Charles Edward Huggins (1929–1990), Physician & Cyrobiologist

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Charles Edward Huggins was born on the 9th May 1929 in Chicago, Illinois. He was the son of Charles Brenton Huggins, M.D. (1901–1990) and Margaret Wellman (1904–1983). [1] He was a great-great grandson of William Huggins (c.1749–1802) and Sarah Kennedy of Coalisland, county Tyrone.

His parents’ household was enumerated in the U.S. 1930 census as follows:

  • Charles Huggins, head, rents home $62.50/month, owns a radio, male, white, age 28, married at age 26, reads and writes, born in Canada-English, both parents born in Canada-English, speaks English, immigrated to the U.S. in 1920; Physician at University, not a veteran
  • Margaret, wife, female, white, age 26, married at age 23, born in Michigan, both parents born in Michigan
  • Charles, son, male, white, age 11/12, single, born in Illinois, father born in Canada-English, mother born in Michigan
  • census place: 5427 University Ave., Chicago, Illinois [2] 

… and ten years later, in 1940:

  • Charles B. Huggins, head, male, white, age 38, married, completed 5 years of college, born in Canada, lived in same house in 1935, Doctor of Medicine at a University
  • Margaret W., wife, female, white, age 35, completed 3 years of college, born in Michigan, lived in same house in 1935
  • Charles, son, male, white, age 10, single, born in Illinois
  • [private], born in Illinois
  • census place: 5738 Kenwood Avenue, Chicago, Illinois [3] 

Like his father, Charles Edward Huggins pursued a career in medicine and medical research, and also served in the U.S. military. The following timeline outlines the younger Dr. Huggins’ achievements:

  • 1947 – completed undergraduate studies at the University of Chicago, aged eighteen years; [5] 
  • 1952 – graduated cum laude, M.D., Harvard Medical School; [4] [5]
  • 1952ff – surgical training at Massachusetts General Hospital; [5]
  • 1954-08-16 to 1956-08-15 – Commander, U.S. Navy (Korean War); [7]
  • 1958 & 1959 – Harvard University Travelling Fellow; [4] 
  • 1959 & 1960 – American Cancer Society Fellow; [4] 
  • 1963 – helped "revolutionize blood bank procedures by developing a practical way of freezing and storing red blood cells for extended periods;” [4] 
  • 1963 – invented a Cytoglomerator which, with the new procedures for storing blood, allowed people who were "having elective surgery to donate blood and have it frozen for later use during the surgery;” [5] 
  • c.1965-66 – went to Viet Nam to observe his procedures for storing blood in the field; [6] 
  • Associate Professor of Surgery, Harvard University Medical School; [5] 
  • until 1972 – Associate Director, Blood Bank and Transfusion Services, Massachusetts General Hospital; [4] 
  • 1972–1990 – Director of Blood Transfusion Services, at ditto[4] 

On the 18th April 1990, Dr. Charles Edward Huggins, physician and cyrobiologist, died in Boston, Massachusetts, in his sixty-first year. [4] [5] [7] [8] [9] His body was interred in Massachusetts National Cemetery in Bourne, Mass. [10] 

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Links:

Sources:

1.

U.S. 1940 Census. Charles B. Huggins, age 38, with wife, Margaret (35), and children; in Chicago, Illinois. Original record: USA, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration; census ref. supervisor’s district no. 2, enumeration district no. 103-298, city ward no. 5, block nos. 8, sheet 2A, enumerated 3 April 1940. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).

2.

U.S. 1930 Census. Charles Huggins, age 28, with wife, Margaret (26), and son, Charles (11 months); in Chicago, Illinois. Original record: Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930 (NARA microfilm T626), Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29, National Archives, Washington, D.C. Archival ref. enumeration district 16-182, supervisor’s district 29, pg. 5B; enumerated 8th April 1930. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).

3.

U.S. 1940 Census. Charles B. Huggins, age 38, with wife, Margaret (35), and children; in Chicago, Illinois. Original record: USA, Bureau of the Census. Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration; census ref. supervisor’s district no. 2, enumeration district no. 103-298, city ward no. 5, block nos. 8, sheet 2A, enumerated 3 April 1940. Digital image online at ancestry.ca (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2017-08-22).

4.

The Star Press (Muncie, Indiana), 22 April 1990 (pg. 45). “Cryobiologist Succumbs.” Obituary for Dr. Charles Edward Huggins, who died at Boston, Massachusetts, aged sixty years. Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-23).

5.

Chicago Tribune, 20 April 1990. Obituary for Dr. Charles E. Huggins (1929–1990). Record no. 19900420OB9002010953. Transcribed by Bonnie Dagen and posted to “Huggins Obits – Chicago Area,” www.genealogy.com, 2 September 2013 (accessed 2017-08-22).

6.

Fitchburg Sentinel (Fitchburg, Massachusetts), 14 October 1966 (pg. 1). “Dr. Huggins—Nobel Prize Winner Has Fitchburg Ties.” Citing the family relationship between Charles Brenton Huggins, M.D., and his daughter-in-law, Nancy (Tienhaara) Huggins of Concord, Massachusetts; with notes about the younger Dr. Huggins (Charles Edward). Digital image online at newspapers.com (accessed by subscription, and transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-23).

7.

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. BIRLS Death Files, 1850–2010. C. Huggins, male, born 7 May 1929, died 18 April 1990, cause of death: natural, SSN 352227182, branch: Navy, enlisted 16 August 1954, released 15 August 1956. Original record: Beneficiary Identification Records Locator Subsystem (BIRLS) Death File. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Index online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-06-23).

8.

State of Massachusetts (USA). Death Index, 1970–2003. Charles E Huggins, certificate 002940, death place: Boston, date: 18 April 1990; born 7 May 1929 in Illinois. Original record: State of Massachusetts: Massachusetts Death Index, 1970–2003 (Boston: Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Health Services, 2005). Index online at ancestry.ca (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick by subscription, 2017-08-23).

9.

U.S. Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936–2007. Charles Edward Huggins (C E Huggins), male, white, born 7 May 1929 at Chicago, Cook County, Illinois; died 15 April 1990; son of Charles B Huggins and Margaret Wellman; SSN 352227182; death certificate no. 002940. Original record: Social Security Applications and Claims, 1936-2007; US Social Security Administration. Index online at ancestry.ca (accessed 2017-08-22, by subscription).

10.

Find-a-Grave Memorial no. 2875387. Dr. Charles Edward Huggins, born 7 May 1929 at Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, USA; died 18 April 1990 at Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts; buried in Massachusetts National Cemetery, Bourne, Barnstable County, Massachuesetts (plot 11,2069). Inscription: “Charles E. Huggins / Cdr US Navy / Korea / May 7 1929   Apr 18 1990 / MD.” Memorial created by US Veterans Affairs Office, 3 March 2000 (maintained by Doug Slater); photograph of gravestone by Tom McManus. Online at www.findagrave.com (accessed by Alison Kilpatrick, 2019-02-23).

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"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

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