James Huggins (d.1863) & Mary Sublett (d.1897) of Kentucky

Many of the links in this timeline open in new windows. The footnote references are hyperlinked to the Sources section at the bottom of this page.

Please note that this biographical sketch mentions enslaved people who were used as chattel, or personal property, in real estate transactions, and who were enumerated (but nameless) in the U.S. 1830–1850 censuses.

Introduction:—James Huggins was the third son of William Huggins of Gortgonis and Coalisland, and Sarah Kennedy of Cookstown, both of the county of Tyrone. He was born in about 1797, probably in Gortgonis townland in the parish of Tullyniskin. [1] James had three brothers and one sister when their father died in about 1802. [2] In his last will and testament, Mr. Huggins consigned the custody of his children –“then wee infants”– to his nephew, Samuel Carson Huggins, of Ivylodge in Donnydeade townland, parish of Clonfeacle, south of Dungannon. [3] Neither the original will document nor a transcript survive. However, James’ sister was bequeathed a £1,000 marriage dowry by her father. [4] It seems reasonable to assume that James and his brothers, Thomas and William, were similarly provided for. His eldest brother, John Alexander Huggins (1794–1858), inherited their father’s leaseholds and other real property in Ireland.

Timeline:

1811-12-23 – The only evidence found of James’ youth is a news item published in the Belfast Commercial Chronicle newspaper of this date. He and his brother, Thomas, were in a boarding school at Crumlin Academy in county Antrim, and their permanent address was that of their elder first cousin and guardian, Samuel Carson Huggins. James was awarded premiums for elocution, book-keeping, and English, while Thomas was rewarded for his studies in Christian Morality and Evidences, and English. [5] 

1826-07-17 – James Huggins emigrated to the United States sometime before 1830. The earliest evidence found to date of his removal to that country is his signature, affixed to a document dated 17 July 1826, and addressed to the Honorable Henry Clay:

  From Thomas Jefferson Bartlett and Others
  To the Honorable H Clay
  Versailles July 17 1826.
    Sir.
    The undersigned in behalf of the Managers of a Barbacue
  (sic) and Dance, to be furnished by James D. Smith on the
  LaFayette Green near Versailles, on Thursday next; Beg leave
  to congratulate you on your return home, to the bosom of
  your family and friends, and to assure you of the unabated
  regard and Esteem of the Citizens of Woodford--and to request
  that you will honor us with Your Company on that day.
    Thomas Jefferson Bartlett
    James Huggins
    D.L. Jackson
    John W. Coleman
    Come. &c.
[6] 

1826-10-07 – A Mr. Huggins, presumably James, was named one of B.M. Markham’s agents in Woodford County during Mr. Markham’s travels to the states of Mississippi and Louisiana. [7] 

1827-12-24 – Bond and licence issued for the marriage of James Huggins and Mary Sublett in Woodford County, probably in the town of Versailles. [8] Mary was born 12th July 1810, the daughter of the late Lewis Sublett, jun., (d.1827) and Susan Coleman (d.1835) of Sublett’s Ferry in Woodford County. [9] 

1828-06-23 – In 1808, Lewis Sublett, sen., demised to his son, John T. Sublett, a tract of land, Ferry, and the premises at the mouth of Grier’s Creek in the western portion of Woodford County. When John T. Sublett (Mary’s paternal uncle) died in the War of 1812, he left to his daughter, Mariam [or Marian] one-half of Sublett’s Ferry and the associated tract of land. In 1813, Lewis Sublett, jun., purchased this one half for $1,000—one half of which said sum and one-half of the title remaining vested in Mariam. Over his lifetime, Lewis paid to Mariam $500, and in 1827 he died, leaving as his survivors, Susan Sublett, widow, and Mary, Thomas, Frances, Lewis, William, and Joel, his heirs. On this date, 23rd June 1828, Mariam and her husband, Cave Johnson, conveyed to Susan Sublett, widow, and Mary Huggins, wife of James Huggins, and Thomas Sublett, the tract of land, Ferry, and the premises at the mouth of Grier’s Creek, the same property which Lewis Sublett occupied when he died. [13] 

1828-08-28 – James’ Huggins name was added to a long list of subscribers to scholarships administered by the Presbyterian Education Society. [14] 

1828-10 – James Huggins subscribed his name, along with those of fifty-one other members of the Versailles branch of the Woodford Presbyterian Congregation. The petition begged the Presbytery to dissolve the connection between Versailles and Woodford, so that Versailles could “call a Minister who will devote the whole of his time to this congregation.” [15] 

‡ 1830-06-01 – James’ and Mary’s household was enumerated in the 1830 census, as follows [with transcriber’s notes inserted within square brackets]:

  • James Huggins, age between 30 and 40
  • White female [wife, Mary], age between 15 and 20
  • Female slave, age between 10 and 23
  • census place: Town of Versailles, Woodford County, Kentucky [11]

c.1830–1844 – Children born to Mary Sublett and James Huggins:

  • Susan, c.1830†
  • Sarah, c.1832†
  • Margaret, c.1834†
  • James, c.1837, d. between 1850-60; [36] [41]
  • Andrew, c.1840†
  • Louis H., b. 1 Feb. 1842, d. 8 Jan. 1918;
  • William, b. 27 Jan. 1844, d. 19 Feb. 1920. [9] [12]

    † The source for these years of birth was a family tree. Without baptismal records, which appear not to have survived from this early date, these can only be regarded as estimates. Indeed, the source for the names and births of the several children who died young has not been discovered.

1832-12-30 – For the consideration of $100, William Filson and Mary, his wife, Sarah J. Elliott, George F. Muldrew and Margaret, his wife, William Stevenson and Jane, his wife, and Nathaniel Bosworth, and Anne, his wife, conveyed a small parcel of land in the town of Versailles, situated adjacent to the alley back of James Huggins’s house, to James Huggins. [16] 

1832-12-31 – For the consideration of $1,900, Medley Shelton, William Filson and Mary, his wife, Sarah J. Elliott, George F. Muldrew and Margaret, his wife, William Stevenson and Jane, his wife, and Nathaniel Bosworth, and Anne, his wife, conveyed a parcel of land in the town of Versailles to James Huggins. The deed cites a brick house which had been purchased earlier by James Huggins from a Mr. McQuiddy, which Mr. Huggins occuped as a grocery. [17] 

1833-07-13 – For the consideration of an unspecified sum of money, Benjamin C. Craig and Anne H. Craig, his wife, conveyed a parcel of land in the town of Versailles to James Huggins. [18] 

1834-09-15 – A guardianship bond was taken out by Erasmus G. McGinnis in the amount of $5,000, in behalf of James Huggins, guardian of the three youngest children of his late father-in-law, Lewis Sublett, jun., namely William, Lewis, and Joel M. Sublette [sic]. [19] 

‡ 1835-04In his last will and testament, Lewis Sublett, jun., divided his slaves amongst his sons and sons-in-law, as follows: Joel D. Sublett, Lot no. 1; Thomas Sublett, Lot no. 2; Lewis Sublett, Lot no. 3; James Huggins, Lot no. 4; William Sublett, Lot no. 5; and Thomas Logan, Lot no. 6. [20] 

1836-05-07 – A deed of mortgage was executed by Medley Shelton of Woodford County whereby, for the consideration of $1, Mr. Shelton conveyed his right and title to James S. Berryman, who was acting as executor for the late David L. Jackson. This conveyance was made to secure to Mr. Berryman payment of notes payable from several people, including $708 owing from Hiram Wilhart, Abraham Wilhart, and James Huggins. [21] 

1836-11-17 – For the consideration of $3,600, William Johnson and Ann (K. or H.) Johnson, his wife, of Scott County, conveyed to James Huggins a parcel of land in Woodford County. The lot was described as comprising forty-eight acres on the water of Glenns Creek, citing Barnit Gittner, Noah Haydon, and Messrs. Cotton and Terrell as neighbours. [22] 

‡ 1838-03-09 – William Mayo of Woodford County executed a deed of mortgage for $140 owing to Ely Long, and $400 owing to William Harsnian [Harrison?], of which latter amount Randolph Railey and James Huggins had given security to Mr. Mayo in the amount of $200. [26] The property which Mr. Mayo used to secure the mortgage was two slaves,

Nancy 20 years Oald and her Child a girl named Ellen about 9 months oald. [26]
… whose names are written here to disclose the truth of their vulnerability.

1839-07-17 – For the consideration of $4,000, Randolph Railey, acting as Commissioner of the County of Woodford Circuit Court, conveyed to James Huggins a parcel of land in Woodford County. The land was described as situated on the waters of Glenns Creek, with boundaries touching on Christopher’s ferry road, the parcels owned by Burnit Gittner and Eli Long, and along the turnpike road leading from the town of Versailles to Christopher’s ferry. [27] 

‡ 1840-06-01James Huggins’ household was enumerated in the U.S. 1840 Census as follows, with [estimates as to the identity of James’ wife and son]:

  • James Huggins, age between 40 and 50
  • White female, age between 20 and 30 [wife, Mary]
  • White male, age under 5 [son, James Thomas]
  • 4 male slaves, age 36-54
  • 11 male slaves, age 24-35
  • 13 male slaves, age 10-23
  • 2 male slaves, age under 10
  • 2 female slaves, age 55-99
  • 2 female slaves, age 36-54
  • 6 female slaves, age 10-23
  • 3 female slaves, age under 10
  • Total slaves, 43
  • Total, all persons, 46
  • No. persons in each family employed in: manufacture and trade, 24 [or 28]
  • census place: Versailles, Woodford County, Kentucky [23] 

☛ Overview map of Woodford County, showing the approximate location of James Huggins’ rope walk and hemp factory, i.e., in the vicinity of Glenn’s Creek:

1877-map-woodford-ed

Source: Outline Map of Bourbon, Clark, Fayette, Jessamine and
Woodford Counties, Ky. pub. D.G. Beers and Co., 1877.
Digital image online at Historic Map Works, Residential Genealogy;
www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/83224/ (accessed 2019-07-03,
and adapted by Alison Kilpatrick to show the approximate location
[i.e., red circle] of James Huggins’ rope walk and hemp factory).
Link to larger map, showing Woodford, Jessamine, and Fayette counties.
Link to second map, highlighting locations pertaining to the
Huggins, Sublett, and Winn surnames in Woodford County.

1841-01 – James Huggins and Mary S. Huggins appended their signatures, with other members of the Presbyterian Church of Versailles, in a declaration that the church had dissolved its connection with West Lexington Presbyterian, and that Versailles would subscribe to the Presbyterian Confession of Faith. The congregation also passed resolutions approving attendance at the convention in Lexington, and for Brothers Isha[m] Railey, P.B. Morrow, Andrew Elliott, H.C. Blackburn, and James Huggins to procure the labours of a Presbyterian minister. [24] 

1841-10-08 – For the consideration of $5,000, Noah Haydon conveyed to James Huggins a parcel on the waters of Glenns Creek, containing five acres, one rood, and 14-1/2 poles. The parcel was adjacent both to the town of Versailles and to lots belonging to Norborne B. Cook and Robert Kinkead. [25] 

1841-10-13 – For the consideration of $3,000, Noah Haydon conveyed to James Huggins a parcel comprising a little more than three acres. The deed did not cite boundaries or landmarks, only that it lay within Woodford County. [28] 

‡ 1844-03-04 – James Huggins executed a deed of mortgage to William E. Ashmore, William Brown, and John M. Ferguson. [29] To secure debts amounting to $35,370, Mr. Huggins conveyed to Messrs. Ashmore et al his right and title to his house, 23-acre ropewalk and hemp factory, a debt of $1,200 due from Eli Long, all significiant household property, and not least, twenty-six slaves whose names were recorded as:

Boy Thornton, Little Thornton, Dick, Sam, Harry, Dave, Mark, Jony [or Jerry or Tony], Pres, Ned, Alfred, Mary and child Inda [or India], Merritt, Cassus, Alick, Ned McGuines, Oliver, Tom Haydon, Eliza, Gabriel, Tom Lockitt, La Fayette, Elijah, Rob, and Isaac. [29]

 whose names are written here to preserve their memory, and acknowledge the tragedy of their plight in human bondage.

† A ropewalk was a long structure used for spiral winding of hemp fibres.
☛ It is clear from this transaction that James Huggins was nearly insolvent, and that the future of the hemp and bagging factory was in peril.

1845-10-30 – For the consideration of $25, James Huggins conveyed to Leroy Jesse a parcel of land in Woodford County. The parcel contained 1-1/4 acres 24 poles, and was situated on the south side of the turnpike [leading from Versailles to Sublett’s Ferry?], near Mrs. Long’s property. [30] 

1846-12-12 – A deed of mortgage and lien executed by James Huggins and Mary, his wife, as the primary parties, with William E. Ashmore, John M. Ferguson, William Brown, Jr., Henry Moss, Catesly Barnes [or Burnes], David Thornton, Ben Bailey, and Douglas C. Brown; whereby for the consideration of $1, the parties first named conveyed to Albert J. Shurse [Shurise?] a parcel of land containing about twenty acres on Glenn’s Creek—the same parcel which Huggins had purchased from Willam Johnson and Ann, his wife, on 17th November 1836, and on which tract James and Mary Huggins lived. The conveyance included the machinery belonging to the rope walk and bagging factory. The other parties registered their interests in the transaction by virtue of the mortgage executed on the 4th March 1844. [31] 

1848-10-31 – October 31, 1848: A deed of conveyance executed by James Huggins and Mary Huggins late Sublett, his wife[§], Thomas Sublett and Catherine Sublett, his wife, James L. O’Neal and his wife Francis [sic] Oneal late Sublett[§], Lewis Sublett, and William Sublett and Susan Sublett, his wife[§]—heirs and representatives of their mother, Susan Sublett, deceased—to Leroy Dale; whereby for the consideration of $1, the parties first named conveyed to Mr. Dale a tract of land in Woodford County, containing 71 acres 6 poles. [32]
… [§] then of Shelby County in Kentucky.

1850-06-01 – When the 1850 census was enumerated, Mary and her son, James, were staying with her sister, Frances O’Neil, in Shelby County:

  • James L. O’Niel [sic], age 33, male, Hemp manufacturer, value of real estate $5000, born in Pennsylvania;
  • Frances O’Niel age 33, female, born in Kentucky [née Sublett; Mary’s sister];
  • Alice O’Niel, age 8, female, do.
  • Catharine O’Niel, age 6, do., do.
  • Virginia O’Niel age 4, do., do.
  • Susan, age 2, female, do., do.
  • James L., one month, male, do.
  • John Logan, age 13, male, do.
  • Mary Logan, age 11, female, do.
  • Mary Huggins, age 41, female, do.
  • James Huggins, age 12, male, do.
  • Lira, or Lena, Oliver, age 40, female, do.
  • census place: District 2, Shelby County, Kentucky [36] 

    Mary’s husband, James, and their two sons, Lewis and William, have not been found in the 1850 census.

1850–1860 – Death of son, James? [41] ☛ A death or burial record has not been found, and no entries discovered for this James Huggins after the 1850 census.

1850-09-14 – A deed of conveyance executed by James Huggins and Mary Huggins late Sublett, his wife, Thomas Sublett and Catherine Sublett, his wife, James L. O’Neal and his wife Francis [sic] Oneal late Sublett[§], Lewis Sublett, and William Sublett and Susan Sublett, his wife, to Leroy Dale; whereby, for the consideration of the sums of $517 and 50¢ paid to Lewis Sublett, William Sublett, and Joel Sublett now deceased, each, in hand paid, and $1 to Thomas Subvlett and wife, James Huggins and wife, and James L. Oneill and wife, (1) have granted, bargained, sold, aliened, and conveyed unto (2) forever all their right, title, and interest in and to a parcel of land lying and being in the County of Woodford and formerly known as Sublett’s Ferry (now known as Shyrock’s Ferry and Shryock’s Landing) containing in several parcels 224 acres 100 poles. This was the same parcel described in a deed dated 6th October 1834, from James Huggins and wife, Thomas Logan and wife, and Thomas Sublett to Alexander Ratcliff and John Shryock, 6th October 1834, and of record in the Clerk’s Office of the Woodford County Court in Deed Book “O,” page 69, the said James Huggins and wife, Thomas Logan and wife, and Thomas Sublett having conveyed an undivided fifth part each of one sixth of said tract of land, the said Logan having departed this life and James L. Oneil having intermarried with said Frances Logan, and the interest of the others being one undivided Sixth part each of said tract of land as heirs of Lewis Sublett deceased, that is the said Lewis and William. [33] 
… [§] then of Shelby County in Kentucky.

1853-04-13 – A notice of a strayed or stolen horse, published in The Louisville Daily Courier, recorded James Huggins at the Croghan House in that city, and William Huggins in a place called Smisertown. [34] 
☛ Croghan House was a hotel on Jefferson at Armory Place, and was later known as the Willard Hotel.
[35]  ☛ Smisertown, in all its spelling variants, has not been found in the state of Kentucky. However, there is a place called Smysertown in York County, Pennsylvania, from which place the two Smiser families, who were recorded in District 2 in the 1850 census, might have migrated.

‡ 1855-12-28The Louisville Daily Courier published an announcement of the opening of Col.† James Huggins’ office on Jefferson street, near Fifth, in that city. Describing him as a “clever, prompt and efficient man,” and endorsed by four well known members of the state, the object of Mr. Huggins’ new venture in trade was for the purpose of “buying and selling real estate, negroes, notes, etc.” [37] 
   †A record of military service has not been found and in this instance, the title, “Colonel,” was probably intended as the traditional, Southern honorific reserved for distinguished, old (white) gentlemen.

‡ 1856-09-29 to 1858-01-09James Huggins placed three adverts in the Louisville Daily Courier during this period. The first was for the sale of two enslaved women with their children “because the owner wants to employ white help, the second for a lease in a business stand in Louisville, and the third offered “five Negro Men for the year, for farm work and wood chopping.” [38]
 ☛ This occurred during a period of forced migration, when 16% of enslaved African Americans in the state of Kentucky were “sold down the river” from Louisville into the Deep South. [39] 

1858 – James Huggins and his family removed from Louisville to Saint Joseph, Missouri. [40] 

1860-06-01 – When the 1860 census was enumerated, Mary Huggins and her sons, Lewis and William, were recorded in her brother William’s household in Washington township (near Saint Joseph) in Buchanan County, Missouri [with full forenames inserted by the transcriber]:

  • W. Sublette [William], age 36, male, born in Kentucky
  • S.B. Sublette, age 31, female, wife, born in Kentucky
  • M. [Mary] Hugins [sic], age 50, female, widow* [sic], do.
  • J.S. Moore, age 28, male, Clk [Clerk], born in Kentucky
  • L. [Lewis] Hugins, age 17, male, do., do.
  • M. [sic] [William] Hugins, age 15, do., ...
  • M. Buttler, age 30, male, born in Kentucky
  • census place: Washington township, Buchanan County, Missouri [41] 

    Though recorded as a widow, James Huggins was yet alive, though not found in the 1860 census record.

1863-04-10 – Death of James Huggins in Saint Joseph, Missouri, aged about sixty-five years. [42] Burial in Mount Mora Cemetery in that city. [43]
Will or other probate documents not having been found, it appears that James Huggins died intestate.

1870-06-01 – The 1870 census recorded Mary Huggins in the household of her niece, Virginia Weakley née Sublett, in the city of Saint Joseph, Missouri:

  • Thomas B. Weakley, age 34, male, white, Banker, value of real estate: $75,000, value of personal estate: $70,000, born in Kentucky
  • Virginia, age 22, female, white, keeps house, born in Kentucky
  • Beattie, age 4, male, white, at home, born in Missouri
  • Lawrence, age 2, do., ...
  • Mary Huggins, age 60, female, white, at home, born in Kentucky
  • Eliza Campbell, age 15, female, black, domestic servant, born in Missouri
  • Kate Harris, age 18, do., ...
  • Bob Weakly, age 18, male, white, domestic servant, do.
  • census place: City of Saint Joseph, Missouri [44] 

1880-06 – When the 1880 census was enumerated, Mary Huggins and her sons, Louis and William, were living in the household of her sister, Frances:

  • Francis [sic] O’Neill, white, female, age 60, (head), widowed, Housekeeping, born in Kentucky, both parents born in Kentucky
  • Mary Huggins, white, female, age 70, boarding, widowed, born in Kentucky, both parents born in Kentucky
  • Louis Huggins, white, male, age 35, son, single, Manfe [manufacture?] Crackers, born in Kentucky, [birthplace of parents not specified]
  • Wm. Huggins, white, male, age 33, son, single, Retail Grocer, do., do.
  • census place: St. Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri [45] 

1897-01-20 – Death of Mary Huggins, née Sublett, in Saint Joseph, Missouri, aged eighty-six years, [46] with burial in Mount Mora Cemetery in that city. [47] 

Woodford Sun, 28th January 1897:—

  DEATH OF MRS. MARY HUGGINS,

  Formerly Miss Sublett, of This County, in St. Joseph, Mo.

  (St. Joseph, Mo., Daily Gazette.)

Mrs. Mary Huggins died January 20, 1897, at 5:15 p.m. in her 87th year. She was the mother of Louis and William Huggins, and was the sister of Mrs. Frances O’Neill.

  Mrs. Huggins was born in Woodford county, Ky., July 12, 1810. She married M. [Mr.] Huggins in the year 1828. He was a finely educated and cultured gentleman, a successful merchant and manufacturer of rope and bagging in Versailles and Louisville, Ky. He moved with his family to St. Joseph, Mo., during the year 1858, and died here in the spring of 1864. They had eight children, six of whom died when quite young.

  Mrs. Mary Huggins was the daughter of Lewis Sublett and Susan Coleman, of Woodford county, Ky. Her father, Lewis Sublett, was a soldier in the war of 1812, and her grandfathers, Thomas Coleman, of Orange county, Va., and Lewis Sublett, of Chesterfield county, Va., were soldiers in the revolutionary army.

  Mrs. Huggins was an ideal woman and mother, a woman of fine sense and more than ordinary intellectual powers, with a tender, loving heart. Her life was crowned with charity, purity and love and her relatives were devoted to her. [48]

Link to obituary published in The St. Joseph Herald (St. Joseph, Missouri).

james-and-mary-huggins-mora-cemetery-findagrave-ed

Photograph of gravestone by “NancyW.”
Online at Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 64714210, 
(www.findagrave.com). [48]

=========

Links:

Sources and notes:

1.

Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 487-292-312988: Capt. Alexander Richardson, Royal Tyrone Militia, to William Huggins of Gortgonis (dated 26 March 1795; registered 1 April 1795). Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (FHL film no. 535727). Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, and submitted to www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-08-02.
☛ This was the first deed executed by William Huggins from Gortgonis
.

2.

(i) Church of Ireland. Prerogative Court. Wills and Probate. Index entry: “William Huggins, 1802, Coal Island, county Tyrone.” Original record: Ireland Diocesan and Prerogative Wills & Administrations indexes 1595-1858. Archival ref. W97. Second entry in the 1809 index, ref. W235. Held by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (Belfast); extract by Alison Kilpatrick, November, 2003.
(ii) Vicars, Sir Arthur Vicars. Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland, 1536–1810, and Supplement (1914). Digital copy of the index entry online at findmypast.co.uk (accessed 2015-09-19, by subscription). The original document does not survive.

3.

Registry of Deeds, Ireland (Dublin). Memorial no. 1836-4-36: Samuel Carson Huggins to John Huggins (dated 10 February 1836, registered 10 February 1836). Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (FHL film no. 469010); photocopy obtained in SLC, 18 May 2016. Transcribed and indexed by Alison Kilpatrick, and submitted to www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2019-06-18.

4.

Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, Belfast. William McCormick, the younger, of Tattykeel, county Tyrone, gent., and Margaret McCormick otherwise Huggins, his wife, to William Richardson, of Drum, and Alexander Stewart, of Drumreagh, county Tyrone, trustees in marriage settlement. Archival ref. PRONI D4269/62 (1812–1834) (accessed in Belfast, November, 2003; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick).

5.

Belfast Commercial Chronicle, 23 December 1811. “Crumlin Academy.” Citing James Huggins and Thomas Huggins, Ivy Lodge, Dungannon, sitting Christmas examinations. Digital copy online at www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2015-12-31).

6.

Hopkins, James F., and Mary W.M. Hargreaves, eds. The Papers of Henry Clay, Secretary of State, 1826, by Henry Clay. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1973 (pg. 555).

7.

Commentator (Frankfort, Kentucky), 7 October 1826 (pg. 3). “To the Citizens of Kentucky.” Citing the travel plans of B.M. Markham, and naming as his agents several men in the vicinity of Frankfort, including Mr. Huggins of Versailles. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

8.

Wilson, Dona Adams, comp. and ed. Woodford County, Kentucky. Marriage Bonds and Consents 1789–1830. (pub. December, 1998.) Extract: Huggins, James and Mary Sublett – 24 Dec 1827. Bondsman: Jacob Rynear; Consent: Susan Sublett, mother of Mary. Consent attested by Jacob Rynear and Benj Bailey. Transcript from original: “Know all men by these presents that we James Huggins and Jacob Rynear are held and firmly bound unto the commonwealth of Kentucky in the just and full sum of Fifty pound[s] to the payment of which weel and [truly] to be made we our selves our heirs so jointly severally and firmly by these presents sealed with our seal and dated this 24th day of Dec’r 1827. / The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas there is a marriage shortly intended to be solemnized between the above named James Huggins and Mary Sublitt [sic]  now if there shouldbe no lawful caus[e] to obstruct said marriage then the above obligtion [like?] to be void else to remain in full force virtue [signed:] James Huggins (seal)  Jacob Rynear (seal)  Witness John McKinn[ey?].  The Clerk of the Woodford County Court is hereby authorized to issue a License for the marriage of James Huggins and my Daughter Mary Sublett. Given under my hand this 24’th December 1827.  Susan Sublett  Terte: Jacob Rynear  Benjn Bailey.” Photocopies via research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society, Versailles, Kentucky; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 19 February 2016.

9.

Dupuy, Rev. B.H. The Huguenot Bartholomew Dupuy and His Descendants. Citing Mary Sublett (1810–1897) who m. (1828) James Huggins, b. in Tyrone, Ireland (pg 292.); and an outline of Mary Sublett’s family, pp. 291-5. Louisville, Kentucky: Courier-Journal Job Printing Co., 1908.

10.

Martin, Marti, comp. and ed. Woodford County, Kentucky. Deed Book Abstracts. Deed Book “K” (1823–1826), and Deed Book “L” (1826–1828). Compiled April, 2010. Citing the will of John T. Sublett (d.1812) to Mariam Gibbany later Johnson (1813); Johnson to Sublett, Huggins, et al, 23rd June 1828. Archival ref. Deed Book “L,” pp. 374-6). Photocopies via research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society, Versailles, Kentucky; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 19 February 2016.

11.

U.S. 1830 Census. James Huggins, Versailles, Woodford County, Kentucky. Original record: Fifth Census of the U.S., 1830; Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives (Washington, D.C.), NARA microfilm publication M19. Archival ref. NARA series M19, roll no. 42, page 298, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2012-02-17).

12.

Taylor, John R., compiler. Descendants of Robert Coleman Sr. from before 1622, Eighth Generation (2001-09-17)—according to which report, the children born to James Huggins and Mary Sublett included: Susan, born c.1830; Sarah, born c.1832; Margaret, born c.1834; James, born c.1837; Andrew, born c.1840; Lewis, born 1 Feb 1842; and, William, born 26 Jan. 1844. Online at geocities.ws (accessed 2015-03-02).

13.

Martin, Marti, comp. and ed. Woodford County, Kentucky. Deed Book Abstracts. Deed Book “K” (1823–1826), and Deed Book “L” (1826–1828). Compiled April, 2010. Citing the will of John T. Sublett (d.1812) to Mariam Gibbany later Johnson (1813); Johnson to Sublett, Huggins, et al, 23rd June 1828. Archival ref. Deed Book “L,” pp. 374-6). Photocopies via research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society, Versailles, Kentucky; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 19 February 2016.

14.

The Western Luminary (Lexington, Kentucky). No. 9, Vol. V (27 August 1828). “For the Western Luminary. Presbyterian Education Society of Kentucky.” (pg. 68.) Lexington, Kentucky: Thomas T. Skillman, ed. Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 16 February 2016.

15.

Presbyterian Church (USA). First Presbyterian Church, Versailles, Kentucky. Session Minutes, 1829–1942. Citing the petition of the Versailles branch of the Woodford Presbyterian Church to the Presbytery in Lexington, Kentucky, October 1828 (pp. 1–3). Microfilm copy held by the Presbyterian Study Center, Office of History, Montreat, North Carolina. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

16.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by Filson, Elliott, Muldrew, Stevenson, and Bosworth, to Huggins (dated 30th December 1832; registered 22nd January 1833). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “N,” pg. 16. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

17.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by Medley, Filson, Elliott, Muldrew, Stevenson, and Bosworth, to Huggins (dated 31 December 1832; registered 22 January 1833). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “N,” pg. 14. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

18.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by Craig to Huggins (dated 13th July 1833; registered 22nd July 1833). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “N,” pg. 101. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

19.

Wilson, Dona Adams, comp. and ed. Woodford County, Kentucky. Guardian Bonds 1818–1874 & Executor Bonds 1802–1855. (pub. September, 1999.) Extract: September 15, 1834: Woodford County Guardian Bonds. Parent: Lewis Sublett, Jr. Children: William Lewis & Joel M. Sublette. Guardian: James Higgins. [sic] Bondsmen: Erasmus G. McGinnis. Bond $5,000. (pg 59.) Photocopy via research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society, Versailles, Kentucky; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 19 February 2016.

20.

Wilson, Dona Adams, comp. and ed. Woodford County, Kentucky. Will Book Abstracts. Will Book “K” 1834–1838. (pub. April 2003.) Extract: Page 135–136. April Court 1835. Lewis Sublett. Slaves Divided. To divide the slaves of Lewis Sublett, deceased, & Susan Sublett, deceased, between the heirs as follows; James Huggins Lot #4, Thomas Logan Lot #6, Thomas Sublett Lot #2, Lewis Sublett Lot #3, William Sublett Lot #5, Joel D. Sublett Lot #1. (pg 120.) Photocopy via research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society, Versailles, Kentucky; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 19 February 2016.

21.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Mortgage executed by Shelton to Berryman, Jackson, Wilhart, Huggins, Sellers, Whittington, Wickersham, Scott, McGinnis, Stone, Atwell, Blackburn, Thompson, Wallace, and Buford (dated 7th May 1836; registered 7th May 1836). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “O,” pg. 270. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

22.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by William Johnson and Ann, his wife, to James Huggins (dated 17 November 1836; registered 29 November 1836). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “P,” pg. 12. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

23.

U.S. 1840 Census. James Huggins, Versailles, Woodford County, Kentucky. Original record: NARA microfilm publication M704, roll 126, page 230, image 1135; Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Archival ref. Year: 1840; Census Place: Versailles, Woodford, Kentucky; Roll: 126; Page: 230; Family History Library (Salt Lake City, Utah) film no. 0007832. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2012-02-17).

24.

Presbyterian Church (USA). First Presbyterian Church, Versailles, Kentucky. Session Minutes, 1829–1942. Citing the minutes of a meeting held between 3rd December 1840 and February 1841 (pp. 174-6). Microfilm copy held by the Presbyterian Study Center, Office of History, Montreat, North Carolina. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

25.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by Noah Haydon to James Huggins (dated 8 October 1841; registered 29 November 1841). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “Q,” pg. 149. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

26.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Mortgage executed by William Mayo to Randolph Railey, James Huggins, and Ely Long (dated 9 March 1838; registered 18 May 1839). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “P,” pg. 261. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

27.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by Randolph Railey, Commissioner, to James Huggins (dated 17 July 1839; registered 4 September 1839). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “Q,” pg. 490. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

28.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by Noah Haydon to James Huggins (dated 13 October 1841; registered 1 December 1841). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “Q,” pg. 491. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

29.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Mortgage executed by James Huggins to William E. Ashmore, William Brown, and John M. Ferguson (dated 4 March 1844; registered 4 March 1844). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “R,” pg. 341. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

30.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by James Huggins to Leroy(?) Jesse (dated 30 October 1845; registered 6 November 1846). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “S,” pg. [unknown]. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

31.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Mortgage and lien executed by James Huggins and Mary Huggins, his wife, William E. Ashmore, John M. Ferguson, et al, to Albert J. Sherise [sic] (dated 12 December 1846; registered on unknown date). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “S,” pg. 459. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016. 

32.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by James Huggins and Mary Huggins late Sublett, his wife, Thomas Sublett and Catherine Sublett, his wife, James L. O’Neal and his wife Francis [sic] Oneal late Sublett, Lewis Sublett, and William Sublett and Susan Sublett, his wife, to Leroy Dale (dated 31 October 1848; registered 4 June 1849). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “T,” pg. 373. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

33.

County of Woodford, Kentucky (USA). Conveyance executed by James Huggins and Mary Huggins late Sublett, his wife, Thomas Sublett and Catherine Sublett, his wife, James L. O’Neal and his wife Francis [sic] Oneal late Sublett, Lewis Sublett, and William Sublett and Susan Sublett, his wife, to Leroy Dale (dated 14 September 1850; registered 3 February 1851). Original record held by the County Clerk, Woodford County; archival ref. Deed Book “U,” pg. 190. Photocopy obtained by research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society (Versailles, Kentucky); abstracts by Alison Kilpatrick, 18 February 2016.

34.

The Louisville Daily Courier (Louisville, Kentucky), 13 April 1853 (pg. 2). “Strayed or Stolen.” Citing a horse, to be returned to William Huggins of Smizertown or James Huggins at the Croghan House. Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-27).

35.

Kleber, John E. The Encyclopedia of Louisville. Citing Croghan House, later known as the Willard Hotel (pg. 404). Louisville: The University Press of Kentucky, 2001.

36.

U.S. 1850 Census. James L. O’Niel, age 33, hemp manufacturer; with wife, Frances (33), and children: Alice (8), Catharine (6), Virginia (4), Susan (2), and James L. (1 month); also, James Logan (13) and Mary Logan (11); and Mary Huggins (41) and James Huggins (12); and Lira or Lena Oliver (40); in Shelby County, Kentucky. Original record: Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Archival ref. NARA microfilm publication M432-218, page 363B, image 191. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2015-03-03).

37.

The Louisville Daily Courier (Louisville, Kentucky), 28 December 1855 (pg. 2). “Agency Office.” Citing (i) the new office for "buying and selling real estate, negroes, etc.," by Col. James Huggins, and (ii) the advert placed by James Huggins. Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-27).

38.

The Louisville Daily Courier (Louisville, Kentucky). “For Sale.” Citing (i) slaves for sale by J. Huggins, Louisville (29 Sept. 1856, pg. 3); (ii)  property for lease, James Huggins, real estate agent (14 May 1857, pg. 2); and (iii) advert for five negro men wanted for work, by James Huggins, Louisville (9 January 1858, pg. 2). Digital images online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-27).

39.

(i) Gandhi, Lakshmi. “What Does ‘Sold Down the River’ Really Mean? The Answer Isn’t Pretty.” Hosted online by National Public Radio (NPR), Code Switch: Race and Identity, Remixed, www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2014/01/27/265421504/what-does-sold-down-the-river-really-mean-the-answer-isnt-pretty (accessed 2019-06-30).
(ii) Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. “History of Slavery in Kentucky.” Online at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery_in_Kentucky (accessed 2019-06-30).

40.

Woodford Sun (Woodford County, Kentucky), 28 January 1897. “Death of Mrs. Mary Huggins.” Photocopy from research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society, Versailles, Kentucky; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 19 February 2016.

41.

U.S. 1860 Census. W. Sublette, age 36, with wife, S.B. Sublette (31); and M. Hugins [sic], female, age 50; J.S. Moore (28); L. Hugins (17) and M. [s/b W.] Hugins (15); and M. Buttler (30); in Washington township, Buchanan County, Missouri. Original record: 1860 US census population schedule (National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.). Archival ref. Year: 1860; Census Place: Washington, Buchanan, Missouri; Roll: M653_609; Page: 335; per Family History Library (Salt Lake City, Utah) film no. 803609; enumerated 16th July 1870. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-23).

42.

The Morning Herald (Saint Joseph, Missouri), 11 April 1863. Obituary for James Huggins, formerly of Versailles and Louisville, Kentucky. Digital image hosted online by The State Historical Society of Missouri, digital.shsmo.org (accessed and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-23).

43.

Find-a-Grave memorial no. 64714151. James Huggins, born 18 May 1797, died 10 April 186[3]; buried in Mount Mora Cemetery, Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri, USA. Inscription: “[Left side:] James Huggins / born / May 18, 1797 / died / April 10, 1863. / [Right side:] Mary Huggins / born / July 12, 1810 / died / Jan. 20, 1897 / [Bottom, centred:] HUGGINS.” Memorial and photograph of gravestone by “Nancy W.,” 2011-01-26. Online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2015-03-02).

44.

U.S. 1870 Census. Thomas B. Weakley, age 34, with wife, Virginia (22), and children: Beattie (4) and Lawrence (2); and also Mary Huggins (60), Eliza Campbell (15), Kate Harris (18), and Bob Weakly (18); in Saint Joseph, Missouri. Original record: 1870 US population schedules, NARA microfilm M593-762, pg. 456B, image 103 (National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.). Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2014-03-21).

45.

U.S. 1880 Census. Frances O’Neill, age 60, with Mary Huggins (70), Louis Huggins (35) and William Huggins (33); in Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri. Original record: Tenth Census of the United States, 1880, NARA microfilm publication T9, Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Archival ref. supervisor’s district no. 7, enumeration district no. 53, pg. 19; enumerated 4th June 1880. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2012-02-18).

46.

The Courier-Journal (Louisville, Kentucky), 29 January 1897, pg. 6. Death notice for Mary Huggins née Sublett. Digital image online at www.newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2015-04-29).

47.

Find-a-Grave memorial no. 64714210. Mary Huggins, born 12 July 1810, died 20 January 1897; buried in Mount Mora Cemetery, Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri, USA. Inscription: “[Left side:] James Huggins / born / May 18, 1797 / died / April 10, 1863. / [Right side:] Mary Huggins / born / July 12, 1810 / died / Jan. 20, 1897 / [Bottom, centred:] HUGGINS.” Memorial and photograph of gravestone by “Nancy W.,” 2011-01-26. Online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2015-03-02).

48.

Woodford Sun (Woodford County, Kentucky), 28 January 1897. “Death of Mrs. Mary Huggins.” Photocopy from research commissioned from the Woodford County Historical Society, Versailles, Kentucky; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 19 February 2016.

If you have a family history connection to a Huggins family from the county of Tyrone in Ireland or the state of Kentucky in the U.S.—or if you have information to add to the biographical sketches presented here—please consider getting in touch via the contact page.

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"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

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