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Local history :: Ireland

:–: Parish of Aghaloo, County Tyrone

::–:: The Ancient Parish of Aghallow, 1609/10


Many 18th century Irish deeds pertaining to the parish of Aughalow recite townlands which are part of the modern (c.1834) or civil parish of Carnteel. This page surveys early and mid-seventeenth century maps in order to determine the extent of the ancient boundaries of the parish and the townlands then contained within thoses boundaries.

The ancient parish of Aghallow and the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie in county Tyrone, c.1609:

My main objectives for studying the Manors of Kinard [later known as the Caledon estate] and Ballymagran are to determine the geographic extent and to trace the ownership of each manor from about 1609/10, with emphasis on the years 1708ff. Previous blog articles have been devoted to the Manor of Kinard, which conforms for the most part with the ancient territory of Muinterbirne. This article focuses more on the Manor of Ballymagran and its relationship to the ancient territory of Largie, and to the ancient and modern parish boundaries of Aghaloo.

My first clue that the boundaries of these manors do not fit neatly within the confines of modern parish boundaries came from my ongoing work to index and transcribe memorials of Irish deeds for the parish of Aghaloo. For many years, beginning in 1708 when registration of deeds commenced and throughout the 18th century, the place name indexes often cite townlands from the modern, civil parish of Carnteel as belonging to the Manor of Ballymagran and parish of Aughalow. To determine why this was so, this study was extended to include the pre-Plantation era territories of Muinterbirne and Largie, and whether and how these coincide with the boundaries of the modern, civil parish of Aghaloo.

Anciently, the parish of Aghaloo was far more extensive than it is today, including much of the modern, civil parishes of Carnteel and (to a lesser extent) Killeeshil. Indeed, the ruins of the ancient church of Aughalow, dating to c.1622, are situated in Rousky townland in Carnteel, near Aughnacloy. [1] Some sense of the extent of the parish in the 17th century can be gleaned from the Down Survey map for Aghallow parish, drawn in 1656-68: [2] 

parishes of Aghaloo, Carnteel, and Clonfeacle, about 1656

Here is the same map rotated clockwise by 100 degrees. This modification makes the modern parish boundaries more apparent, particularly the southernmost which corresponds with the course of the river Blackwater:

map of parishes of Aghaloo, Carnteel, and Clonfeacle, about
      1656, rotated 100 degrees

In the map above, not only is the shape of the ancient parish very different to the modern civil parish—the former is much larger by extending northwest and westwards—but the depiction of the river of Ballygall [Ballygawley] as the northern boundary also implies that the ancient parish of Aghallow included a large tract of what is now the western portion of the modern, civil parish of Carnteel.

Casting farther back in time, in 1609 Sir Josias Bodley was commissioned to draw maps of the six escheated counties of Ulster. Rather than showing the parishes, Mr. Bodley drew in the boundaries for the ancient territories, subdivided further into townlands. The segment of the map for the lower part of the barony of Dungannon, below, highlights the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie. [3] Bodley's depiction of the area comprising the territories of Muinterbirn and Largie appears to conform with the parish of Aghallow shown in the Down Survey map of 1656-68.

segment
      from 1609 map of part of the barony of Dungannon, by Sir Josias
      Bodley

In 1610, Sir Thomas Ridgway (1582–1631), Vice-Treasurer of Ireland and Treasurer at War, received a grant of the great proportion of Largie in the precinct of Dungannon, which he nominated the Manor of Ridgewaie. According to Sir Josias Bodley's map (1609), shown above, the Territory of Largie included the following townlands—for which alternate spellings are also shown from early Memorials of Irish deeds (1708, 1713) [4] with [modern spelling and parish provided in square brackets]:

Townlands not identified in the list above but geographically subsumed within the territory of Largie include:

Subsequent changes in parish boundaries, including that upper part of Aghaloo known as Largie, were explained by Carver et al (2007):

"The history of Aghaloo is intertwined with that of the parishes of Killeshil and Carnteel. ... In 1637 the rectories of Carnteel and Aghaloo were united to the Church of Ireland archdeaconry of Armagh, and Aghaloo Church [in Rousky townland] was used as the parish church. ... However, around 1680 the parish structure was again reorganised and Carnteel, the upper part of Aghaloo (Largie) and Killeeshil were reunited, while a new parish church was built at Caledon to serve parishioners in the remaining part of Aghaloo, ... The united parish was known as Carnteale from 1712 onwards, ... and Aghaloo Church [at Rousky] continued to serve for Killeeshil until 1732. In that year Killeeshil was separated from the other two components of the parish (Aghaloo and Carnteel) to form a new independent parish of Killeeshil." [1] 

The map produced below is my attempt to illustrate the ancient Territories of Muinterbirne and Largie (1609/10)—with the Manor of Ballymagran‡ (1708) as a subset of the latter—on a townland map of the modern or civil parishes of Carnteel and Aghaloo. [6] ‡By 1708, the Whyte family of Redhills, county Cavan, were the proprietors of this manor.

segment
      from 1609 map of part of the barony of Dungannon, by Sir Josias
      Bodley

Even with the changes made between 1637–1732 to the boundaries of the Church of Ireland parishes of Carnteel and Aghaloo (which formed the basis for civil parish boundaries), many Memorials of Irish deeds registered townlands from the modern, civil parish of Carnteel as belonging to the parish of Aghaloo well into the 19th century. Citing just one late example, in 1832 Charlotte Little otherwise Thompson and John Hutton executed a deed of conveyance involving the townlands of Derrycreevy, Tullybrannan, and Glenrue—all of which lie within the modern, civil parish of Carnteel, but were stated in the deed to be part of the parish of Aghiloo [sic]. [7] 

Pending items:


Footnotes and sources:

  1. Carver, Naomi, Emily Murray, Gill Plunkett, and Tim Young. "Excavations at Aghaloo Church, Rousky, County Tyrone." Ulster Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 66 (2007), pp. 75–96.
  2. Down Survey of Forfeited Lands, 1656-8. Extract from the Map of the Barony of Dungannon. Digital copy online at the Down Survey of Ireland project, hosted by Trinity College Dublin, www.downsurvey.tcd.ie (accessed 2017-05-08).
  3. Bodley, Sir Josias. Segment from the 1609 map, "Parte of Ye Baronie of Donganon," highlighting the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie, and also depicting Knockloh, Clonenis, and Balliereagh; from the series of Maps of the Escheated Counties of Ireland. Digital copy hosted online by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (Belfast), www.flickr.com/photos/proni (accessed 2017-04-05).
  4. (a) Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 2-179-366: White to Naper (marriage settlement, dated 1708-02-01 & -02; registered 1708-03-18). Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (archival ref. FHL film no. 522803; digital images online at familysearch.org). Index entries and transcript submitted by Alison Kilpatrick to Registry of Deeds Index Project Ireland, www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-03-20. (b) Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 10-398-3934, White and others to Sanderson (dated 22 May 1713, registered 27 May 1713). Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (archival ref. FHL film no. 522809; digital images online at familysearch.org). Indexed entries submitted by Alison Kilpatrick to Registry of Deeds Index Project Ireland, www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-02-22.
  5. Northern Ireland Place-Name Project (1987–2013), with support from Queen's University, Belfast; the Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland; the Arts & Humanities Research Council (UK); and Foras na Gaeilge. Online at www.placenamesni.org (accessed 2017-05-01).
  6. Kilpatrick, Alison. Map of the Territories of Largie and Muinterbirne, 1609 (2017). Based on Memorials of Irish deeds: (i) Bodley, Sir Josias. Segment from the 1609 map, "Parte of Ye Baronie of Donganon," highlighting the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie, and also depicting Knockloh, Clonenis, and Balliereagh; from the series of Maps of the Escheated Counties of Ireland. Digital copy hosted online by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (Belfast), www.flickr.com/photos/proni (accessed 2017-04-05). (ii) Down Survey of Forfeited Lands, 1656-58. Extract from the Map of the Barony of Dungannon. Digital copy online at the Down Survey of Ireland project, hosted by Trinity College Dublin, www.downsurvey.tcd.ie (accessed 2017-05-08). (iii) Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 2-179-366: White to Naper (marriage settlement, dated 1708-02-01 & -02; registered 1708-03-18). Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (archival ref. FHL film no. 522803. Transcript and index entries submitted by Alison Kilpatrick to Registry of Deeds Index Project Ireland, www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-03-20. (iv) Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 10-398-3934, White and others to Sanderson (dated 22 May 1713, registered 27 May 1713). Microfilm copy held by the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA (archival ref. FHL film no. 522809. Index entries submitted by Alison Kilpatrick to Registry of Deeds Index Project Ireland, www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-02-22. Adapted from the Ireland/Mapping Townlands project; © OpenStreetMap contributors; online at dev3.openstreetmap.ie/osm/slippymap.html (accessed 2017-03-31).
  7. Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 1833-6-298-136: Little otherwise Thompson to Hutton (dated 1832-10-26; registered 1833-04-18).

Source citation for this page: Kilpatrick, Alison. "The ancient parish of Aghallow and the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie in county Tyrone, c.1609." Published 8 May 2017; online at Arborealis, www.arborealis.ca/lochist/ireland/aghaloo-aughalow.html; accessed [insert today's date].