery.” Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2015-11-03).

14.

Province of Nova Scotia (Canada). Application for Registration of Birth. Under the Vital Statistics Act, Chap. 20, R.S. 1923. Affidavits submitted for the birth of Hugh Marshall Mackenzie Huggins, 23 October 1898, 29-1/2 Tower Road, Halifax; son of William Hugh Huggins and Alena Crosby Mary Artz. Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management. Archival ref. book 1904, pg. 70302241, no. 2241. Digital images online at novascotiagenealogy.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-30).

15.

(a) U.S. Border Crossings from Canada to U.S., 1895–1960. Manifest: Port of Newport, Vermont, 9-27-1916 [27 September 1916]. Hugh Marshall Huggins, age 16 years, male, student; born at Halifax, N.S.; nationality: Canadian; race: English; reads; speaks English; money shown: $200; last permanent residence: Ottawa, Canada; destination: Plymouth, New Hampshire; passage paid by self; ever in U.S. – no; relative or friend: Holderness School; description: 5ft 5in, fair complexion, light hair, blue eyes; name and address of nearest relative or friend in country whence alien came: Fr [Father] W.H. Huggins, Ottawa, Ont.; C.P.R. 212; admitted. Original record: The National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Washington, D.C.; Manifests of Alien Arrivals at Newport, Vermont, ca. 1906-June 1924; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787 - 2004; Record Group Number: 85; Series Number: A3402; Roll Number: 004. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2008-08-31).
(b) U.S. Border Crossings from Canada to U.S., 1895–1960. “List or Manifest of Alien Passengers Applying for Admission.” Extract: No. 25. Hugh Marshall Huggins, age 16, male, single, Student, reads and writes, nationality: Canadian, race or people English; last permanent residence: Ottawa, Ont., Canada; name and address of nearest relative or friend in country when alien came: Father  W.H. Huggins; destination: Plymouth, New Hampshire; passage paid by self, money on hand: $200; where going to join: Holderness School, Plymouth, N.H.; description: 5ft 5in, fair complexion, light hair, blue eyes; place of birth: Halifax, Canada; seaport of landing: Newport, Vermont; date of landing: 27 September 1916, name of RR: CP 212, date of examination: 27 September 1916. Original record: The National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Washington, D.C.; Manifests of Passengers Arriving at St. Albans, VT, District through Canadian Pacific and Atlantic Ports, 1895-1954; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1787 - 2004; Record Group Number: 85; Series Number: M1464; Roll Number: 320. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-31).
(c) The Ottawa Citizen (Ottawa, Ontario), 13 September 1919 (pg. 23). Note re: Hugh Huggins, son of W.H. Huggins, K.C., return to school at Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut. Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-21).
(d)
 The Ottawa Citizen (Ottawa, Ontario), 18 September 1920 (pg. 27). Note re: Hugh Huggins, son of W.H. Huggins, K.C., return to school at New Hampshire College, Durham, New Hampshire. Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-21).

16.

U.S. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918. Hugh Marshall Huggins, serial no. 3188, order no. 1323. Original record: United States, Selective Service System. World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. Archival ref. Registration State: New York; Registration County: New York; Roll: 1786815; Draft Board: 154. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2008-08-31).

17.

Cahill, Barry, Laurence DeWolfe, Murray Alary, Elizabeth A. Chard, and Lois Yorke. The Blue Banner; Presbyterian Church of Saint David and Presbyterian Witness in Halifax. Citing Hugh Marshall MacKenzie Huggins, “a law student at Dalhousie and gifted amateur keyboardist.” (pg. 172)  McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2008.

18.

The Ottawa Journal (Ottawa, Ontario), 7 April 1948 (pg. 26). Marriage notice “HUGGINS–SADLER.—On Saturday, April 3, 1948, at 11.30 a.m. at the Church of the Ascension, by Rev. A.E.L. Caulfeild, Edith, daughter of Mr. Edgar Sadler and the late Mrs. Sadler, to Hugh Marshall Huggins, son of Mrs. Alena Huggins and the late Mr. Huggins, all of Ottawa.” Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2014-03-24).

19.

General Register Office (England & Wales) Index of Civil Registrations of Births. Extract: Edith F.C. Sadler (mother’s surname: Courage), 1st quarter ending 31 March 1918, Christchurch RD (Hampshire), vol. 2b, pg. 9[-]2. Original record held by the General Register Office, Southport, Hampshire. Index and digital image online at FreeBMD, www.freebmd.org.uk (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).

20.

S.C., compiler of the “Courage Family Tree.” Online at www.ancestry.ca (accessed 2017-08-22), by permission; e-mail dated 22nd August 2018. ☛ Please note that the name of the compiler has been obscured only to protect the person’s privacy. We are very grateful to this individual for this contribution of personal knowledge of Mr. Huggins family.~Alison Kilpatrick (2019-06-21).

21.

Government of Canada. The Dominion Elections Act. Finally Revised Urban List of Electors. Electoral District of Ottawa East, City of Ottawa. Urban Polling Division No. 6. Extract: “Concord Street: No. 108  Huggins, Hugh M., reporter (1); 108  Huggins, Mrs. Hugh M. (2); 108  Sadler, Edgar H., student (3); 108  Sadler, Edgar J., retired (4).” Original record: Original data: Voters Lists, Federal Elections, 1935–1980. R1003-6-3-E (RG113-B). Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2019-06-21).

22.

(a) The Ottawa Journal, 15 December 1930 (pg. 19). “Mr. Huggins’ Recital.” Citing Hugh Marshall Mackenzie Huggins at the organ at St. Alban’s Church; programme included  works by Grieg and Boellman. Digital image online at www.newspapers.com (accessed and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).
(b) The Ottawa Journal, 20 August 1937 (pg. 10). “Organ recitals are daily feature of Horticultural Show at fair.” Citing Hugh Marshall Mackenzie Huggins, organist of All Saints Church. Digital image online at www.newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).
(c) The Ottawa Journal, 12 January 1940 (pg. 7). “Hugh Huggins gives organ recital.” Citing a programme including works by Mozart, Boellman, Nevin, Hollins, and others. Digital image online at www.newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).
(d) The Ottawa Journal, 12 April 1941 (pg. 24). “All Saints’.” Citing Hugh Marshall Mackenzie Huggins (organist) and Miss Edith Sadler (soprano) in concert at All Saints’ Anglican church. Digital image online at www.newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).

23.

Beechwood Cemetery, Otttawa, Ontario. Interment Records. Hugh Huggins; born at Halifax, Nova Scotia; late residence: 15 Oakland Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario; occupation: not given; age at death: 85 years; date of death: 27 January 1984; date of interment: 1 February 1984; place of interment: section 21, lot 3; funeral director: Vetch-Draper, Ltd.; informants: [Private], and Edith Huggins. Beechwood cemetery ref. Interment no. 57497. Transcript by the Ottawa Genealogical Society; obtained by e-mail, A. Kilpatrick, 2009-01-16.

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