The ancient parish of Aghallow and the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie in county Tyrone, 1609/10

My main objectives for studying the Manors of Kinard [later known as the Caledon estate] and Ballymagran are to determine the geographic extent and to trace the ownership of each manor from about 1609/10, with emphasis on the years 1708ff. Previous blog articles have been devoted to the Manor of Kinard, which conforms for the most part with the ancient territory of Muinterbirne. This article focuses more on the Manor of Ballymagran and its relationship to the ancient territory of Largie, and to the ancient and modern parish boundaries of Aghaloo.

My first clue that the boundaries of these manors do not fit neatly within the confines of modern parish boundaries came from my ongoing work to index and transcribe memorials of Irish deeds for the parish of Aghaloo. For many years, beginning in 1708 when registration of deeds commenced and throughout the 18th century, the place name indexes often cite townlands from the modern, civil parish of Carnteel as belonging to the Manor of Ballymagran and parish of Aughalow. To determine why this was so, this study was extended to include the pre-Plantation era territories of Muinterbirne and Largie, and whether and how these coincide with the boundaries of the modern, civil parish of Aghaloo.

Anciently, the parish of Aghaloo was far more extensive than it is today, including much of the modern, civil parishes of Carnteel and (to a lesser extent) Killeeshil. Indeed, the ruins of the ancient church of Aughalow, dating to c.1622, are situated in Rousky townland in Carnteel, near Aughnacloy. [1] Some sense of the extent of the parish in the 17th century can be gleaned from the Down Survey map for Aghallow parish, drawn in 1653/4: [2]

parishes clonfeacle carnteel aghallow down survey

Source: Extract from the Map of the Barony of Dungannon.
Drawn during the Down Survey, 1656-8.
Digital copy online at the Down Survey of Ireland project,
hosted by Trinity College Dublin,
www.downsurvey.tcd.ie (accessed 2017-05-08).
Adapted by converting the colours to sepia tones,
and sharpening the edges. File size, 202Kb.

Please note that this map is oriented with North pointing towards
the left and slightly downward. Compared to the modern orientation of
North centred and pointing upwards, this map is shown
as though it were turned counterclockwise by about 100 degrees.

Click on image to view in new window.

Here is the same map rotated clockwise by 100 degrees. This modification makes the modern parish boundaries more apparent, particularly the southernmost which corresponds with the course of the river Blackwater:

parishes clonfeacle carnteel aghallow rotated

Source: Extract from the Map of the Barony of Dungannon.
Drawn during the Down Survey, 1656-8.
Digital copy online at the Down Survey of Ireland project,
hosted by Trinity College Dublin,
www.downsurvey.tcd.ie (accessed 2017-05-08).
Adapted by converting the colours to sepia tones, sharpening the edges,
and rotating the map clockwise by 100 degrees. File size, 176Kb.

Click on image to view in new window.

In the map above, not only is the shape of the ancient parish very different to the modern civil parish—the former is much larger by extending northwest and westwards—but the depiction of the river of Ballygall [Ballygawley] as the northern boundary also implies that the ancient parish of Aghallow included a large tract of what is now the western portion of the modern, civil parish of Carnteel.

Casting farther back in time, in 1609 Sir Josias Bodley was commissioned to draw maps of the six escheated counties of Ulster. Rather than showing the parishes, Mr. Bodley drew in the boundaries for the ancient territories, subdivided further into townlands. The segment of the map for the lower part of the barony of Dungannon, below, highlights the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie [3]. Bodley's depiction of the area comprising the territories of Muinterbirn and Largie appears to conform with the parish of Aghallow shown in the Down Survey map of 1656-8.

minterburn and largie portion 1609

Source: Bodley, Sir Josias. Segment from the 1609 map,
"Parte of Ye Baronie of Donganon,"
highlighting the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie,
and also depicting Knockloh, Clonenis, and Balliereagh;
from the series of maps of the escheated counties of Ireland.
Digital copy hosted online by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, www.flickr.com/photos/proni (accessed 2017-04-05).
Adapted by placing the compass in the top, left hand corner.
File size, 267Kb.

Please note that this map is oriented with North pointing towards
the lower, right hand corner. In other words, it is shown both upside
down and about 15 degrees off centre from the modern orientation
of North centred and pointing upwards.

Click on map to view in new window.

In 1610, Sir Thomas Ridgway (1582–1631), Vice-Treasurer of Ireland and Treasurer at War, received a grant of the great proportion of Largie in the precinct of Dungannon, which he nominated the Manor of Ridgewaie. According to Sir Josias Bodley's map (1609), shown above, the Territory of Largie included the following townlands—for which alternate spellings are also shown from early Memorials of Irish deeds (1708, 1713) [4] and [modern spelling and parish provided in square brackets]:

  • Crolie, Croby (1610), Crolly alias Cruly (1708), Croly alias Cruly (1713) [Crilly, parish of Aughalow]
  • Clonkeine, Clonekearne (1610), Clankeene alias Claneskearne (1708) [Glenkeen, parish of Aughalow]
  • Tullibluitee or Tulliblintee, Tulliblintie (1610), Tullyblintie alias Tullyblittie (1708), Tullyblinty alias Tulliblitty (1713) [Tullyblety, parish of Aughalow]
  • Board, Board (1610), Bohard alias Board (1708), Bohard alias Board (1713) [Bohard, parish of Aughalow]
  • Leggannah, Leganagh (1610), Leggenagh alias Legane (1708), Leggugagh alias Legane (1713) [Legane, parish of Aughalow]
  • Caricklawhill, Carrickelawghill (1610), Carricklawhill (1708), Carricklawhich (1713) [Carricklongfield, parish of Aughalow]
  • Rathhahie, Rathhahie (1610), Rathhahie alias Rahahie (1708), Rathhahie alias Rahahie (1713) [Rehaghy, parish of Aughalow]
  • Glastromen, Glastroman (1610), Glassdromont alias Glastromen (1708), Glassdromon alias Glasstromen (1713) [Glasdrummond, parish of Aughalow]
  • Clondawghy, Clonedaughy (1610), Clanedervagh alias Clanedaghvough [or Clanedaghwough] als Clonedawhie (1708), Clanedaeghie alias Clanedavough alias Clandawghie (1713) [Glendavagh, parish of Aughalow]
  • Mullanehorn, Mullanehorne (1610), Mullaghorne alias Mullanehorane (1708), Mullaghorne alias Mullanchorne (1713) [Mulnahorn, parish of Aughalow]
  • Dromon, Dromon (1610), Dromon alias Dromont (1708), Dromon alias Dromont (1713) [Drummond, parish of Aughalow]
  • Mullasollus, Mullasolus (1610), Dromearne alias Mullasdus (1708), Dromcarne or Dromearne alias Mullasolm (1713) [Drumearn, parish of Aughalow]
  • Cloncro, Cloncroe (1610), Cloneroe or Cloncroe alias Glencrew near Dromon, Clonecroe near Dromon (1708) [Glencrew, parish of Aughalow]
  • Adancherragh, Adanekerragh (1610), Adonakeeragh alias Edenegeragh (1708), Adanekeeragh alias Edenegearagh (1713) [Edenageeragh, parish of Aughalow]
  • Aghmoylan, Aghmoylan (1610), Aghmoylan alias Anaghmore (1708), Aghmoylan alias Anaghmore (1713) (Annaghmore, parish of Aughalow]
  • Tully, Tully (1610), Tullagh alias Tully (1713) [Tully, parish of Carnteel]
  • Liscondaf [Lisconduff, parish of Carnteel]
  • Nanibog [Annagh Beg, parish of Carnteel]
  • Clonekill [Glencull, parish of Killeeshil]
  • Tircornowen west of Lisconduff and north of Glencull = Shanalurg?
  • Ballintemple west of Annaghbeg and west-southwest of Annaghmore, and on the south and southeast side of Knocknarney = Carnteel; confirmed by Place Names NI [5]
  • Dromicale on the south and southwest side of Knocknarney, and northwest of Carnteel = Belragh; confirmed by Place Names NI [5]
  • Tirelugan, 1610 Tireluggane [Tirelugan, parish of Carnteel]
  • Coolenegan = northeast of Plaister and east of Branny = part of Belragh? parish of Carnteel
  • Branna [Branny? parish of Carnteel
  • Plaister [Plaister, parish of Carnteel]
  • Glackahan [Glack, parish of Carnteel]
  • Cavansalla [Rousky, parish of Carnteel], confirmed by Place Names NI [5]; may also include Killineery
  • Aghneilog, Aghereclogh (1610) [Aughnacloy, parish of Carnteel; probably included Derrycush, also]
  • Latmcmurra, Latmcmorough (1610) [Ravellea, parish of Carnteel]
  • Dirrinebawn or Dirrinehawn, Dirrinebawn (1610) [Dernabane, parish of Carnteel]
  • Cargirry [Corderry, parish of Carnteel]
  • Tantawnnah, Tantawnagh (1610) [Shantavny, parish of Carnteel]
  • Dirrocriwe or Dirrocriuie, Dirricreeny (1610) [Derrycreevy, parish of Carnteel]
  • Dirne [Drone, parish of Carnteel]
  • Garvagh, Garvagh (1610) [Garvey, parish of Carnteel]
  • Cavan Ineal, Cavan-Ineale (1610) [Cavan O'Neill, parish of Carnteel]
  • Cloncro [Glenroe, parish of Carnteel]
  • Tamigh or Tannigh = on the northeast side of Corderry and the eastern boundary of Cavankilgreen = Kilyneery? parish of Carnteel
  • Lisgamhan, Lisgaudhane (1610) [Lisginny, parish of Carnteel], confirmed to Place Names NI [5]
  • Tirehurneen, Tyrehurnyne (1610) = south of Dromsasalghy [Ballynapottoge, parish of Carnteel], confirmed to Place Names NI [5]
  • Dromsluggie, Dromsluggie (1610) [Drumaslaghy, parish of Carnteel]
  • Tullinarra or Tullivarra [Tullyvar, parish of Carnteel]
  • Cavangalgren [Cavankilgreen, parish of Carnteel]
  • Loghan [Loughans, parish of Carnteel]
  • Skeagh [Skey, parish of Carnteel]
  • Towlarga, Tonlarga (1610) [Doolargy, parish of Carnteel]

Townlands not identified in the list above but geographically subsumed within the territory of Largie include:

  • Annagh, Knockadreen, and Lisadavil, which appear to be part of Tully on the 1609 map, and are situated south of Glack, southwest of Glencull, west of Glencrew, northeast of Drummond, north of Mulnahorn, north and northeast of Tully, east of Ravellea, and east of Aughnacloy;
  • Cronghill, which is surrounded on the 1609 map by Legane, Carricklongfield, Glasdrummond, Rehaghy, and Bohard; and
  • Knocknaroy, which lay in the Territory of Clonenis or Clenaneese.

Subsequent changes in parish boundaries, including that upper part of Aghaloo known as Largie, were explained by Carver et al [2007]:

     The history of Aghaloo is intertwined with that of
   the parishes of Killeshil and Carnteel. ... In 1637 the
   rectories of Carnteel and Aghaloo were united to the
   Church of Ireland archdeaconry of Armagh, and Aghaloo
   Church [in Rousky townland] was used as the parish
   church. ... However, around 1680 the parish structure
   was again reorganised and Carnteel, the upper part of
   Aghaloo (Largie) and Killeeshil were reunited, while a
   new parish church was built at Caledon to serve parish-
   ioners in the remaining part of Aghaloo, ... The united
   parish was known as Carnteale from 1712 onwards, ...
   and Aghaloo Church [at Rousky] continued to serve for
   Killeeshil until 1732. In that year Killeeshil was
   separated from the other two components of the parish
   (Aghaloo and Carnteel) to form a new independent parish
   of Killeeshil. [1]

The map, produced below, is my attempt to illustrate the ancient Territories of Muinterbirne and Largie (1609/10)—with the Manor of Ballymagran‡ (1708) as a subset of the latter—on a townland map of the modern, civil parishes of Carnteel and Aghaloo. [6]  ‡By 1708, the Whyte family of Redhills, county Cavan, were the proprietors of this manor.

largie and ballymagran3sm

Click on image to view in new window.

Even with the changes made between 1637–1732 to the boundaries of the Church of Ireland parishes of Carnteel and Aghaloo (which formed the basis for civil parish boundaries), many Memorials of Irish deeds registered townlands from the modern, civil parish of Carnteel as belonging to the parish of Aghaloo well into the 19th century. Citing just one late example, in 1832 Charlotte Little otherwise Thompson and John Hutton executed a deed of conveyance involving the townlands of Derrycreevy, Tullybrannan, and Glenrue—all of which lie within the modern, civil parish of Carnteel, but were stated in the deed to be part of the parish of Aghiloo [sic]. [7]

Pending items:

  • How long this practice of ascribing townlands from the ancient territory of Largie to the parish of Aghaloo persisted, I do not know. Whether it was a matter of custom or due to another ecclesiastical boundary change is also unclear—to me. If a reader knows the answer to this conundrum, please do consider dropping me a line via the contact form.
  • I have yet to ascertain when and how the Manor of Ridgewaie was broken up after 1631, a large portion of which became the Manor of Ballymagran by 1708, with Francis Whyte of Redhills, county Cavan, the proprietor.

Links:

Sources:

1.

Carver, Naomi, Emily Murray, Gill Plunkett, and Tim Young. "Excavations at Aghaloo Church, Rousky, County Tyrone." Ulster Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 66 (2007), pp. 75–96.

2.

Down Survey of forfeited lands, 1656-8. Extract from the Map of the Barony of Dungannon. Digital copy online at the Down Survey of Ireland project, hosted by Trinity College Dublin, www.downsurvey.tcd.ie (accessed 2017-05-08).

3.

Bodley, Sir Josias. Segment from the 1609 map, "Parte of Ye Baronie of Donganon," highlighting the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie, and also depicting Knockloh, Clonenis, and Balliereagh; from the series of Maps of the Escheated Counties of Ireland. Digital copy hosted online by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (Belfast), www.flickr.com/photos/proni (accessed 2017-04-05).

4.

(a) Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 2-179-366: White to Naper (marriage settlement, dated 1708-02-01 & -02; reg'rd 1708-03-18). Copy per FHL film no. 522803. Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, and submitted to www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-03-20. (b) Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 10-398-3934, White and others to Sanderson (dated 22 May 1713, reg'rd 27 May 1713). Copy per FHL film no. 522809. Indexed by Alison Kilpatrick, and index entries submitted to www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-02-22.

5.

Northern Ireland Place-Name Project (1987–2013), with support from Queen's University, Belfast; the Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland; the Arts & Humanities Research Council (UK); and Foras na Gaeilge. Online at www.placenamesni.org (accessed 2017-05-01).

6.

Kilpatrick, Alison. Map of the Territories of Largie and Muinterbirne, 1609 (2017). Based on Memorials of Irish deeds: (i) Bodley, Sir Josias. Segment from the 1609 map, "Parte of Ye Baronie of Donganon," highlighting the territories of Muinterbirne and Largie, and also depicting Knockloh, Clonenis, and Balliereagh; from the series of Maps of the Escheated Counties of Ireland. Digital copy hosted online by the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (Belfast), www.flickr.com/photos/proni (accessed 2017-04-05). (ii) Down Survey of forfeited lands, 1656-8. Extract from the Map of the Barony of Dungannon. Digital copy online at the Down Survey of Ireland project, hosted by Trinity College Dublin, www.downsurvey.tcd.ie (accessed 2017-05-08). (iii) Registry of Deeds, Ireland; Memorial no. 2-179-366: White to Naper (marriage settlement, dated 1708-02-01 & -02; reg'rd 1708-03-18); copy per FHL film no. 522803; transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, and submitted to www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-03-20. (iv) Registry of Deeds, Ireland; Memorial no. 10-398-3934, White and others to Sanderson (dated 22 May 1713, reg'rd 27 May 1713). Copy per FHL film no. 522809. Indexed by Alison Kilpatrick, and index entries submitted to www.irishdeedsindex.net, 2017-02-22. Adapted from the Ireland/Mapping Townlands project; © OpenStreetMap contributors; online at http://dev3.openstreetmap.ie/osm/slippymap.html (accessed 2017-03-31).

7.

Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 1833-6-298-136, Little otherwise Thompson to Hutton (dated 1832-10-26; registered 1833-04-18).

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© Alison Kilpatrick, 2017. All rights reserved.
Copyright notice

"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

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