Cornelius Marshall (d.1785) of Caledon, county Tyrone

Little is known, for certain, about the background of Cornelius Marshall, except that he was of the larger Marshall family in the parish of Aghaloo. The various assertions made in Sarah Jane Smith's sworn statement of 1877 suggest certain possibilities. [1] However, more work needs to be done to  transcribe Memorials of Irish deeds and other source documents, correlate these to Mrs. Smith's genealogical notes, and finally, assess the lot.

Our first sighting of Mr. Marshall in the written record is a note in the Vestry minutes for St. John's church in Caledon (Church of Ireland), recording Cornelius' attendance at Vestry on the 4th May 1752. [2] For over thirty years, Mr. Marshall remained an active and nearly constant member of the Vestry. The minutes record everything from just the fact of his attendance, to his rôle as churchwarden during the years 1759-61, 1770-71, and 1775, and to such interesting and varied administrative affairs as:

  • the indenture of 9th June 1766 whereby the Church bound "Bridget Gormly, an orphan aged 9 years (long a parish charge) to Cornelius Marshall of Caledon in said parish, a substantial Protestant housekeeper, to learn the business of a servant with him or his deputy for 12 years or till she be 21, Marshall causing her to be fed and clothed as other servants and to be instructed in reading and other religious duties;"
  • the allocation in 1769 of £180 to William Pringle, Cornelius Marshall, and Charles Norris, in order to do the work for seating, flooring, and flagging the New Church;
  • confirmation of the tithe applotments in 1776 and 1783; and
  • in 1778, the vote of 45s 6d to Cornelius Marshall for M'Mahon's orphans on condition that they never more trouble the parish.

Mr. Marshall's occupations ranged from livestock merchant in 1769 [3], to maltster and distiller by 1773 [4], and finally, the (then) innovative manufacture of cotton in 1783. At this latter date, he intended to remove to Enniskillen to take up partnership with his son-in-law, John Cochran, in the commencement of this new undertaking, under the considerable sponsorship of Lord Enniskillen in 1783 [5]. However, injuries sustained after a fall from a horse led to Mr. Marshall's premature demise on the 17th July 1785. [6]

Fortuitously for the descendants of Cornelius Marshall and Alice Harrison, Memorial no. 375-392-251449 (dated 28th April 1786) recorded the sale of Mr. Marshall's two properties in Caledon (consisting of a tenement, and a malt kiln and still house), on behalf of his children, to Mr. Thomas Irwin of Caledon. The resulting, modest sum of £240 was distributed to Cornelius Marshall's five daughters: Elizabeth, wife of John Cochran (Cornelius' intended business partner); Mary, wife of the Rev. Richard Babington; Ann, wife of Oliver Norris; and Alice Marshall and Jane Marshall, spinsters. [7]

This blog article concludes with brief genealogical notes for the daughters of Cornelius Marshall and Alice Harrison:

Elizabeth Marshall – married John Cochran in 1775. [8]

Mary Marshall – married the Rev. Richard Babington in 1779. [8]
   A rather dizzying array of contemporary Richards litters the Babington family tree, in much the same way that the forename, Joseph, populates the Marshall surname in the parish of Aghaloo. However, Burke advises that this particular Richard Babington was the son of Captain Richard Babington of Daisy Hill, near Limavady in the county of Derry (who had fought at the Battle of the Boyne under William III) and Isabella, fourth daughter of William Wray of Castle Wray and of Ards in county Donegal, by Angel Galbraith, his second wife. [9] Burke also confirms that Mr. Babington married Mary Marshall, in spite of the rather discomfiting record in the Armagh Diocesan Marriage Licence Bonds which states that he married an Ann Marshall in 1779. [8]
   It would appear that Miss Marshall and the Rev. Richard Babington made their acquaintance while the latter completed a term as interim curate for St. John's church in Caledon from April 1778 to March 1780. Richard had taken over for his brother, the Rev. Humphrey Babington [9] who, himself, had become curate of the parish in March, 1776 [2], but died in March, 1778 [10].
   This Rev. Richard Babington (husband of Mary Marshall) should not be confused with the Rev. Mr. of the same name who was rector of Longfield Upper (barony of Omagh); married to Mary Boyle of Dungiven, county Derry; and father of the Rev. David Babington (b.1812), the Rev. Hume Babington, rector of Moviddy, county Cork; and Thomas-Henderson, M.D. of Londonderry. [11] This second Rev. Richard Babington was the son of George Babington of Londonderry, merchant, and Mary, daughter of Edmund Stafford of county Antrim. [9]
   Following this process of elimination, the following article would appear to pertain to the Rev. Richard Babington who married Mary Marshall:

   Walks About Ballymena.——No. XII.
   The Parish Church.
     1784.——Rev. Richard Babington, Curate. This clergyman
   remained in occupation as minister of the parish for the
   lengthened period of thirty-six years; and his pecuniary
   position was materially improved by a temporary episcopal
   union of Kilconriola [Kirkinriola] with the neighbouring
   parish of Ballyclug, the rectorial income of which is
   about £100 per annum. Mr. Babington was, in various
   respects, a very worthy old gentleman, but he was peculiar
   in his demeanour, without ability or energy as a minister,
   and altogether inefficient as an elocutionist. During the
   period of his Incumbency the church was almost literally
   deserted, and we have heard that, in 1815, on the occasion
   of services appointed as a public thanksgiving for the
   restoration of peace, the entire congregation in atten-
   dance consisted of Mr. Andrew Logan, Mrs. Henderson Adair,
   and the parish clerk! He held a commission as a Justice
   of the Peace, and resided at Ballygarvey on the premises
   now occupied by Captain M’Killop. He had many redeeming
   qualities——among which kindness of heart and personal
   piety may be enumerated; but he was better fitted for the
   ministry of the day in which he lived than the present era
   of energetic and evangelical revival. He died in 1819; and
   his last resting-place is a small enclosure against the
   east wall of Ballymena church yard. [12]

The only issue of the marriage found to date is a daughter, Ann, who married Captain Thomas Buttle of the 22nd Regiment of Foot. The marriage notice, published in Saunders's News-Letter on the 1st December 1809, confirms that the bride's father, the Rev. Richard Babington, resided at Ballygarvey in the parish of Kirkinriola, county Antrim. [13]

Ann Marshall – married Oliver Norris in 1785. [8] Mr. Norris died at Caledon in 1817. [14] A few of the descendants of this marriage were mentioned in the following vital notices: [15]

   Belfast Commercial Chronicle, 17 August, 1816:
     Marriage notice – On the 12th inst. by the Rev. Mr.
   Gibson, James Wilson Ramsey, of the City of Dublin, Esq.
   to Elizabeth, third daughter of Oliver Norris, Esq. of

   The Pilot, 2 December 1846:
     Marriage notice – In Liverpool, Oliver Norris Birney,
   Esq, of this city [Dublin], to Anne, oldest daughter of
   James Wilson Ramsay, Esq, of the same place.

   Dublin Evening Post, 1 September 1849:
     Death notice – August 28, at his father’s house in
   Abbey-street, after several months’ severe suffering,
   occasioned by a fall, Oliver Norris Ramsay, third son
   of James Wilson Ramsay, Esq.

   Tipperary Vindicator, 10 April 1868:
     Marriage notice – April 8th, at St. Mary’s Church,
   Clonmel, Oliver Pringle, Esq, Tylledon, Glasslough, to
   Elizabeth, second daughter of Oliver Norris Birney, Esq,
   Agent of the Bank of Ireland, Clonmel.

The e-Catalogue for the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (Belfast) lists about twenty documents pertaining to Oliver Norris of Caledon.

Alice Marshall and Jane Marshall — All that is known about these sisters was gleaned by Mrs. Sarah Smith during her family history tour to the parish of Aghaloo in 1869. She met an old man who lived near the castle who said, “There were two old maids died here at Caledon several years ago called Alice and Jane Marshall who kept a cloth or tailor shop.” [1]

Admittedly, these genealogical notes are scant but, hopefully, offer the enterprising researcher or descendant of the marriage of Cornelius Marshall and Alice Harrison a starting point from which to learn more.

If you have a family history connection to this branch of the Marshall family from the parish of Aghaloo—or if you have information to add to the biographical details presented here—please consider getting in touch via the contact page.


Sources and footnotes:


Smith, Sarah Jane née McCracken. Sworn statement, dated 23 March 1877 (Leavenworth, Kansas). Transcribed by Terrance Andrew (Andy) Miller of Columbus, Ohio, 2004-08-13, and annotated by Alison Kilpatrick, 2016–2017.


Marshall, John J. Vestry Book of the Parish of Aghalow (Caledon, County Tyrone). Dungannon: The Tyrone Printing Co., Ltd., 1935.


Belfast News-Letter, 14 April 1769. Cornelius Marshall of Caledon re: sale of heifers. Digital copy online at (accessed by subscription).


Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 303-317-201272: Earl of Cork and Orrery to Marshall (dated 1 June 1773; reg'rd 1773-07-16). Copy per FHL film no. 531676. Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, and submitted to, 2016-11-28.


(a) Ireland. House of Commons. The Parliamentary Register. Vol. I (14 Oct 1783—14 May 1784). Dublin: P. Byrne, W. Porter, 1784. (b) Belfast News-Letter, 30 July 1784. Cornelius Marshall's cotton works at Enniskillen, county Fermanagh. Digital copy online at (accessed by subscription). (c) Belfast News-Letter, 4 February 1785. Cornelius Marshall in partnership with son-in-law, John Cochran, in the manufacture of cotton, and intent to remove to Enniskillen.


Belfast News-Letter, 18 July 1785. Death notice for Cornelius Marshall of Caledon. Digital copy online at (accessed by subscription).


Registry of Deeds, Ireland. Memorial no. 375-392-251449: Lord Enniskillen & others to Irwin (dated 28 April 1786; reg'rd 30 May 1786). Copy per FHL film no. 532575. Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick, and submitted to, 2017-01-25.


Church of Ireland. Marriage Licence Bonds, 1727-1845. Diocese of Armagh. Transcribed by Judy Bingham, California, USA, from FHL film no. 100859 (2005-12-13). Confirmed by A. Kilpatrick to digital copies held by (accessed 2016-02-01, by subscription).


Burke, Ashworth P. Family Records. “Babington,” of county Donegal. London: Harrison and Sons, 1897 (pp. 17-21).


Belfast News-Letter, 13 March 1778. Death notice: "Died, on Friday last, at Caledon, in the county of Tyrone, the Revd. Mr. Humphry Babington, a worthy clergyman.” Digital copy online at (accessed by subscription, 2016-11-30).


Brady, William Maziere. Clerical and Parochial Records of Cork, Cloyne, and Ross. Vol. II. London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, and Green, 1864 (pg. 155). Richard Babington, A.M., rector of Clonpriest in 1820; appointed rector, Upper Langfield, in 1803; rector of Cumber, in the diocese of Derry, 1812. 


Ballymena Observer, 17 April 1858. “Walks about Ballymena.—No. XII. The Parish Church,” including a biographical sketch of the Rev. Richard Babington who d.1819, buried in Ballymena church yard. Digital copy online at The British Newspaper Archive, (accessed 2017-01-24, by subscription). Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick.


Saunders’s News-Letter, 1 December 1809. Marriage notice for Ann, daughter of the Rev. Richard Babington of Ballygarvey, parish of Kirkinriola (near Ballymena), to Capt. Buttle of the 22nd regiment. Digital copy online at The British Newspaper Archive, (accessed 2017-01-24, by subscription).


Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, Belfast. Pre-1858 Wills and Admons; Armagh Diocesan Wills. Norris, Oliver, Caledon, co. Tyrone, probate 1817 (document has not survived). Online at the PRONI’s Name Search facility (accessed 2017-01-24).


(a) Belfast Commercial Chronicle, 17 August 1816. Marriage notice for Elizabeth, third daughter of Oliver Norris of Caledon, to James Wilson Ramsey of Dublin, Esq. (b) The Pilot, 2 December 1846. Marriage notice for Oliver Norris Birney to Anne, daughter of James Wilson Ramsay of Dublin. (c) Dublin Evening Post, 1 September 1849. Death notice for Oliver Norris Ramsay, at Dublin. (d) Tipperary Vindicator, 10 April 1868. Marriage notice for Elizabeth, daughter of Oliver Norris Birney, to Oliver Pringle of Tylledon, Glasslough. —Digital copies of each of these articles online at The British Newspaper Archive, (accessed 2017-01-24, by subscription). Transcribed by Alison Kilpatrick.

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"The past is a foreign country; they do things differently there."—Lesley Poles Hartley (1895–1972), The Go-Between (1953).

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